Maryborough, Queensland


Maryborough, Queensland
Maryborough
Queensland
MaryBorough CityHall.jpg
Maryborough City Hall, built in 1908, on Kent Street.
Maryborough is located in Queensland
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Maryborough
Population: 21,501[1]
Coordinates: 25°32′15″S 152°42′07″E / 25.5375°S 152.70194°E / -25.5375; 152.70194Coordinates: 25°32′15″S 152°42′07″E / 25.5375°S 152.70194°E / -25.5375; 152.70194
Elevation: 11.0 m (36 ft)
Time zone: AEST (UTC+10)
Location:
  • 256 km (159 mi) from Brisbane
  • 114 km (71 mi) from Bundaberg
LGA: Fraser Coast Region
State District: Maryborough
Federal Division: Wide Bay
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
26.9 °C
80 °F
15.3 °C
60 °F
1,155.6 mm
45.5 in

Maryborough (play /ˈmɛrəbərə/)[2] is a city located on the Mary River in South East Queensland, Australia, approximately 255 kilometres (160 mi) north of the state capital, Brisbane. The city is serviced by the Bruce Highway, and has a population of approximately 22,000 (2004). It is closely tied to its neighbour city Hervey Bay which is approximately 30 kilometres (20 mi) north-east. Together they form part of the area known as the Fraser Coast.

Contents

History

Maryborough was founded in 1847, was proclaimed a municipality in 1861, and became a city in 1905. During the 1800s, the city was a major port of entry to immigrants arriving in Queensland from all parts of the world. Over time the town has been a service town for many industries including gold mining, wool, timber, and sugar.[citation needed]

The town and river were named in 1847 after Lady Mary Lennox (1790–1847) the beloved wife of Sir Charles Augustus Fitzroy, then Governor of the colony of New South Wales. Lady Mary was killed in a coach accident very soon after, devastating Sir Charles.

Pneumonic Plague

Australia's only outbreak of pneumonic plague occurred in Maryborough in 1905. At the time Maryborough was Queensland's largest port — a reception centre for wool, meat, timber and other rural products. A freighter from Hong Kong, where plague was rampant, was in the port of Maryborough about the time that a wharf worker named Richard O'Connell took home some sacking from the wharf, for his children to sleep on. Subsequently, five of the seven O'Connell children, two nurses, and a neighbour died from the disease. Fortunately, there were no more cases but the ensuing fear, panic, and hysteria totally consumed the town, and a huge crowd gathered to witness the family’s house being burnt to the ground by Health officials. A memorial fountain was built in the grounds of the City Hall and dedicated to the nurses.[3]

Economy and industry

Maryborough's Post Office Hotel on Wharf Street, one of the city's many heritage buildings.

Tourism plays a significant part in the economy of the city today. Maryborough is the self-styled Heritage City of Queensland and holds heritage markets each Thursday. The city has many preserved 19th and 20th century buildings including the General Post Office and Customs House.

The main industrial company in the city today is EDI Rail, formerly Walkers Limited, a heavy engineering business which has built much of the rolling stock and locomotives for Queensland Rail and in past years was involved in shipbuilding. EDI, together with Bombardier Transportation, built and tested Transperth's relatively modern B-Series trains in Maryborough, which were launched in Perth in late 2004.

Maryborough's income also comes from numerous farming and station prospects in and around the city and has a healthy fishing industry. The city also has had traditional ties to the timber industry and is home to Hyne & Son one of the largest producers of natural timber products in Australia which has diverse operations along the eastern coastline[citation needed].

Maryborough was once a prominent centre of railway and tramway operations, including a branch to the wharf on the Mary River.[4][5]

See Maryborough West railway station for information on both railway stations in Maryborough.

Education

Primary

There are numerous primary schools in Maryborough. Some include: State

  • Albert State School
  • Maryborough Central State School
  • Maryborough West State School
  • Parke State School
  • Sunbury State School
  • Tinana State School
  • Granville State School
  • St Helens State School

Private

  • Riverside Christian College
  • St Mary's Primary School

Secondary

State High

Private

Tertiary

  • Wide Bay Institute of TAFE

Ecology

Maryborough's environment supports rare and endangered terrestrial and aquatic fauna including the Mary River Turtle.

Notable people

Maryborough is the birthplace of P.L.Travers, author of the Mary Poppins books. Her father managed a bank in the building where she was born. This is in the centre of town and still in use, no longer as a bank but as a sales office for a shed company. A life-size bronze statue of Mary Poppins, as P.L. Travers described her, complete with umbrella was erected outside the old bank premises in 2005. It is now one of Maryborough's most famous and photographed icons[citation needed].

Maryborough is also the birthplace of the late Mary Hansen of Stereolab, whose father Brendan Hansen represented Maryborough on the Maryborough City Council, Queensland State Parliament, and Federal Parliament.

Rugby league player Maurice Blair was born in Maryborough.

Former NBL player and now Basketball Australia CEO Larry Sengstock was also born here.

Former Ironman Grant Kenny was born in Maryborough in 1963.

It is also the birthplace of Brisbane Lions premiership ruckman Jamie Charman.

Queensland Chief Justice Paul de Jersey grew up in Maryborough, where his father was the headmaster of Albert State School.

Maryborough is the birthplace also of Olympic swimming medalists David Theile and Robert Cusack, both of whom were coached by another Maryborough Olympian, Arthur Cusack.

A number of Australian hockey representatives have come from Maryborough including Jenny Morris, John McBryde, Don McWatters, Mark Hagar, and Clover Maitland.

Sister city

Maryborough has one sister city, according to the Australian Sister Cities Association.

See also

References

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Maryborough (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=UCL337400&producttype=QuickStats&breadcrumb=PL&action=401. Retrieved 2009-04-24. 
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ Bauer and Wiles Memorial Fountain
  4. ^ Armstrong, J. "The Railways of Maryborough". Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin (August, 1966): 170–182. 
  5. ^ "The Maryborough Wharf Branch". Australian Railway History (September, 2007): 329–332;366–368. 

External links


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