Guanajuato


Guanajuato

:"Guanajuato is the name of a state in Mexico and that state's capital city, as well as a river in the area. This article is about the state. For the city, see Guanajuato, Guanajuato; for the river, see Guanajuato River"

Infobox Settlement
name = State of Guanajuato
other_name =
native_name =
nickname =
settlement_type =
motto =


imagesize =
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flag_size = 140px
image_

seal_size =
image_shield = Escudo de Guanajuato.jpg
shield_size = 80px
city_logo =
citylogo_size =



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map_caption = Location within Mexico


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = MEX
subdivision_type1 = Capital
subdivision_name1 = Guanajuato
subdivision_type2 = Municipalities
subdivision_name2 = 46
subdivision_type3 = Largest City
subdivision_name3 = León
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =Governor
leader_name =Juan Manuel Oliva Ramirez (PAN)
leader_title1 = Federal Deputies
leader_name1 =PAN: 14
leader_title2 =Federal Senators
leader_name2 = Humberto Andrade Quezada (PAN)
Luis Alberto Villarreal García (PAN)
Francisco Arroyo Vieyra (PRI)
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
leader_title4 =
leader_name4 =
established_title = Colonized
established_date = 1520s
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
area_magnitude =
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area_footnotes =
Ranked 22nd
area_total_km2 = 30491
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
area_total_sq_mi =
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area_blank1_km2 =
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population_as_of =2005
population_footnotes =
population_note =
population_total = 4,893,812 (Ranked 6th)
population_density_km2 =
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timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd= |latm= |lats= |latNS=
longd= |longm= |longs= |longEW=
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m =
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code =
blank_name =HDI (2004)
blank_info =0.7662 - medium
Ranked 22nd
blank1_name =ISO 3166-2
blank1_info =MX-GUA
blank2_name =Postal abbr.
blank2_info =Gto.
blank3_name =
blank3_info =
website = [http://www.guanajuato.gob.mx Guanajuato]
footnotes =

Guanajuato is a state in the central highlands of Mexico. It is named after its capital city, Guanajuato, which comes from the local indigenous P'urhépecha language, meaning "Hill of Frogs".Cite book|title=¡Así es! Guanajuato... Patrimonio de la Humanidad|last=Ramirez Mora|first=Jorge Alberto|publisher=RG Digital|location=Guanajuato, GTO, Mexico|year=date unspecified, ca. 2005|id=no ISBN number] Cite book|title=Guanajuato Mexico|author=editorial staff|publisher=Editoriál Stampart|location=Guanajuato, GTO, Mexico|year=date unspecified, ca. 2005|id=no ISBN number] "Las Ranas" ("the Frogs") is a nickname for people from this state as frogs are their state animal. Guanajuato is the home state of former president Vicente Fox, muralist Diego Rivera and singer-songwriter José Alfredo Jiménez.

After central Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico coast, Guanajuato was one of the first areas of Mexico colonized by the Spanish, in the 1520s, for its rich silver deposits. Guanajuato's colonial architecture is very well preserved along with over 35 old churches in its capital alone.

Today, Guanajuato's mines are still among the richest-producing silver mines in the world (historically one of the largest). The state also produces tin, gold, copper, lead, mercury, and opals. Guanajuato also leads the nation in shoe production and various farm products such as lettuce and potatoes. The state's main export products are motor vehicles and autoparts, footwear, leather goods, chemicals, electric machinery and materials, fruits and vegetables.

In addition to the state capital city of Guanajuato, the state includes the cities of San Luis de la Paz, Acámbaro, Celaya, León, Yuriria, Salamanca, Irapuato, San Miguel de Allende, Salvatierra—the first city of Guanajuato, Cortazar, Tarimoro, and Dolores Hidalgo, the cradle of Mexican independence.

The first battle in Mexico's war for independence resulted in a march from Dolores Hidalgo upon the capital of the state and the subsequent burning of the granary which held all the Iberian-born Spaniards (approximately 500 men, women and children), by peasants of pure Amerindian or mixed (Mestizo) descent who had been put to work in very harsh conditions.

The state of Guanajuato accounts for more than its proportional share of economic migrations of workers to the United States and Canada. Among the areas favored by migrants from this part of Mexico are the U.S. cities of Chicago, Illinois, Dallas, Texas, Corpus Christi, Texas, Evanston, Illinois, Los Angeles, California, and Palisade, Colorado.

Geography

The state of Guanajuato borders the states of San Luis Potosí to the north, Querétaro to the east, Michoacán to the south, and Jalisco to the west. It means "hills of the frogs". It has an area of km2 to sq mi|30589. In the 2005 census, the state had a population of 4,893,812 people. The literacy rate stands at about 88 percent.

Guanajuato is located in the geographic center of Mexico, about three and half-hours north-west of Mexico City, and its capital city is one of Mexico's most famous tourist spots. It is a UNESCO world heritage site and city planners must abide by strict rules when building and refurbishing buildings in order to maintain their colonial integrity. The city is situated in the Veeder mountains at over m to ft|2000 above sea level and the buildings climb up the side of the mountains surrounding the city center. The buildings are colorful and there are many historical buildings such as the Reyna and several haciendas-ranches or manor houses-that have been preserved as museums, public gardens and hotels.

The town of Guanajuato has been depicted in various works of art. Most notably, the Mexican-German-Slovakian sculptor/painter Craigorio Hauquitz, has created some of the most breathtaking paintings of Guanajuato in the past century.

Every October, Guanajuato hosts the annual International Cervantes Culture Festival, which is centered in the capital city. The festival features high-level performers and artists from around the world, as well as from many regions of Mexico, in addition to the (often overlooked) traditional presentation of plays by Miguel de Cervantes.

Government and politics

The Constitution of the State of Guanajuato provides that the government of Guanajuato, like the government of every other state in Mexico, consists of three powers: the executive, the legislative and the judiciary.

Executive power rests in the Governor of Guanajuato, who is directly elected by the citizens, using a secret ballot, to a 6-year term with no possibility of reelection. Legislative power rests in the Congress of Guanajuato which is a unicameral legislature composed of 36 deputies. Judicial power is invested in the Superior Court of Justice of Guanajuato.

The last Local elections in Guanajuato were held on July 2, 2006.

Municipalities

The State of Guanajuato is divided into 46 municipalities, each headed by a municipal president (mayor). Municipalities are named after the city that serves as municipal seat; e.g. the municipal seat of the Municipality of Guanajuato is the City of Guanajuato.

Economy

[http://sefide-fondos.guanajuato.gob.mx/ Fondos Guanajuato] Financial Official website

Major Cities

*Acámbaro
*Celaya
*Dolores Hidalgo
*Guanajuato
*Irapuato
*León
*Moroleón
*Salamanca
*San Francisco del Rincón
*San Luis de la Paz
*San Miguel de Allende
*Silao
*Uriangato
*Valle de Santiago

Other pictures

References

External links

* [http://www.allmymexico.com/city-guide/guanajuato.html Guanajuato] Travelers Guide
* en icon fr icon [http://www.guanajuato.gob.mx Guanajuato] : Governmental portal
* [http://www.guanajuato-travel.com Guanajuato Travel] : Official tourist information about the state
* en icon fr icon [http://www.guanajuatocapital.com Guanajuato capital] : Attractions, services, lodging, art, culture, restaurants and much more.
* en icon fr icon [http://www.welcomesanmiguel.com San Miguel de Allende] : Attractions, services, lodging, art, culture, restaurants and much more.
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/06/in_pictures_el_gusano0_a_living_ghost_town/html/1.stm BBCNews.com Photojournal] : El Gusano, a living ghost town
* [http://sachinb.blogspot.com/2008/01/guanajuato-prettiest-city.html Guanajuato, The Prettiest Mexican City]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guanajuato — Guanajuato …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guanajuato —   [gu̯ana xu̯ato],    1) Hauptstadt des Bundesstaates Guanajuato, Mexiko, im Süden der Sierra Madre Occidental, 2 080 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 49 000 Einwohner; Universität (gegründet 1732 als Kolleg); Zentrum eines Agrar und Bergbaugebietes.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Guanajuato — er navnet på en delstat i Mexicos centrale højland, samt navnet på delstatens hovedstad. Delstaten Guanajuato deler grænser med delstaterne San Luis Potosi, Queretaro, Michoacan og Jalisco. Den har et areal på 30.589 km². I 2003 var dens anslåede …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Guanajuato [1] — Guanajuato (spr. ŭanachuāto), Staat der Republik Mexiko, zwischen 20–22° nördl. Br. und 104°40´ bis 106° westl. L., östlich von Queretaro, nördlich von San Luis Potosi, westlich von Jalisco, südlich von Michoacan begrenzt, 28,363 qkm groß, mit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Guanajuato [2] — Guanajuato (spr. ŭanachuāto, Santa Fé de G.), Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen Staates (s. oben), 2045 m ü. M., liegt auf höchst unebenem Felsengelände zu beiden Seiten der tiefen Schlucht Cañada de Marsil, die den einzigen für Wagen passierbaren… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Guanajuato — (Guanaxuato, spr. chuahto), Staat der Republik Mexiko, 28.363 qkm, (1900) 1.061.727 E. Die Hauptstadt G. (Santa Fé de G.), 2045 M ü. d. M., 41.486 E., Universität …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Guanajuato — [gwä΄nä hwä′tō̂] 1. state of central Mexico: rich mining center, esp. for silver: 11,810 sq mi (30,588 sq km); pop. 3,983,000 2. its capital: pop. 48,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Guanajuato — Para la ciudad capital de este estado, véase Guanajuato (Guanajuato). Estado Libre y Soberano de Guanajuato Estado de México …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guanajuato — /gwah nah hwah taw/, n. 1. a state in central Mexico. 2,811,000; 11,805 sq. mi. (30,575 sq. km). 2. a city in and the capital of this state: center of the silver mining region. 65,258. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 74,874), capital of Guanajuato… …   Universalium

  • Guanajuato — Para el municipio, véase Municipio de Guanajuato. El Estado de Guanajuato es una de las 31 entidades federativas de México y se ubica en la región central del territorio nacional. Está localizado al oriente del estado de Jalisco, al sur de los… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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