Hariphunchai


Hariphunchai

Hariphunchai (or Haribhunjaya)(Pali: Haripunjaya) was a Mon kingdom in the north of present Thailand in the centuries before the Thais moved into the area. Its capital was at Lamphun, which at the time was also called Hariphunchai. In 1292 the city was besieged and captured by the Thai kingdom of Lanna.

Founding

According to the "Camadevivamsa" and "Jinakalamali" chronicles, the city was founded by a hermit named Suthep in 661 AD, and the Mon ruler of Lopburi sent his daughter Jamadevi to become its first queen. However, this date is now considered as too early, and the actual beginning is placed at around 750 AD. At that time, most of what is now central Thailand was under the rule of various Mon city states, known collectively as the Dvaravati kingdom. Queen Jamadevi gave birth to twins, the older succeeding her as the ruler of Lamphun, and the younger becoming ruler of neighboring Lampang.

Flourishing and downfall

The chronicles say that the Khmer unsuccessfully besieged Hariphunchai several times during the 11th century. It is not clear if the chronicles describe actual or legendary events, but the other Dvaravati Mon kingdoms did in fact fall to the Khmers at this time. The early 13th century was a golden time for Hariphunchai, as the chronicles talk only about religious activities or constructing buildings, not about wars. Nevertheless, Hariphunchai was besieged in 1292 by the Thai king Mengrai, who incorporated it into his Lannathai kingdom.

List of rulers

Names of monarchs of the Hariphunchai kingdom according to Tamnan Hariphunchai ("History of Kingdom of Hariphunchai"):

#Queen Jamadevi
#Hanayos
#Kumanjaraj
#Rudantra
#Sonamanjusaka
#Samsara
#Padumaraj
#Kusadeva
#Nokaraj
#Dasaraj
#Gutta
#Sera
#Yuvaraj
#Brahmtarayo
#Muksa
#Traphaka
#Uchitajakraphad king of Lavo
#Kampol
#Jakaphadiraj, King of Atikuyaburi
#Vasudev
#Yeyyala
#Maharaj, King of Lampang
#Sela
#Kanjana
#Chilanka
#Phunthula
#Ditta
#Chettharaj
#Jeyakaraj
#Phatijjaraj
#Thamikaraj
#Ratharaj
#Saphasith
#Chettharaj
#Jeyakaraj
#Datvanyaraj
#Ganga
#Siribun
#Uthen
#Phanton
#Atana
#Havam
#Trangal
#Yotta
#Yip

References

Swearer, Donald K. and Sommai Premchit. The Legend of Queen Cama: Bodhiramsi's Camadevivamsa, a Translation and Commentary. New York: State University of New York Press, 1998.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hariphunchai — (Thai หริภุญไชย, auch Haripunchai, Haribhunjaya) war ein Königreich der Mon in Nord Thailand während der Zeit vor der Einwanderung der Thai. Die alte Hauptstadt von Hariphunchai war Lamphun, das in jener Zeit ebenfalls Hariphunchai hieß. Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wat Phrathat Hariphunchai — Vihan Luang und Chedi des Wat Phrathat Hariphunchai Wat Phrathat Hariphunchai (vollständiger Name: Wat Phrathat Hariphunchai Woramahaviharn, Thai: วัดพระธาตุหริภุญชัยวรมหาวิหาร − etwa: Kloster der heiligen Reliquie von Hariphunchai) ist ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haribhunjaya — Hariphunchai (Thai หริภุญไชย, auch Haripunchai, Haribhunjaya) war ein Königreich der Mon in Nord Thailand während der Zeit vor der Einwanderung der Thai. Die alte Hauptstadt von Hariphunchai war Lamphun, das in jener Zeit ebenfalls Hariphunchai… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haripunchai — Hariphunchai (Thai หริภุญไชย, auch Haripunchai, Haribhunjaya) war ein Königreich der Mon in Nord Thailand während der Zeit vor der Einwanderung der Thai. Die alte Hauptstadt von Hariphunchai war Lamphun, das in jener Zeit ebenfalls Hariphunchai… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wat Phra That Haripunchai — Vihan Luang und Chedi des Wat Phrathat Hariphunchai Wat Phrathat Hariphunchai (vollständiger Name: Wat Phrathat Hariphunchai Woramahaviharn, Thai: วัดพระธาตุหริภุญชัยวรมหาวิหาร − etwa: Kloster der heiligen Reliquie von Hariphunchai) ist ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wat Phrathat Haripunchai — Vihan Luang und Chedi des Wat Phrathat Hariphunchai Wat Phrathat Hariphunchai (vollständiger Name: Wat Phrathat Hariphunchai Woramahaviharn, Thai: วัดพระธาตุหริภุญชัยวรมหาวิหาร − etwa: Kloster der heiligen Reliquie von Hariphunchai) ist ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haripunchai — อาณาจักรหริภุญชัย (th) 661 – 1292 L Asie du Sud Est au XIe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • TH-51 — Lamphun ลำพูน Statistik Hauptstadt: Lamphun Tel.vorwahl: 053 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lamphun Province — Infobox Thai Province name = Lamphun thai = ลำพูน capital = Lamphun town area = 4,505.9 arearank = 49th population = 413,299 population as of = 2000 populationrank = 60th density = 92 densityrank = 48th isocode = TH 51 governor = Udom Phuasakun… …   Wikipedia

  • Chamadevi — Dvaravati „Stufenpyramide“ im Wat Chamadevi, Lamphun Phra Nang Chamadevi (Thai: พระนางจามเทวี; 6./7. Jahrhundert) ist eine wohl historische Herrscherin von Hariphunchai (Dvaravati), einem alten südostasiatischen Reich der Mon im heutigen Nord… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.