1394


1394

Year 1394 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events of 1394

* September 17 - King Charles VI of France orders the expulsion of all Jews from France.
* September 28 - Pope Benedict XIII succeeds Pope Clement VII.
*Battle of Karanovasa - Wallachia (now southern Romania) resists an invasion by the Ottomans and their Serb and Bulgarian vassals.
* The Ottomans begin an eight-year siege of Constantinople in the Byzantine Empire.
**The Anadoluhisarı fortress is built by the Ottomans to defend themselves during the siege.
* Ashikaga Yoshimitsu retires as shogun of Japan and is succeeded by his son, Ashikaga Yoshimochi.
* The capital city of the Joseon Dynasty in present-day Korea is moved from Gaegyeong (now Gaeseong) to Hanseong (now Seoul).
**Gyeongbokgung Palace and the Jongmyo royal ancestral shrine are built in Hanseong (now Seoul).
* After the death of Sultan Mahmud II, civil war breaks out in the Delhi Sultanate, splitting the state between east and west.
* Battle of Ros-mic-Triuin: The Kingdom of Leinster, led by King Art mac Art MacMurrough-Kavanagh, defeats an invading army from England, led by King Richard II of England and Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March.
* Ştefan I succeeds Roman I as Prince of Moldavia (now Moldova and eastern Romania).
* Abu Zayyan II succeeds his brother, Abul Hadjdjadj I, as ruler of the Abdalwadid dynasty in present-day eastern Algeria.
* Yûsuf I succeeds Abd ar-Rahmân II as ruler of the Ziyanid Dynasty in present-day western Algeria.
* The Ottomans conquer Thessaly (now eastern Greece).
* Abd al-Aziz II succeeds Abu al-Abbas Ahmad II as ruler of the Hafsid dynasty in present-day Tunisia.
* Richard II of England grants Geoffrey Chaucer 20 pounds a year for life for his services as a diplomat and Clerk of The King's Works.
* The Allgäuer Brauhaus brewery is founded in present-day Germany.
* The Hongwu Emperor of the Ming Dynasty in China orders the Ministry of Public Works to issue a public notice that every 100 households in the "lijia" system are to set aside 2 "mu" (1,390 m2) of land for planting mulberry and jujube trees.

Births

* March 4 - Prince Henry the Navigator, Portuguese patron of exploration (d. 1460)
* July 12 - Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (d. 1441)
* November 24 - Charles, duc d'Orléans, French poet (d. 1465)
* December 10 - King James I of Scotland (d. 1437)
* Ulugh Beg, Timurid ruler and astronomer (d. 1449)
* Cymburgis of Masovia, Duchess of Austria
* Ikkyu, Japanese Zen Buddhist priest and poet (d. 1481)
* Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk (d. 1415)

Deaths

* June 4 - Mary de Bohun, wife of Henry IV of England
* June 7 - Anne of Bohemia, queen of Richard II of England (plague) (b. 1366)
* July 24 - Alexander Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan, Scottish prince (b. 1343)
* August 27 - Former Emperor Chokei of Japan (b. 1343)
* September 16 - Avignon Pope Clement VII (b. 1342)
* John de Ros, 6th Baron de Ros (b. 1365)
* John Devereux 2nd Baron Devereux
* Louis of Enghien, Count of Conversano and Brienne
* John Hawkwood, English mercenary (b. 1320)
* Constance of Castile, claimant to the throne of Castile
* Fazlallah Astarabadi, founder of the mystical Hurufism sect (executed)
* Sultan Mahmud II of Delhi
* Former King Gongyang of Goryeo (b. 1345)


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