Artois


Artois

.

Location

Artois occupies the interior of the Pas-de-Calais "département", the western part of which constitutes the former Boulonnais. Artois roughly corresponds to the arrondissements of Arras, Béthune, Saint Omer, and Lens, and the eastern part of the Arrondissement of Montreuil. It occupies the western end of the coalfield which stretches eastward through the neighbouring Nord "département" and across central Belgium.

History

Originally a feudal county itself, Artois was annexed by the county of Flanders. It came to France in 1180 as a dowry of a Flemish princess and was again made a separate county in 1237 for a grandson of that princess. Through inheritance, Artois came under the rule of the dukes of Burgundy in 1384. At the death of the fourth duke, Charles the Bold, Artois was inherited by the Habsburgs and passed to the dynasty's spanish line. After the religious revolts of 1566 in the Netherlands, Artois briefly entered the Dutch Revolt in 1576, participating in the Pacification of Ghent until it formed the Union of Atrecht in 1579. After the Union of Atrecht, Artois and Hainaut (Dutch: "Henegouwen") reached a separate agreement with Philip II. Artois remained with the Spanish Netherlands until it was conquered by the French during the Thirty Years War. The annexation was acknowledged during the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659, and it became a French province. Though Artois had already been largely French-speaking, it was considered part of the Netherlands until the French annexation.

Artois experienced rapid industrial development during the second half of the 19th century, fueled by its rich coal resources. During World War I the front line between the opposing German and Allied armies in France ran through the province, resulting in enormous physical damage. Since the latter half of the 20th century Artois has suffered along with similar areas because of the decline of the coal industry.

Notable residents

*Pierre-Charles Le Sueur, (c.1657-c.1705), born in Artois, noted explorer and trader. cite book | title = Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896 | publisher = Marquis Who's Who | location=Chicago | year = 1963]
*Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794), French revolutionary leader, born in Arras

References

ee also

* Communauté d'agglomération de l'Artois
* Battle of Artois
* County of Artois
* Weald-Artois Anticline, a ridge that connected continental Europe and Britain until 225,000 years ago


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Artois — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bandera del antiguo Condado de Artois …   Wikipedia Español

  • ARTOIS — Ancienne province du nord de la France, correspondant à la majeure partie du département du Pas de Calais, l’Artois forme un seuil entre deux régions bien individualisées: au sud la Picardie, au nord la plaine des Flandres qu’il englobe en partie …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Artois —   [ar twa] das oder der, Landschaft und ehemalige Grafschaft in Nordfrankreich, mit der Hauptstadt Arras, umfasst etwa das Gebiet des heutigen Départements Pas de Calais. Das Artois ist eine flachwellige, nach Süden leicht abgedachte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Artois — (spr. Artoah), Grafschaft in Frankreich, Theil von WFlandern, zwischen Flandern, Picardie u. Champagne; gehört jetzt zu den Departements Nord u. Pas de Calais; Hptst. Arras. A., so genannt nach den Atrebatern, deren Sitz das jetzige A. war, gab… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Artois — (spr. artŭa, deutsch Atrecht), ehemalige Provinz (Grafschaft) im nordwestlichen Frankreich, gehört jetzt größtenteils zum Depart. Pas de Calais (s. d.). Hauptstadt ist Arras. – A., das Land der Atrebaten, wurde erst von den Römern, im 5. Jahrh.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Artois — (spr. artŏá), früher unter dem Titel einer Grafschaft Provinz des nordwestl. Frankreichs (etwa dem Dep. Pas de Calais entsprechend); Hauptstadt Arras. Karl X. führte als Prinz den Titel Graf von A …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Artois — Artois, im alten Frankreich Grafsch. und Prov., so ziemlich das jetzige Depart. Pas de Calais und ein Theil des Depart. de Somme, mit der Hauptstadt Arras. A. gehörte zuerst zu Westflandern, kam 1180 durch Heirath an Philipp August von Frankreich …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • artois — ARTOIS, Païs en Picardie, Regio inter Belgas, quasi Arratois, nom derivé de Arras, Atrebates, nunc vulgo Arteia …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Artois — [är twä′] historical region of N France, on the Strait of Dover …   English World dictionary

  • Artois — 50°30′N 2°30′E / 50.5, 2.5 …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.