- Lough Neagh
lake_name = Lough Neagh
image_lake = Wfm lough neagh.jpg
caption_lake = NASA Landsat image
location = Northern Ireland
coords = coord|54|37|06|N|6|23|43|W|region:GB_type:waterbody|display=inline,title
catchment = 4550 km²
basin_countries = United Kingdom (91%) Republic of Ireland (9%)
length = 30 km
width = 21 km
area = 388 km²
depth = 9 m
max-depth = 25 m
islands = Coney Island,
Coney Island Flat, Croaghan Flat, Derrywarragh Island, Padian, Ram's Island, Phil Roe's Flatand The Shallow Flat
Lough Neagh (pronEng|ˌlɒx ˈneɪ, irish place name|Loch nEathach|Lake of Eochaidh, [Deirdre Flanagan and Laurance Flanagan, Irish Placenames, (Gill & Macmillan Ltd, 1994)] pronounced|ɫ̪ɔx ˈn̠ʲahax) is a freshwater
lakein Northern Ireland. With an area of 392 square kilometres(151 square miles), it is the largest lake in the British Isles[http://www.discoverloughneagh.com/] [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/407391/Lough-Neagh] and ranks among the forty largest lakes of Europe. Located twenty miles (30 km) to the west of Belfast, it is approximately twenty miles (30 km) long and nine miles (15 km) wide with an area of 392 square kilometres(151 square miles). It is very shallow around the margins and the average depth in the main body of the lake is about 9 m (30 ft); although at its deepest the lough is about 25 metres (80 ft) deep.
Of the 4550 km² catchment area, around 9% lies in the Republic of Ireland and 91% in Northern Ireland; [ [http://www.ecn.ac.uk/sites/ecnsites.asp?site=L16 Environmental Change Network] ] altogether 43% of the land area of Northern Ireland is drained into the lough, [ [http://www.riversagencyni.gov.uk/index/rivers-in-northern-ireland/river-and-lough-levels/rivers-river-and-lough-level-maintenance/rivers-lough-neagh-water-level-maintenance.htm Northern Ireland Rivers Agency] ] which itself flows out northwards to the sea via the
River Bann. As one of its sources is the Upper Bann, the Lough can itself be considered a part of the Bann.
Five of the six counties of Northern Ireland have shores on the Lough: Antrim, Armagh, Down, Londonderry and Tyrone. Towns and villages near the Lough include Antrim, Crumlin,
Randalstown, Toomebridge, Ballyronan, Ballinderry, Moortown, Ardboe, Maghery, Lurganand Magherafelt.
Although the Lough is used for a variety of recreational and commercial activities, it is exposed and tends to get extremely rough very quickly in windy conditions. It is also used as a source of fresh water by
Northern Ireland Water. Plans to increase the amount of water drawn from the Lough, through a new water treatmentworks at Hog Park Point, have long been planned but are yet to materialise.
Traditional working boats on Lough Neagh include wide-beamed 16–21 ft clinker-built, sprit-rigged working boats and smaller flat-bottomed "cots" and "flats". Barges, here called "lighters", were used up to the 1940s to transport coal over the lough and adjacent canals. Up to the 17th century, log boats ("coití") were the main means of transport, some of which are as old as 6,400 years. Few traditional boats are left now, but a community-based group on the southern shore of the lough is rebuilding a series of working boats. [ [http://www.loughneaghboats.org Lough Neagh Boating Heritage Association] ]
In the 19th century, three
canals were constructed, making use of the lough to link various ports and cities: the Lagan Navigationprovided a link from the city of Belfast, the Newry Canallinked to the port of Newry, and the Ulster Canalled to the Lough Ernenavigations, providing a navigable inland route via the River Shannonto Limerick, Dublinand Waterford. The Lower Bann was also navigable to Coleraineand the Antrim coast, and the short Coalisland Canalprovided a route for coal transportation. Of these waterways, only the Lower Bann remains open today, however a restoration plan for the Ulster Canal is currently in progress. Lough Neagh Rescueprovides a Search & Rescue service twenty-four hours a day. It is a voluntary service with funding being provided by the District Councils bordering the Lough, its members are highly trained and are a declared facility for the Marine Coastguard Agency who co-ordinate rescues on Lough Neagh Maritime and Coastguard Agency.Lough Neagh attracts bird watchers from many nations due to the number and variety of birds which winter and summer in the boglands and shores around the lough. Eel fishinghas been a major industry in Lough Neagh for centuries. Today Lough Neagh eel fisheries export their eels to restaurants all over the world.
There are a number of islands in the lough: Coney Island,
Coney Island Flat, Croaghan Flat, Derrywarragh Island, Padian, Ram's Island, Phil Roe's Flatand The Shallow Flat. ("Note: list incomplete)
Lough Neagh was widely assumed to be owned by the state, but in 2005 it publicly emerged that it is the ancestral property of the
Earl of Shaftesbury. This may have serious implications for planned changes to state-run domestic water services in Northern Ireland, as the lough supplies 40% of the region's drinking waterand is also used as a sewageoutfall (in a system only permissible through British Crownimmunity). [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/4563853.stm BBC NEWS | Northern Ireland | Sudden death may impact NI water ] ]
An old Irish story tells how the Lough was formed when Ireland's legendary giant
Fionn mac Cumhaill(Finn McCool) scooped up a portion of the land and tossed it at a Scottish rival. He missed, and the chunk of earth landed in the Irish Sea, thus creating the Isle of Man.
List of Irish lochs and loughs
List of lakes
* [http://www.discoverloughneagh.com Discover Lough Neagh ]
* [http://www.loughneaghrescue.co.uk Lough Neagh Rescue]
* [http://www.loughneaghboats.org Lough Neagh Boating Heritage Association]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/2785671.stm BBC News on pollution]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/4491127.stm BBC News on ownership of Lough Neagh]
* [http://www.oxfordisland.com Oxford Island National Nature Reserve]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Lough Neagh — Administration Pays Royaume Uni (Irlande du Nord) Géographie … Wikipédia en Français
Lough Neagh — [lɔk neɪ], größter See der Britischen Inseln, in Nordirland, 396 km2, im Allgemeinen nur 12 m tief; der See wird nach Norden durch den Bann entwässert … Universal-Lexikon
Lough Neagh — a lake in Northern Ireland west of Belfast, the largest lake in the UK … Dictionary of contemporary English
Lough Neagh — w1 Lough Neagh Satellitenbild von Lough Neagh, mit rot eingezeichneten Distriktgrenzen Geographische Lage Nordirland … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lough Neagh — Sp Nėjaus ẽžeras Ap Lough Neagh Sp Lòch Nėjus Ap Lough Neagh L Jungtinėje Karalystėje (Š. Airijoje) … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Lough Neagh — /nay/ a lake in E central Northern Ireland: largest freshwater lake in the British Isles. ab. 18 mi. (29 km) long and 11 mi. (18 km) wide. * * * … Universalium
Lough Neagh — /nay/ a lake in E central Northern Ireland: largest freshwater lake in the British Isles. ab. 18 mi. (29 km) long and 11 mi. (18 km) wide … Useful english dictionary
Lough Neagh Rescue — Lough Neagh Resuce is a Lifeboat service based on Lough Neagh in Northern Ireland. Lough Neagh Rescue provides a rescue service 24 hours a day, it is a voluntary service, but its members are dedicated and possess significant expertise. Rescues… … Wikipedia
Coney Island, Lough Neagh — Coordinates: 54°31′01″N 6°33′04″W / 54.517°N 6.551°W / 54.517; 6.551 … Wikipedia
Neagh — ➡ Lough Neagh. * * * … Universalium