Agnes Baden-Powell


Agnes Baden-Powell

Agnes Smyth Baden-Powell (16 December 1858 – 2 June 1945) was the younger sister of Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, and was most noted for her work in establishing the Girl Guide movement as a female counterpart to her older brother's Scouting Movement.

Early life

Agnes was born "Agnes Smyth Powell" into a family of ten children, being the ninth child and the third daughter. Her father, the Reverend Baden Powell, was the Savilian Chair of Geometry at the University of Oxford.

Her mother, Henrietta Grace Smyth, was the third wife of Rev. Baden Powell (the previous two having died), and was a gifted musician and artist.

When Agnes was only two years of age, the Reverend Baden Powell died. In order to honour him after his death, the family added Baden to their names and have since been known as Baden-Powell.

This left the family under the firm control of Henrietta, who was determined to instil in her children a desire to succeed. As Agnes' brother, Robert, has been quoted "The whole secret of my getting on lay with my mother."cite book | first = Tim | last = Jeal | authorlink = Tim Jeal | title = Baden-Powell | publisher = Hutchinson | year = 1989 | pages = 79, 82, 86, 145-146, 155, 347-352, 427 ]

Agnes went on to become an accomplished musician, playing the organ, piano and violin. She also had many varied interests, including natural history and astronomy, and kept bees at her home.

The Guide Movement

Following the creation of the Boy Scout Association, Robert Baden-Powell organised a gathering of Scouts at the Crystal Palace in London in 1909. He was mildly surprised to see a significant number of self-styled "Girl Scouts" who sought to imitate their brothers and join in with the Scouting phenomenon.

Popular opinion at this time was prejudice against girls in Guiding, fearing it would make them immodest, impolite tomboys. Agnes Baden-Powell's character was useful in counteracting these opinions. A friend wrote of her:

Anyone who had come into touch with her gentle influence, her interest in all womanly arts, and her love of birds, insects, and flowers, would scoff at the idea of her being the president of a sort of Amazon Cadet Corps.cite book| last =Kerr | first =Rose | title =Story of the Girl Guides 1908-1938 | publisher =Girl Guides Association | date =1976 | location =London]

In 1909, Agnes and Robert together published "Pamphlet A: Baden-Powell Girl Guides, a Suggestion for Character Training for Girls" and "Pamphlet B: Baden-Powell Girl Guides, a Suggestion for Character Training for Girls".cite web | title = Fact Sheet - The Three Baden-Powells: Robert, Agnes and Olave | publisher = Girl Guides of Canada Guides du Canada| url = http://www.girlguides.ca/media/pdfs/14-3/14.3.1.7.pdf| accessdate = 2006-09-28 ] These were precursors to the handbook.

By April, 1910, there were 6,000 young girls registered as Girl Guides.

In 1912, Agnes brought about the formation of the 1st Lone Company and was the de facto President of The Girl Guide Association.

During this time, Agnes and Robert collaborated on the Guides' first handbook. Entitled "The Handbook for the Girl Guides or How Girls Can Help to Build Up the Empire ", and published in 1912, it was a reworking of the Scouting for Boys book written by Robert several years earlier. It is often referred to simply as "How Girls Can Help To Build Up the Empire".

The Girl Guide Movement was given official recognition in 1915, and Agnes was made the actual President at the same time.

In 1920, Agnes resigned from the Presidency in favour of Princess Mary, who was also a keen supporter of the Girl Guides.

Agnes continued in her role as Vice-President until her death in June, 1945, at the age of 86.

ee also

*Girl Guides
*Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

References

External links

* [http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Bluffs/3965/agnesbp.html Short biography of Agnes Baden-Powell]
* [http://www.saltdeanbrownies.co.uk/AWP/activelst.asp?id=7&cat=3 More information Girl Guides and Agnes Baden-Powell]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Agnes Baden-Powell — Agnes Smyth Baden Powell Nacimiento 16 de diciembre de 1858 Inglaterra …   Wikipedia Español

  • Agnes Baden-Powell — Agnès Baden Powell Agnès Baden Powell (1858 juin 1945) est la sœur cadette de Lord Baden Powell. Elle aida celui ci à fonder les Girl Scouts, pendant féminin des Boy Scouts, en 1910. Elle fut présidente des Girl Guides (les guides britanniques)… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agnès Baden-Powell — (1858 juin 1945) est la sœur cadette de Lord Baden Powell. Elle aida celui ci à fonder les Girl Scouts, pendant féminin des Boy Scouts, en 1910. Elle fut présidente des Girl Guides (les guides britanniques) jusqu en 1917, date à laquelle la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agnes Baden-Powell — Agnes „Azzie“ Baden Powell (* 16. Dezember 1858; † 2. Juni 1945) war die erste Weltführerin der Pfadfinderinnen nach deren Gründung im Jahr 1910. Sie war die Schwester von Robert Baden Powell, dem Gründer der weltweiten Pfadfinderbewegung, und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baden Powell (disambiguation) — Baden Powell may refer to:*Robert Baden Powell, 1st Baron Baden Powell, hero of Mafeking and founder of the Scout movement *Agnes Baden Powell, his younger sister, noted for her work in establishing the Girl Guides movement *Warington Baden… …   Wikipedia

  • Baden-Powell — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Baden Powell de Aquino (1937 2000), guitariste et compositeur brésilien ; Lord Robert Baden Powell (1857 1941), fondateur du scoutisme ; Agnès… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baden-Powell —   [ beɪdn pəʊel], Robert Stephenson Smyth, Baron (seit 1929), britischer General, * London 22. 2. 1857, ✝ Nyeri (Kenia) 8. 1. 1941; nahm am Burenkrieg teil, wo er durch die Verteidigung der südafrikanischen Stadt Mafeking (heute Mafikeng) 1899… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Baden Powell (mathematician) — Infobox Scientist name = Baden Powell box width = image width = caption = birth date = birth date|1796|08|22 birth place = death date = death date and age|1860|06|11|1796|08|22 death place = Kensington, London, England residence = citizenship =… …   Wikipedia

  • Baden Powell — Den Namen Baden Powell tragen: Robert Baden Powell (1857–1941), Gründer der Pfadfinderbewegung Agnes Baden Powell (1858–1945), 1. Weltführerin der Pfadfinderinnen, Schwester Roberts Olave Baden Powell (1889–1977), 2. Weltführerin der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baden-Powell — Den Namen Baden Powell tragen: Robert Baden Powell (1857–1941), Gründer der Pfadfinderbewegung Agnes Baden Powell (1858–1945), 1. Weltführerin der Pfadfinderinnen, Schwester Roberts Olave Baden Powell (1889–1977), 2. Weltführerin der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.