- Feminist philosophy
Feminist philosophy refers to
philosophyapproached from a feministperspective. Feminist philosophy involves both attempts to use the methods of philosophy to further the cause of the feminist movements, and attempts to criticise or re-evaluate the ideas of traditional philosophy from within a feminist framework. Gatens, M., "Feminism and Philosophy: Perspectives on Difference and Equality" (Indiana University Press, 1991)]
There is no one school of feminist philosophy: feminist philosophers, as philosophers, are found in both the analytic and Continental traditions, and the myriad different viewpoints taken on philosophical issues within those traditions; and feminist philosophers, as feminists, are found belonging to the many different varieties of feminism.
Feminism has provided a new perspective to many traditional problems of philosophy. For example, feminist
epistemologistshave challenged traditional ideas of how we know things and of rationality, by arguing that these traditional philosophical ideas are based on male assumptions and perspectives and ignore women's voices. Some feminists have also particularly attacked the aggressive argumentative style of traditional philosophy as being male-focused and patriarchalin nature. However, other feminists have defended the traditional philosophical method, arguing that the aggressiveness of traditional philosophy can be used to feminist ends. Some feminists have criticised other feminists for attacking traditional philosophy as aggressive, on the grounds that aggressionis a valid female trait, and that feminists should not seek to repeat traditional sex roles which say women can't be aggressive (much less intellectually so).
(*) - Critics of feminist philosophy are not generally critics of feminism as a political or cultural movement; only the technical philosophic positions put forth under the title "feminist philosophy".
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