Ida Saxton McKinley


Ida Saxton McKinley

Infobox First Lady
name = Ida Saxton McKinley


image_size =
birth_date = birth date|mf=yes|1847|6|8
birth_place = Canton, Ohio
death_date = death date and age|mf=yes|1907|5|26|1847|6|8
death_place = Canton, Ohio
death_cause =
resting_place =
occupation = First Lady of the United States
office1=First Lady of the United States
term_start1= March 4, 1897
term_end1= September 14, 1901
predecessor1= Frances Cleveland
successor1= Edith Roosevelt
boards =
religion =
spouse = William McKinley
children = Katherine, Ida

Ida Saxton McKinley (June 8, 1847 – May 26, 1907), wife of William McKinley, was First Lady of the United States from 1897 to 1901.

She was born in Canton, Ohio, the elder daughter of a prominent, well-to-do family. James A. Saxton, a banker, educated his daughters in local schools and a finishing school, and then sent them to Europe.

She met McKinley in 1867, and they soon married. A daughter, Katherine, named after Saxton's mother, Katherine Dewalt Saxton (1827-1873), was born on Christmas Day, 1871, but died June 25, 1875, of typhoid fever. A second daughter, named Ida after her own mother, was born April 1, 1873, but died on August 22, 1873, of phlebitis and epileptic seizure.

At the White House, the McKinleys acted as if her health were no great handicap to her role as First Lady. Second Lady Jennie Tuttle Hobart would often fill in for her. She received guests at formal receptions seated in a blue velvet chair. Contrary to protocol, she was seated beside the President at state dinners and he, as always, kept close watch for signs of an impending seizure. If necessary, he would cover her face with a large handkerchief for a moment. Guests were discreet and newspapers were silent on the subject of her "fainting spells." Only in recent years have the facts of her health been revealed.

After the President was shot by an assassin named Leon Czolgosz in Buffalo, New York in September 1901, he murmured to his secretary: "My wife — be careful, Cortelyou, how you tell her — oh, be careful." Following the President's death and his state funeral held in Washington, Mrs. KcKinley moved back to Canton and was cared for by her younger sister. She received condolences on her husband's assassination from around the world. The former First Lady visited her husband's grave almost daily. She died in 1907 at age 59, and lies entombed in a granite sarcophagus beside the President and near their two little daughters in Canton's McKinley Memorial Mausoleum.

Legacy

Ida's childhood home, the Saxton House, has been preserved on Market Avenue in Canton. In addition to growing up in the house, she and her husband also lived there from 1878 - 1891, the period during which the future President McKinley served as one of Ohio's Congressional Representatives. The house was restored to its Victorian splendor and became part of the First Ladies National Historic Site at its dedication in 1998.

References

*"Original text based on [http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/firstladies/im25.html White House biography] "

External links

* [http://www.firstladies.org/biographies/firstladies.aspx?biography=25 Ida Mckinley - National First Ladies' Library]


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