- Sempad, King of Armenia
: "This article is about the 13th century Cilician king. For others with similar names, see
Smbat."Sempad, Smpad, Sambat, or Smbat ( _hy. Սմբատ); 1277 – c. 1310) was king of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, ruling from 1296 to 1298. He was the son of Leo II of Armeniaand Kyranna de Lampron and was part of the Hetoumid-family.
Sempad seized the throne with the aid of his brother Constantine while his brothers Hethum II and Thoros were in
Constantinople. In 1297, on a volitional journey to the Ghazan's court, Sempad managed to receive recognition of his position as king from the Mongol ruler of Persia, which was necessary to legitimate his usurpation. He also received a bride from the Mongol khan in order to form a matrimonial alliance, perhaps a relative of the khan himself. [Luisetto, p.122, referencing "Gestes des Chiprois" par. 553] [Hornstein, p. 410]
On Hethum's return, Sempad had Hethum blinded by
cauterizationand both brothers imprisoned at Partzerpert. Thoros was murdered there on Sempad's orders in 1298, but Constantine turned traitor again and helped Hethum overthrow Sempad, assuming the throne while Hethum's blindness healed. Sempad again plotted with Constantine to resume the throne soon after Hethum's restoration, and both were imprisoned for the rest of their lives.
*cite book|last=Boase|first=T. S. R.|title=The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia|year=1978|publisher=Scottish Academic Press|location=Edinburgh|id=ISBN 0-7073-0145-9
*Hornstein, Lilian Herlands. [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0038-7134%28194110%2916%3A4%3C404%3ATHBOTK%3E2.0.CO%3B2-S "The Historical Background of the King of Tars."] "Speculum", 16:4 (Oct., 1941), pp. 404–414.
*cite book|author=Luisetto, Frédéric|title=Arméniens et autres Chrétiens d'Orient sous la domination mongole|date=2007|publisher=Geuthner|isbn=9782705337919
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