16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China


16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China

The 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (zh-stp|s=中国共产党第十六次全国代表大会|t=中國共產黨第十六次全國代表大會|p=Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Dìshílìucì Quánguó Dàibiǎo Dàhuì; abbreviated "Shílìu-dà" [十六大] ) was held in Beijing between November 8-14, 2002. 2,114 delegates and 40 specially invited delegates elected a 356-member 16th CPC Central Committee, as well as a 121-member Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI). The Congress marked the nominal transition of power between Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao, who replaced Jiang as General Secretary, and a newly expanded Politburo Standing Committee line-up. The institutional transition would be completed in state organs by the 2003 National People's Congress in March. Jiang, however, remained head of the Central Military Commission, therefore in practice, the power transition was not complete.

The Party National Congress examined and adopted the amendment to the Constitution of the Communist Party of China proposed by the 15th CPC Central Committee, and decided to come into force as from the date of its adoption. An amendment to the Constitution was approved the Party National Congress, with Jiang Zemin's signature ideology of "Three Represents" written into it.

Members of the Party Central Committee

The 16th CPC Central Committee is composed of 198 full members and 158 alternate members, as well as a 121-member Central Commission for Discipline Inspection.

* The Party General Secretary: Hu Jintao (Nov. 15, 2002, the first plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee)
** Central Committee Secretariat: Zeng Qinghong, Liu Yunshan, Zhou Yongkang, He Guoqiang, Wang Gang, Xu Caihou and He Yong
* 16th CPC Politburo Standing Committee: Hu Jintao, Wu Bangguo, Wen Jiabao, Jia Qinglin, Zeng Qinghong, Huang Ju, Wu Guanzheng, Li Changchun and Luo Gan
* 16th CPC Politburo: Wang Lequan, Wang Zhaoguo, Hui Liangyu (Hui), Liu Qi, Liu Yunshan, Li Changchun, Wu Yi (female), Wu Bangguo, Wu Guanzheng, Zhang Lichang, Zhang Dejiang, Chen Liangyu, Luo Gan, Zhou Yongkang, Hu Jintao, Yu Zhengsheng, He Guoqiang, Jia Qinglin, Guo Boxiong, Huang Ju, Cao Gangchuan, Zeng Qinghong, Zeng Peiyan, Wen Jiabao
* The Central Military Commission
** Chairman of the Commission: Jiang Zemin
** vice chairmen of the commission: Hu Jintao, Guo Boxiong and Cao Gangchuan
** members of the commission: Xu Caihou, Liang Guanglie, Liao Xilong and Li Jinai
* The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI)
** secretary of the CCDI: Wu Guanzheng
** deputy secretaries of the CCDI: He Yong, Xia Zanzhong, Li Zhilun, Zhang Shutian, Liu Xirong, Zhang Huixin and Liu Fengyan

Inner party democracy

Out of the nearly 200 Central Committee that was elected by the Congress, it is possible to judge from the number of votes cast in favour the delegates who lacked support in the party. Huang Ju, who was made Vice-Premier in 2003, had the least votes in favour, with more than 300 delegates voting against him. Others in the bottom seven, in order from least popular, were Li Changchun (CPC propaganda chief), Zhang Gaoli (then Shandong Party Chief), Jia Qinglin (CPPCC Chairman), Xi Jinping (then Zhejiang Party chief), Li Yizhong, and Chen Zhili (made State Councilor). Shanghai party chief Chen Liangyu ranked tenth from last, while Beijing party chief Liu Qi ranked twelfth from last. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/simp/hi/newsid_6160000/newsid_6166600/6166646.stm Inner Party Democracy: BBC] ] The trend seems to reflect that many Politburo Standing Committee members were extremely unpopular within the party, and that their subsequent positioning is the result of power bargaining between top leaders alone, and not a collective decision by the party.Or|date=August 2008

ee also

* Politics of the People's Republic of China
* Open letter to the Sixteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China

References

External links

* [http://news.xinhuanet.com/forum/2006-10/11/content_5188636.htm Report from the 6th Plenum of the 16th CPC Congress]


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