- Blackheath, New South Wales
Blackheath (elevation 1065
metres) is a small town located near the top of the Blue Mountains in New South Wales, Australia, 120 kilometres west of Sydneyand 11 kilometres northwest of Katoomba. It has a population of between four and five thousand. Many residents are weekly residents of Sydney or Lithgow.
Prior to European settlement of
Australiathe region of Blackheath was home to the Aboriginal Gundungura people. Some descendants of these people still reside in the modern township of 4104 persons (2001 ABS Census Data).
Blackheath was named in
1815by Governor Lachlan Macquarieafter the colour of the native shrubbery in the area. Macquarie recorded in his journal: "This place having a black wild appearance I have this day named it Black-Heath." The name is also sometimes taken as reference to the occurrence of bleak weather and the locals have also coined the phrases, "Bleak-Heath" and "Lack-heat". Whilst true to some extent, these names are somewhat of a misnomer as Blackheath enjoys a sunny, temperate climate. The area was originally named "Hounslow" by Governor Macquarie on his original trip through the area to Bathurst. He renamed it on his return journey.
The first building in Blackheath, the "Scotch Thistle Inn", was erected by Andrew Gardner in 1831. The inn was visited by
Charles Darwinin 1836 [ [http://etext.library.adelaide.edu.au/d/darwin/charles/beagle/chapter19.html 1] ] . The extent of the original grant of land to Gardner can be seen today as the area bound by the Great Western Highway, Govetts Leap Road and (the misspelt) Gardiners Crescent.
Blackheath developed into a town after the railway line was built in 1869, the current station location being built in 1883. A large dam built to supply water for railway steam engines became the public baths when steam operations ceased upon electrification. Blackheath's original post office opened in 1910 and has now been converted into a gift shop and cafe.
Blackheath's sporting claim to fame is that
Don Bradmanhit a century off three overs for the Blackheath team in November 1931 at Blackheath Oval in a social match against Lithgow. He went on to make 256. Also the hugely popular Blackheath Black Cats Rugby Leagueteam play at the oval. The team has won many premierships and holds a strong supporter base among locals.
provides an alternate vantage point for views into the same canyon system.
The area is known today for its colourful blooms in Spring and golden Autumn foliage as the weather begins to cool. In September,
daffodils bloom and on the first weekend of November, Blackheath hosts an annual RhododendronFestival.
The Campbell Rhododendron Gardens [http://www.bluemts.com.au/rhododendron/garden.htm] at the northern end of the town in Bachante St have 45 acres (18.5 hectares) of
Rhododendronsand Azaleasplanted underneath a native Australian Bush canopy. They are tended by the volunteers of The Blue Mountains Rhododendron Society of NSW, many of whom live in the town. The Gardens are a spectacular sight in the spring months of September through to November.
The ornamental cherry trees that line the streets are out in full bloom in the first week of October - they are one of the spectacles of the Blue Mountains.
Mount Boycelookout is located just out of town towards Lithgow. The Megalong Valley, about 18 km away, can be accessed from Blackheath.
Geography & Climate
The area around Blackheath contains some of the most spectacular views in the Blue Mountains, including those over the Grose Valley from Evans Lookout and Govetts Leap in the east, and the lesser-known vista of the
Megalong Valleyfrom Hargraves Lookout in the west, past the tiny hamlet of Shipley. [http://www.smh.com.au/news/New-South-Wales/Blackheath/2005/02/17/1108500192770.html]
As the highest town in the Mountains, Blackheath occasionally receives
snowin winter (two settled falls per season is the average) and even in summer the temperatures are generally mild in comparison to other locations at the same latitude. Average maximum temperature in winter is around 10°C to 11°C although some days struggle to get above 5°C or 6°C. In summer average maximum temperatures are around 23°C where thunderstorms occur reasonably often. [http://www.blackheathweather.com/]
Blackheath is also home to a collection of retreat centres including a
Vipassanameditation center to the north of the town [http://www.bhumi.dhamma.org/] .
Blackheath is surrounded by National Park which is prone to bushfires. In November 2006 severe bushfires threatened Blackheath from the north. Consequently much of the National Park surrounding Blackheath is currently closed. [http://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/parks.nsf/ParkContent/N0004?OpenDocument&ParkKey=N0004&Type=FIRESUMMARY]
* [ [List of Blue Mountains articles]
* [http://www.bmcc.nsw.gov.au/ Blue Mountains city council]
* [http://www.visitbluemountains.com.au Blue Mountains Tourism]
* [http://www.blackheath-nsw.com Blackheath Information Site]
* [http://www.bluemountainsonline.com.au/ Blue Mountains Online]
* [http://www.blackheathweather.com Blackheath Weather] - Local site regarding snow and general weather in the area.
* [http://maps.google.com/?ll=-33.631058,150.29108&spn=0.066105,0.134754&t=h Google Satellite Map of Blackheath]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
New South Wales — Nouvelle Galles du Sud « NSW » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir NSW (homonymie). Cet article concerne l État d Australie. Pour l ancienne région du Canada, voir Nouvell … Wikipédia en Français
Blackheath railway station, New South Wales — Cityrail Station alt|station name=Blackheath| servicearea=Blue Mountains Line|servicearea color=#Blue Mountains line colour|servicearea textcolor=black code=BKE|town=Blackheath|street=Railway Pde|distance=120.72|altitude=?|traintype=Intercity|plat… … Wikipedia
Megalong, New South Wales — Megalong is a small rural community in the Megalong Valley in the state of New South Wales, Australia in the City of Blue Mountains. At the 2006 census, Megalong had a population of 164 people. The community is mainly quiet rural properties… … Wikipedia
Bullaburra, New South Wales — Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb name = Bullaburra city = Sydney state = NSW caption = Rhondda Valley lga = City of Blue Mountains postcode = 2784 est = pop = 1,236 (2006) area = propval = stategov = fedgov = Macquarie near nw = Blue… … Wikipedia
Glen Innes, New South Wales — Infobox Australian Place | type = town name = Glen Innes state = nsw caption = Grey Street, Glen Innes NSW lga = Glen Innes Severn Shire Council county = Gough postcode = 2370 est = 1852 pop = 5,944 elevation= 1062 maxtemp = 20.2 mintemp = 7.2… … Wikipedia
List of Government schools in New South Wales: A–F — The New South Wales Department of Education and Training (DET) is a department of the Government of New South Wales. In addition to other responsibilities, it operates primary schools and secondary schools throughout the state. Contents 1 A 2 B 3 … Wikipedia
Mount Victoria, New South Wales — Mount Victoria New South Wales Mount Victoria Hotel in the 1920s … Wikipedia
Medlow Bath, New South Wales — Hydro Majestic Hotel Medlow Bath is an Australian small town located near the highest point of the Blue Mountains, between Katoomba and Blackheath. It has an approximate altitude of 1050m and is located approximately 115 kilometres west north… … Wikipedia
Cook County, New South Wales — Map of all coordinates from Google Map of all coordinates from Bing Export all coordinates as KML … Wikipedia
Main Western railway line, New South Wales — [Gauge: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) Legend … Wikipedia