Cuento


Cuento

Cuento is a Spanish word meaning literally "story" or "tale". Cuento may specifically refer to folk tales, a category of folklore that includes stories passed down through oral tradition. The word cuento may also be used as a verb to say "tell", as if you are "telling" a story ("Cuento").

Idioms using this word, translated into English, include:

  • contar un cuento - to tell a story
  • cuento de hadas - fairy tale
  • cuento de fantasmas - ghost story
  • cuento de viejas - old wives' tale
  • va de cuento - the story goes, or it is said
  • cuento folklórico – folk tale

Latin American tales are unique in that they may represent a time before European invasion, and they may combine those traditions with the history and culture that arrived post-conquest. When the Spaniards came to Latin America in the 16th century, the indigenous people were forced to assimilate their culture with the Europeans'. Likewise, the content of the stories differed between the ages. However, there are few resources on cuentos for pre-conquest indigenous peoples in South America. A folklorist specializing in Spain and Spanish-originated folklore, Aurelio M. Espinosa discovered that "most of the Spanish folklore which is found today in the Spanish-speaking countries of America is of traditional Spanish origin". [1] Pre-conquest information can only be found in what is left; this includes archaeological artifacts, sculpture and pottery, stories engraved in bone, shell, and stones, and codices. Only seventeen codices are intact, "fifteen of which are known to predate the Colonial era, and two of which originated either before the Conquest or very soon after" [2].

With the knowledge that the natives in Latin America were made to blend culturally with the Spaniards when they arrived, the similarity of Latin American stories to Spanish stories must be considered. Terrence L. Hansen, a Latin American folklorist, attempted to index 1,747 folktales into 659 indexes such as "animal tales," "magic tales," "religious tales," and "jokes and anecdotes." The purpose of the study was to make "accessible to folklorists both the individual types and the broad picture of the folktale in a large part of Spanish America".[3]

Ralph S. Boggs, a folklorist who studied Spanish and other European folktales, also compiled an index of tales across ten nations, one of these nations Spain. Hansen notes that in Boggs' A Comparative Survey of the Folktales of Ten Peoples, Spain also had a large number of animal tales, pointing out the "marked interest in such tales in Spain and in Spanish America"; however, he indicates that Boggs' study showed Spain with a much lower percent of magic tales. After several such comparisons showing very close similarities as well as almost-opposite differences, he concluded that the index-analysis should be conducted for the other Spanish-speaking parts of the Americas before any explicit conclusions can be made about folktales in Latin America. Whether or not Latin American folktales should be compared to Spanish folktales as if they were a subcategory was not mentioned in the article; however, with differences in religion, tradition, history and other such elements that can turn a story into an entirely new direction, it is possible that folklorists will regard Latin American tales unique to Spanish tales in the future.

External links

Spanish folk tales

Cuentos Infantiles - Latin America Children Stories

References

  1. ^ Espinosa, Aurelio M., A Folk-Lore Expedition to Spain, The Journal of American Folklore 34 (Apr 1921): 127-142
  2. ^ Read, Kay Almere, and Jason J. Gonzalez, Mesoamerican Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Heroes, Rituals, and Beliefs of Mexico and Central America, Oxford University Press, 2000
  3. ^ Hansen, Terrence L., The Distribution and Relative Frequency of Folktale Types in Spanish South America, The Journal of American Folklore 68 (Jan 1955): 90-93

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cuento — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El cuento es una narración breve de hechos imaginarios o reales, protagonizada por un grupo reducido de personajes y con un argumento sencillo. Contenido 1 Cuento popular y cuento literario 2 Partes del cuento 3 …   Wikipedia Español

  • cuento — sustantivo masculino 1. Uso/registro: literario. Breve narración de hechos fantásticos o ficticios y de carácter sencillo con intenciones moralizadoras y de divertir: El cuento de Pulgarcito es realmente cruel. Los cuentos de hadas gustan mucho a …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Cuento — I (Del lat. computus, cuenta.) ► sustantivo masculino 1 LITERATURA Obra literaria breve que narra hechos ficticios: ■ le explicó el cuento de Caperucita. SINÓNIMO historieta relato 2 Narración de un suceso: ■ no se fue hasta que acabó con el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • cuento — cuento1 (Del lat. compŭtus, cuenta). 1. m. Relato, generalmente indiscreto, de un suceso. 2. Relación, de palabra o por escrito, de un suceso falso o de pura invención. 3. Narración breve de ficción. 4. cómputo. El cuento de los años. 5. Embuste …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • cuento — s. historia para timar a alguien. ❙ «Grupos de entre dos y cuatro personas ponen en escena el cuento y sorprenden al listo...» Manuel Giménez, Antología del timo. 2. casa de cuento ► casa, ► casa de cuento. 3. cuento chino s. mentira, embuste. ❙… …   Diccionario del Argot "El Sohez"

  • cuento — {{#}}{{LM C11209}}{{〓}} {{SynC11476}} {{[}}cuento{{]}} ‹cuen·to› {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} {{<}}1{{>}} Narración breve de sucesos ficticios, especialmente la que va dirigida a los niños: • En los cuentos de hadas, la historia siempre tiene un final… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • cuento — 1. mentira; engaño; embauque; labia; palabrería; cf. chiva, carril, pomada, culebra, chamullo, cuentear, cuentero; ya estoy cansada de tus cuentos, Manuel; tú andas con otra mina y no te atreves a decírmelo , ya nadie les cree los cuentos a los… …   Diccionario de chileno actual

  • cuento — s m 1 Narración corta de una historia: cuento de hadas, cuento de fantasmas, un libro de cuentos 2 Narración corta y cómica: cuentos de Pepito 3 Dicho falso, mentira o chisme: ¡Esos son puros cuentos: no es cierto! 4 Cuaderno con dibujos y texto… …   Español en México

  • cuento — (m) (Básico) narración breve con personajes fantásticos y fines didácticos, dirigida especialmente a los niños Ejemplos: Los cuentos, ya que son para niños, siempre tienen un final feliz. La Cenicienta es mi cuento favorito. Colocaciones: cuento… …   Español Extremo Basic and Intermediate

  • cuento — sustantivo masculino 1) fábula, conseja, patraña, historieta. 2) relato, narración*. 3) chisme, habladuría*, embuste, enredo, chispazo …   Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos


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