1713


1713

Year 1713 (MDCCXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1713

January - June


* January 17 - Tuscarora War: Colonel James Moore leads the Carolina militia out of Albermarle County, North Carolina in a second offensive against the Tuscarora. Heavy snows force the troops to take refuge in Fort Reading on the Pamlico River.
* February 4 - Tuscarora War: The Carolina militia under Colonel James Moore leaves Fort Reading to continue the campaign against the Tuscarora.
* March 1 - Tuscarora War: Colonel James Moore's Carolina militia lays siege to the Tuscaroran stronghold of Fort Neoheroka, located a few miles up Contentnea Creek from Fort Hancock.
* March 20 - Tuscarora War: Colonel James Moore's Carolina militia launches a major offensive against Fort Neoheroka.
* March 23 - Tuscarora War: Fort Neoheroka falls to the Carolina militia, effectively ending the Tuscarora nation's military strength. Two Tuscaroran allies, the Machapunga and Coree tribes, continue offensive actions against North Carolina.
* April 11 - War of the Spanish Succession: Treaty of Utrecht.
* June 1 - Tuscarora War: Colonel James Moore leads the Carolina militia into the Pamlico Peninsula to defeat the Machapunga and Coree tribes. This date is approximate.
* June 23 - French residents of Acadia given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia Canada.

July - December


* September 1 - Tuscarora War: The Carolina militia led by Colonel James Moore returns to South Carolina after mixed success in the campaign against the Machapunga and Coree.

Undated

* The first Orrery is built by George Graham.
* Frederick William I of Prussia starts to rule.

Ongoing events

* Great Northern War (1700-1721).
* War of the Spanish Succession (1702-1713).
* Tuscarora War (1711 - 1715).

Births


* January 2 - Marie Dumesnil, French actress (d. 1803)
* March 15 - Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (d. 1762)
* March 21 - Francis Lewis, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1803)
* March 29 - John Ponsonby, Irish politician (d. 1789)
* April 10 - John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist (d. 1788)
* April 12 - Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer (d. 1796)
* April 21 - Louis, 4th duc de Noailles, Marshal of France (d. 1793)
* May 3 - Alexis Claude Clairault, French mathematician (d. 1765)
* May 6 - Charles Batteux, French philosopher (d. 1780)
* May 25 - John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1792)
* June 11 - Edward Capell, English critic (d. 1781)
* June 22 - Lord John Philip Sackville, English cricketer (d. 1765)
* July 22 - Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect (d. 1780)
* August 1 - Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1780)
* September 23 - King Ferdinand VI of Spain (d. 1759)
* October 5 - Denis Diderot, French philosopher and encyclopedist (d. 1784)
* October 7 - Granville Elliott, British military officer (d. 1759)
* October 8 - Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and Talmudist (d. 1793)
* October 13 - Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter (d. 1784)
* November 24 - Junipero Serra, Spanish Franciscan missionary (d. 1784)
* November 24 - Laurence Sterne, Irish writer (d. 1768)
* December 4 - Gasparo Gozzi, Italian critic and dramatist (d. 1786)
* December 9 - Evan Kalikow, Russian poet and novelist (d. 1754)Fact|date=May 2008
* December 15 - Welbore Ellis, 1st Baron Mendip, British statesman (d. 1802)

: "See also ."

Deaths


* January 8 - Arcangelo Corelli, Italian composer (b. 1653)
* January 11 - Pierre Jurieu, French Protestant leader (b. 1637)
* January 12 - John Vaughan, 3rd Earl of Carbery, Governor of Jamaica and President of the Royal Society (b. 1639)
* February 4 - Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician and philosopher (b. 1671)
* February 25 - King Friedrich I of Prussia (b. 1657)
* March 18 - Juraj Jánošík, the "Slovak Robin Hood" (executed)
* May 20 - Thomas Sprat, English minister (b. 1635)
* July 7 - Henry Compton, Bishop of Oxford and privy councillor (b. 1632)
* October 15 - Johann Michael Feuchtmayer the Elder, artist (b. 1666)
* October 20 - Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (b. 1652)
* November 7 - Elizabeth Barry, English actress (b. 1658)
* November 17 - Abraham van Riebeeck, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1653)
* December 14 - Thomas Rymer, English historian (b. 1641)
*"date unknown" - Thomas Ellwood, English religious writer (b. 1639)

: "See also ."


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