- Green Mountain Boys
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name = Green Mountain Boys
caption = The Green Mountain Boys’ infantry flag was adopted as the flag of the Vermont Republic, and is still used by the
Vermont National Guard.
country = Former
command_structure = Vermont Militia
colors = Green, gold and blue
battles = Hubbardton and Bennington
Ethan Allen, Ira Allen, Seth Warner, and Benedict Arnold
anniversaries = The Green Mountain Boys were historically, the militia of the
Vermont Republic. Today it is the informal name of the Vermont National Guardwhich comprises the Vermont Army and Air National Guard.
The original "Green Mountain Boys" were
paramilitaryinfantry organized in Southwestern Vermontin the decade prior to the American Revolutionary War. They comprised settlers and land speculators who held New Hampshiretitles to lands between the Connecticut Riverand Lake Champlain, what is now modern Vermont. New Yorkwas given control of the area by a decision of the British crown and refused to respect the New Hampshire Grantsand town charters. Although a few towns with New York land titles, notably Brattleboro on the Connecticut River, supported the government in Albany, the vast majority of the settlers in the sparsely populated frontierregion rejected the authority of New York.
With several hundred members, the Green Mountain Boys effectively controlled the area where New Hampshire grants had been issued. They were led by
Ethan Allen, his brother Ira Allen, and their cousins Seth Warnerand Remember Baker. They were based at the Catamount Tavernin Bennington, only a short distance from the New York seat of government in Albany. By the 1770s, the Green Mountain Boys had become an armed military force and de factogovernment that prevented the Albany government from exercising its authority in the northeast portion of the Province of New York. New York authorities had standing warrants for the arrests of the leaders of the rebellious Vermonters, but were unable to exercise them. New York surveyors and other officials attempting to exercise their authority were prevented from doing so and in some cases were severely beaten.
American Revolutionary Warstarted in 1775, Ethan Allen and a force of his guerrillas, along with Massachusetts Colonel Benedict Arnold, marched up to Lake Champlain and captured the important military posts at Fort Ticonderoga, Fort Crown Point, Fort Ann, and the town of St. John ( Battle of Fort St. Jean) in Québec. The Green Mountain Boys later formed the basis of the Vermont militiawhich selected Seth Warner as its leader. Some of the Green Mountain Boys preferred to stick with Ethan Allen and were captured along with Allen in August 1775 in a bungled attack on the city of Montreal. A member of this unit was Congressman Matthew Lyon.
Vermont eventually declared itself an independent nation in January 1777, and organized a government based in Windsor. The army of the
Vermont Republicwas based upon the Green Mountain Boys. Although Vermont initially supported the American Revolutionary Warand sent troops to fight John Burgoyne's British invasion from Canadaat Hubbardton and Bennington in 1777, Vermont eventually adopted a more neutral stance and became a haven for deserters from both the British and colonial armies. George Washington, who had more than sufficient difficulties with the British, brushed off Congressional demands that he subdue Vermont. The "Vermont Army" version of the Green Mountain Boys faded away after Vermont joined the United Statesas the 14th U.S. statein 1791. They returned for the War of 1812, the Civil War, and later more formally as the Vermont National Guard.
Ethan Allen– militia leader (general)
Seth Warner– militia leader (colonel)
Ira Allen– militia leader, and the founder of The University of Vermont
Remember Baker– militia member (captain)
Ebenezer Allen– militia member (lieutenant)
Matthew Lyon– militia member (second lieutenant), and future congressman
* Thomas Rowley – militia member and spokesman, known as the “Bard of the Green Mountains” who “Set the Hills on Fire”
A remnant of a Green Mountain Boys flag, believed to belong to
John Stark, is owned by the Bennington Museum. It is one of the few regimental flags from the American Revolution that still exists. Although Stark was at the Battle of Benningtonand likely flew this flag, the battle has become more commonly associated with the Bennington flag, which is believed to be a 19th century banner. [Cooper, 30]
Vermont National Guard
Today, the Vermont National Guard, composed of the Vermont
Army National Guardand Vermont Air National Guardare collectively known as the "Green Mountain Boys", this despite the inclusion of women in both branches since the mid-twentieth century. Both units also use the original Green Mountain Boys battle flag as their banner.
Battle of Ticonderoga (1775)
* Cooper, Grace Rogers cite book |late=Cooper |first=Grace Rogers |title=Thirteen Star Flags |year=1973 |publisher=Smithsonian Institution Press Available [http://www.sil.si.edu/smithsoniancontributions/HistoryTechnology/pdf_hi/SSHT-0021.pdf online] (21.7 MB).
* [http://www.ethanallenhomestead.org/HISTORY/greenmountainboys.htm Ethan Allen History: Green Mountain Boys]
* [http://www.green-mountain-boy.com Novel: Memoir of a Green Mountain Boy]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Green Mountain Boys — Aktiv 24. Oktober 1764–1783 Land … Deutsch Wikipedia
Green Mountain Boys — (spr. Grihn Maunt n Boihs), eine Freischaar, die sich Anfang der siebenziger Jahre des 18. Jahrh. im Staate New Hampshire bildete, als die Streitigkeiten dieses Staates mit New York um den Besitz von Vermont ausbrachen; ihr Anführer war Ethan… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Green Mountain Boys — ☆ Green Mountain Boys n. the Vermont soldiers organized and led by Ethan Allen in the American Revolution … English World dictionary
Green Mountain Boys — the soldiers from Vermont in the American Revolution, originally organized by Ethan Allen around 1770 to oppose the territorial claims of New York. * * * ▪ United States history patriot militia in the American Revolution. The Green Mountain … Universalium
Green Mountain Boys — Drapeau des Green Mountain Boys. Les Green Mountain Boys sont une compagnie de milice formée dans les années 1760 dans la région située entre les provinces britanniques du New Hampshire et de New York, formant l actuel du Verm … Wikipédia en Français
Green Mountain Boys — the soldiers from Vermont in the American Revolution, originally organized by Ethan Allen around 1770 to oppose the territorial claims of New York. * * * Green Mountain Boys, a group of men in Vermont organized about 1770 to roust settlers from… … Useful english dictionary
Green Mountain Boys — Green′ Moun′tain Boys n. pl. amh. the soldiers from Vermont in the American Revolution, orig. organized by Ethan Allen in 1775 to oppose the territorial claims of New York … From formal English to slang
Green Mountain boys — прозвище жителей штата Вермонт … Словарь топонимов США
Flag of the Green Mountain Boys — The flag of the Green Mountain Boys began as a regimental flag used by the Green Mountain Boys. With the ratification of the Constitution of Vermont at Elijah West s Windsor Tavern in 1777, the flag was adopted by the new independent state of… … Wikipedia
green mountain boy — noun Usage: usually capitalized G&M Etymology: from Green Mountain Boys, a militia organized in Vermont during the American Revolution, from the Green Mountains, Vt. : a male Vermonter used as a nickname … Useful english dictionary