El Aaiún


El Aaiún

Infobox Settlement
official_name = El Aaiún
other_name =
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imagesize = 300px
image_caption = Downtown view of El Aaiún


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pushpin_label_position =bottom
pushpin_mapsize = 300
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Western Sahara, Morocco
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Claimed by
subdivision_name =‎ Morocco
subdivision_name1 = Western Sahara and Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
subdivision_type2 =Region
subdivision_name2 = Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra
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population_as_of=2006
population_footnotes =
population_total = 188,084
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latd=27|latm=9|lats=13|latNS=N
longd=13|longm=12|longs=12|longEW=W
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El-Aaiún (also transliterated "Laâyoune" or "El Ayun")(Arabic: العيون, transliterated al-`ayūn), is a city in Western Sahara and a former Spanish colony. Occupied by Morocco since 1976 [UN General Assembly Resolution 34/37 and UN General Assembly Resolution 35/19] , El-Aaiún is the capital of the Moroccan region of Laâyoune-Boujdour-Sakia El Hamra. It is also claimed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic as their "de jure" capital. The city is located at coord|27|9|13|N|13|12|12|W| (27.153611, -13.203333). [http://earth-info.nga.mil/gns/html/cntry_files.html]

Demographics

The city has a population of 188,084English] and is the largest city in Western Sahara. It is a growing economical pole in what Morocco sees as its Southern Provinces. Its population is a mixture of Moroccans from the North as well as Sahrawis from Southern Saharan Morocco and natives of Western Sahara.

Etymology

"El Aaiún" is the transliteration of the Arabic name used as the Spanish name for the city. "Laâyoune" is a French transliteration even used in Moroccan literature. The Arabic name means "the springs".

In the area south of Tindouf, Algeria, there is a Sahrawi refugee camp named El-Aaiun, after this city.

tatus

The United Nations mission for the referendum, MINURSO, which administers the ceasefire settlement of 1991 between Morocco and the Polisario Front, has its headquarters in the city.

Beginning in the spring of 2005, the Independence Intifada began demanding the release of political prisoners and demonstrations in favor of independence took part in some parts of the city, and a trend towards opening up the closed territory seems to have been broken off, with several expulsions of foreign journalists and human rights delegations, accused by the Moroccan authorities of serving as a pretext for the pro-independence activists to step up riots.

References

External links

fr [http://www.laayouneinvest.ma Investir dans la région de Laâyoune "Invest in the region of Laâyoune"]
* [http://lexicorient.com/morocco/laayoune.htm Entry in Lexicorient]


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