Tolox


Tolox

Tolox is a village and municipality in the province of Málaga, Andalusia, southern Spain. The municipality has a population of 2,317 (2006). It is situated in the centre of the Sierra de las Nieves Nature Park, at the foot of Sierra Blanca and Sierra Parda. In addition to La Torrecilla Peak (1,919 m.), there are ancient woodlands of Spanish Fir and gall oak. The municipality covers 94 km², has a mean elevation of 285 m. and mean geographical coordinates of 36° 41' 11" N, 4° 54' 16" E.

Village

The village of Tolox has winding streets, with white-washed houses and doors and window boxes overflowing with flowers in season.

History

While the area was inhabited in Paleolithic times, the village of Tolox bears a Phoenician name and a Phoenician origin is confirmed by archaeological evidence. It was occupied by Rome and considerable rebuilding was done under Roman rule. Later it fell to the Visigoths and then to the Ummayad Arab invaders. Tolox was freed from Córdoba rule in 883 by Umar ibn Hafsun, who developed it to one of his main bases in the Serranía de Ronda. It did not fall until 921 when his son Süleyman surrendered it to Abd-ar-Rahman III .

After the fall of the Caliphate of Córdoba, Tolox came under the Kingdom of Granada and it was not turned over to Ferdinand and Isabella, "Los Reyes Católicos" ("The Catholic Kings") until 1485 by Sancho de Angula. Tolox continued to have a large Moorish population and at Christmas 1539 there was civil strife between the predominantly moorish peasants and the Christian landholders. Each year during Carnival Tolox commemorates these events with the ""Dia de los polvos"", ("Day of the Powder"). In 1568-1571 Tolox took part in the Moorish rebellion. As a result, Tolox was almost entirely depopulated first by the war, and then any remaining moors were relocated in small groups to Valencia. Philip II then called for Christian settlers from Seville, Córdoba, and as far away as Galicia.

In the War of Independence Tolox fought under the command of Francisco Javier de Abadía (commander of the Campo de Gibraltar) against the invading Napoleonic troops. Later soldiers from Cártama and Tolox under the command of General Don Francisco Ballesteros conducted guerrilla warfare out of the mountains against the French.

Attractions

Aside from the mountain vistas and hiking that Tolox offers, it has a famous spa "Fuente Amargosa", which is visited for respiratory and allergic afflictions.

References

* Wawn, Christopher; Wood, David (1999) "In Search of Andalucia: A Historical Geographic Observation of the Malaga Seaboard". Pentland Press: Durham, Edinburgh, Cambridge. ISBN 1-85821-690-7
* Ruiz, Virgilio (2000) "Vivencias de Tolox" Ayuntamiento de Tolox: Tolox.
* González, Diego Ceano (1993) "Tolox : un oasis en la sierra" Málaga : Mar y Luz.
* Jiménez, José Sánchez (1976) " Vida rural y mundo contemporáneo : análisis sociohistórico de un pueblo del sur" Barcelona : Planeta. ISBN 84-320-7816-6

External links

* [http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/institutodeestadistica/sima/htm/sm29090.htm Tolox statistics from the Multiterritorial Information System of Andalucía]
* [http://www.cajaespana.es/pubweb/decyle.nsf/0/4043dfbfdf673078c1256dc100542f4f/$FILE/29090.PDF Economic Study of Spain - Tolox]
* [http://www.tolox.es/ Official homepage of Tolox]
* [http://www.costadelsol.net/web/Sierranieves/Pag07_uk.htm Sierra de las Nieves - Tolox]
* http://www.inmotolox.com


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tolox — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tolox — Drapeau Blason …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tolox — Gemeinde Tolox Wappen Karte von Spanien Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tolox — Original name in latin Tolox Name in other language Tolox State code ES Continent/City Europe/Madrid longitude 36.68721 latitude 4.90511 altitude 313 Population 2261 Date 2012 03 04 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Tolox — Tomado de Junta de Andalucía (SIMA) Localidad y Municipio de la provincia de Málaga (Andalucía, España), entre Alozaina y Coín, situada en la falda Este de la Sierra de las Nieves. De origen fenicio, poblado en época romana y fortificado por Omar …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Balneario de Tolox — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Localización del municipio de Tolox El balneario de Tolox se encuentra en Tolox, municipio de la provincia de Málaga (España), en el corazón de la Sierra de las Nieves, a 360 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Powder Day — or Day of the Powder, ( es. Dia de los Polvos) is celebrated in the southern Spanish village of Tolox on Shrove Tuesday, the final day of the annual Tolox carnival. This local tradition involves the throwing of talcum powder at one another. One… …   Wikipedia

  • Hipólito Lucena Morales — (Coín, 1907 1981) fue un presbítero heterodoxo español que protagonizó un insólito caso de neoiluminismo sucedido en la diócesis de Málaga durante los años del nacionalcatolicismo franquista (1939 1960). Catedral de Málaga, construida entre 1528… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alozaina — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Alozaina Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Parque Natural de la Sierra de las Nieves — Para otros usos de este término, véase Sierra de las Nieves (desambiguación). Sierra de las Nieves Mapa de la Sierra de las Nieves Situación …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.