Lewiston, Idaho


Lewiston, Idaho

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Lewiston, Idaho
settlement_type = City
nicknames = L-Town, River City
motto =



imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Lewiston from the north


image_



image_




mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption =


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = Idaho
subdivision_name2 = Nez Perce
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Doug Havens
established_title = Founded
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date = 1861
established_date2 = 1861
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_sq_mi = 17.2
area_total_km2 = 44.5
area_land_sq_mi = 16.5
area_land_km2 = 42.7
area_water_sq_mi = 0.7
area_water_km2 = 1.8
population_as_of = 2006
population_note =
population_total = 31293
population_metro = 57961
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 695.2
population_density_sq_mi = 1873.0
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 46 |latm = 25 |lats = 00 |latNS = N
longd = 117 |longm = 01 |longs = 04 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 227
elevation_ft = 745
website = http://www.cityoflewiston.org
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 83501
area_code = 208
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 16-46540
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0396788
footnotes =

Lewiston is the county seat of and largest city in Nez Perce County, Idaho, United States. It is the second largest city in the Idaho Panhandle region behind Coeur d'Alene. Lewiston is the principal city of the Lewiston, ID-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of both Nez Perce County in Idaho and Asotin County in Washington. As of the 2000 census the population of Lewiston was 30,904 (2006 estimate: 31,293) [http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2006-04-16.xls Table 4: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Idaho, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 (SUB-EST2006-04-16)] Accessed 16 July 2007] .

Lewiston is located at the confluence of the Snake and Clearwater Rivers. Its main industry is paper and timber products production at the mill owned and operated by the Potlatch Corporation.

Because the portion of the Snake River between its confluence with the Columbia River near Pasco, Washington, and Lewiston is navigable by some oceangoing vessels, Lewiston has the distinction of being Idaho's only seaport and the western United States' farthest inland seaport. Barges of timber products, grain and other goods are shipped via the Snake-Columbia system to the Pacific Ocean.

Highlights

Lewiston is home to Lewis-Clark State College. Other schools include Lewiston High School, Jenifer Junior High, Sacajawea Junior High, and seven elementary schools: Whitman, Webster, Centennial, Orchards, Camelot, McGhee, and McSorely Elementaries.

Immediately across the Snake River from Lewiston is the town of Clarkston, Washington.

Along much of the Snake River is a system of levees to protect against flooding. Most of the levees are maintained by the United States Army Corps of Engineers.

Downtown Lewiston is at the same elevation as the river (about 730 ft). Away from downtown in either a northerly or southerly direction, the terrain gains elevation quickly. The south half of town is an area referred to as the Orchards. This area is much higher in elevation than downtown (one of the higher areas in town at about 1350 ft) and is named for the fruit orchards that previously covered the area. There is little sign of any orchards today, although there is a wide proliferation of fruit trees in the backyards of many residences in this area of town.

The older grade (called the Spiral Highway), now mostly out of use, is a very windy road joining US95/US195 to the Lewiston City Limits. The newer grade, constructed in the late 1970s, yields a more sweeping descent to the East, and is approximately convert|7|mi|km long. Both grades provide an excellent view of Lewiston and neighbouring Clarkston and the surrounding landscape.

In springtime there is a celebration called the Dogwood Festival. This celebration is named for the abundant dogwood trees that are in fragrant bloom during the festival. During and shortly after the festival these pink blossoms blow through yards and streets like drifts of snow.

During the fall there are a number of cottonwood trees that release cotton-like clouds of seeds that blow through the air and streets, blanketing them with a snow-like cover. Also during August, Hot August Nights takes place. This celebration includes concerts by classic '50s to '80s musicians such as .38 Special and Loverboy. There's also a show and shine for classic cars, and at night these cars parade along Main Street.

The town has a large Christmas festival that includes a number of lighted displays in the downtown area. At Locomotive Park, so named because of the retired locomotive Steam Engine 92 and Camas Prairie RR Caboose on display in the middle, large trees and pathways are decorated with lights from Thanksgiving to New Year's. These events are sponsored by the Chamber of Commerce, and the displays involved are typically quite impressive and often attract many visitors. Each year, the city hosts the [http://www.lcsc.edu/naia/ Avista NAIA World Series] in May, and the [http://www.lewistonroundup.org Lewiston Round Up] in September. The Lewiston Round Up is a member of the Big 4 and a top 50 PRCA rodeo.

History

The first people of European ancestry to visit the Lewiston area were members of the U.S. expedition led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark in October 1805. At the future townsite the Lewis and Clark Expedition encountered settlements of the native Nez Perce.

Named after Lewis, the town was founded in 1861 in the wake of a gold rush which began in the area the previous year. The first newspaper in present-day Idaho began publication in Lewiston in 1862. In 1863 Lewiston became the capital of the newly-created Idaho Territory.

Lewiston's stint as a seat of government was short-lived. A resolution to have the capital moved from Lewiston to Boise was passed by the Idaho Territorial Legislature on December 7, 1864. The move was made in 1865. According to legend the move was very unpopular in northern Idaho, so government officials secretly took the territorial seal from Lewiston and immediately departed for Boise to avoid the public outrage that was sure to erupt. Alternately, they hired river pirates to steal it for them. North Idahoans were somewhat placated in 1883 when the University of Idaho was awarded to nearby Moscow.

Lewiston had a popular Northwest League professional baseball franchise from 1952 until 1974. The Lewiston Broncs were affiliated with various Major League Baseball parent clubs including the Philadelphia Phillies, Kansas City Athletics, St. Louis Cardinals, Baltimore Orioles and Oakland Athletics. Reggie Jackson was perhaps the most famous Lewiston Bronc of all-time. Mr. October played for Lewiston in 1966.

The Presto Log was invented in Lewiston in 1930.

Geography & Weather

Lewiston is located at coor dms|46|24|1|N|117|0|4|W|city (46.400245, -117.001030)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.2 square miles (44.5 km²), of which 16.5 square miles (42.7 km²) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km²) (4.01%) is water.

Link to local weather information from the NWS Spokane Office (National Weather Service) – http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/otx/

Major Highways

*United States Highway 12
*United States Highway 95

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 30,905 people, 12,795 households, and 8,278 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,873.0 people per square mile (723.2/km²). There were 13,394 housing units at an average density of 811.8/sq mi (313.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.14% White, 0.30% African American, 1.59% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.91% of the population.

There were 12,795 households out of which 28.7% included children under the age of 18, 51.3% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% were a single person living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,606, and the median income for a family was $45,410. Males had a median income of $35,121 versus $22,805 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,091. About 8.4% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those aged 65 or over.

Notes

External links

* [http://www.cityoflewiston.org City of Lewiston]
* [http://www.lewistonchamber.org Lewiston Chambere of Commerce]
* [http://www.judyhiggins.com/community-info/idaho-home-prices.php Idaho Home Price] Statistics for Lewiston and surrounding cities
* [http://www.lmtribune.com The Lewiston Tribune Online]
* [http://www.npchistsoc.org Nez Perce County Historical Society]


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