Pitlochry


Pitlochry

infobox UK place
country = Scotland
official_name= Pitlochry
gaelic_name= Baile Chloichridh
scots_name= Pitlochr
os_grid_reference= NN941582
map_type=Scotland
latitude=56.7050
longitude=-3.7330
population= 2,564
unitary_scotland= Perth and Kinross
lieutenancy_scotland= Perth and Kinross
post_town= PITLOCHRY|postcode_district = PH16 5
postcode_area= PH |dial_code= 01796
constituency_westminster= Perth and North Perthshire
constituency_scottish_parliament= Tayside North Mid Scotland and Fife
website= [http://www.pitlochry.org/ www.pitlochry.org]
london_distance=
edinburgh_distance=
static_

static_image_caption=

Pitlochry ("Baile Chloichridh" in Gaelic), is a burgh in the council area of Perth and Kinross, Scotland, lying on the River Tummel. It has an estimated population of 2,564.

It is largely a Victorian town, whose success as a tourist resort was due to Queen Victoria visiting the area in 1842, and the arrival of the railway in 1863. It remains a popular tourist resort today and is particularly known as a centre for hillwalking, surrounded by mountains such as Ben Vrackie. The town has retained many stone-built Victorian buildings.

Its also home to entertainers like 'Scotlands son of fun'clarifyme Eddie Rose, 'The Voice of athol'clarifyme Alister McRae and Callum Hausrath.Fact|date=October 2008

History

Pitlochry dates largely from Victorian times, though the area known as Moulin, once a separate village, is older. Moulin Kirk was granted by the Earl of Atholl to Dunfermline Abbey in 1180. Moulin became a burgh of barony in 1511.

Pitlochry itself first started to grow after General George Wade built a road through the town as part of his effort to improve access to rural Scotland between 1725 and 1737 as a response to the Jacobite Rising of 1715.

In 1842, Queen Victoria visited the nearby Blair Castle. Her favourable opinion of the area caused the town to be more widely noticed. After the railway station was built in 1863, Pitlochry became a favoured destination for tourists.

In 1947 Pitlochry became a burgh. That year also saw the beginning of construction of a dam as part of the Tummel hydro-electric power scheme. The dam and its fish ladder are a popular tourist attraction today. The damming of the river created an artificial loch, Loch Faskally.

Pitlochry Festival Theatre opened in 1951, originally situated in the current location of the Curling Rink as a tent. The current building dates from 1981.

Every year in October, Pitlochry transforms into a hub of activity for some 20,000 visitors who descend upon the town to see The Enchanted Forest sound and light show and the Pitlochry Autumn Festival that runs alongside the event.

The town was the winner of the 2003 Britain in Bloom horticultural contest, in the category of "Small Country Town".

Governance

Pitlochry is part of the Perth and Kinross council area. The council members representing the town are the now late Eleanor Howie, and John Culliven, both members of the Scottish National Party. ["Perth and Kinross Council Website" [http://www.upmystreet.com/local/my-council-reps/my-reps/l/Pitlochry.html Your councillor] ]

The Scottish Parliamentary constituency is Tayside North, represented by John Swinney of the Scottish National Party. The UK Parliament constituency is Perth and North Perthshire. The MP is Peter Wishart, also of the Scottish National Party. ["upmystreet.com" [http://www.upmystreet.com/local/my-council-reps/my-reps/l/Pitlochry.html The political reps for Pitlochry] - "please note that the source omits one of the local councillors"]

As Scotland comprises a single European Parliament Constituency, Pitlochry participates in electing 7 MEPs using the d'Hondt method of proportional representation every five years.

Demography

Pitlochry had a population of 2,564 at the 2001 census. According to the census, 34.17% of the population was of pensionable age and older, compared to a Scottish average of 18.61%. The median age for males was 47, compared to a Scottish median age of 37, while the median age for females was 52, compared to a Scottish median of 39. ["Scotland's Census Results Online" [http://www.scrol.gov.uk/scrol/browser/profile.jsp?profile=Population&mainLevel=Locality&mainText=Pitlochry&mainTextExplicitMatch=false&compLevel=CountryProfile&compArea=Scotland&compText=&compTextExplicitMatch=null Pitlochry Locality] ]

Economy

Pitlochry's main tourist attraction is its setting, with the surrounding mountains attracting hillwalkers and climbers. Other outdoor activities such as angling and boating are also popular.

The town has two whisky distilleries whose visitor centres are popular attractions: Edradour, which is billed as the smallest distillery in Scotland, and Blair Athol Distillery [ [http://www.whisky.com/brands/blair_athol_brand.html Blair Athol Distillery] ] , which dates back to 1798. The town has many pubs and hotels, including one with a microbrewery.

The power station's dam is known for its 310-metre salmon ladder; fish can be viewed swimming from weir to weir within the ladder, via an underwater viewing station or a video from inside the visitor centre.

Transport

The town, which lies 24 miles north of Perth is bypassed by the main A9 Inverness to Perth road, and has a railway station on the Highland Main Line.

Arts and culture

Pitlochry has a repertory theatre (with a seating capacity of 544 ["Hi-arts.co.uk" [http://www.hi-arts.co.uk/may04_venueprofile.htm Venue Profile] ] ), "Pitlochry Festival Theatre", whose ensemble company is the largest in Scotland. The theatre boasts Scottish-based author JK Rowling as a patron. Its vision is "Stay Six Days and See Six Plays". In 1960, Margaret Morris founded a Scottish National Ballet Company in the town.

The renowned sound and light show, The Enchanted Forest [The Enchanted Forest [http://www.enchantedforest.org.uk] ] , takes place in Pitlochry's nearby Faskally Wood every year in October, attracting 20,000 visitors to the town.

Twin Towns

* Confolens
* Glen Innes

References

External links

* [http://www.pkc.gov.uk/ Perth and Kinross Council]
* [http://www.perthshire.co.uk/ Perthshire Tourist Board]
* [http://www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk/pitlochry/pitlochry/ Information for visitors]
* [http://www.ukattraction.com/central-scotland/pitlochry.html Pitlochry tourist attractions]


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