Nguyen Hai Than


Nguyen Hai Than

Nguyễn Hải Thần (Hán Tự: 阮海臣) (c.1869 – 1951)(a.k.a Vũ Hải Thu), born Nguyễn Văn Thắng in Dai Tu village, Thuong Tin district, Hà Ðông province was a leader of the Việt Nam Cách Mạng Ðồng Minh Hội and a political leader during the Vietnamese Revolution. In 1905, he left Vietnam to study at military academies first in Japan then in China as part of Phan Bội Châu's Ðông-Du Movement (Travel to the East).[1] In 1912, he joined Châu's Vietnam Restoration League (Việt Nam Quang Phục Hội) and became one of its representative in Kwangsi[2] and one of its most capable military leaders.[3]

After Châu's capture in 1925 that led to the league's demise, Thần and other revolutionaries in China founded the Việt Nam Cách Mạng Ðồng Minh Hội. A mild-tempered and thoughtful person, Thần was respected by many Chinese officials and overseas Vietnamese revolutionaries. His views were usually held in high regards.[4] Using his good relationship with Chiang Kai-shek, he lobbied for the release and pardon of Hồ Chí Minh when the latter was in jail waiting to be executed for "crimes against the French colonial government".

In September 1945, Hồ and the Communists seized the government from Emperor Bảo Đại and founded the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Thần briefly joined Hồ's coalition government that comprised several non-Communist party leaders. After Hồ signed a modus vivendi Marius Moutet (Minister of Overseas France and her Colonies), France was able to return to its former colony. The move bought Hồ precious time to deal with the non-communist military forces. As soon as the Chinese troops that had entered Vietnam to disarm the Japanese were replaced by French expeditionary forces, Hồ's Việt Minh attacked all non-communist bases in the country. Thần, who opposed Hồ's communist connections, fled to Nanjing, China where he remained until his death in 1951.[5]

References

  1. ^ *Hoang, van Dao; Huynh, Khue (2008). Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang, a contemporary history of a National Struggle: 1927-1954. Pittsburgh: RoseDog Books. ISBN 978-14-4349-9136-2. 
  2. ^ Phan Boi Chau(translated by Dao Trinh Nhat to Vietnamese from a Chinese script in the 1940's and reprinted in Australia in 1983) (1983) (in Vietnamesee). Nguc Trung Thu [Book written from jail]. Nha in Vi Nuoc. 
  3. ^ Chuong Thau (translated to Vietnamese from a Chinese script in 1950) (2008) (in Vietnamesee). Phan Boi Chau, Tu Phan [Phan Boi Chau, Self-Judgement]. Thanh Hóa. 
  4. ^ Hoang Van Dao (1970) (in Vietnamese). Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang [Vietnam Nationalist Party]. Tan Dan. 
  5. ^ Dommen, Arthur J. (2001). The Indochinese Experience of the French and the Americans: Nationalism and Communism in Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0253338549. 



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nguyen Hoang — Nguyễn Hoàng Nguyễn Hoàng, né en 1558 et mort en 1613, connu également sous le nom du seigneur Tien, dignitaire vietnamien et membre de la famille des Nguyễn. Sommaire 1 Jeunesse 2 Premier séjour à Thuan Hoa 3 Contre les Mac …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nguyên Hoang — Nguyễn Hoàng Nguyễn Hoàng, né en 1558 et mort en 1613, connu également sous le nom du seigneur Tien, dignitaire vietnamien et membre de la famille des Nguyễn. Sommaire 1 Jeunesse 2 Premier séjour à Thuan Hoa 3 Contre les Mac …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nguyễn Hoang — Nguyễn Hoàng Nguyễn Hoàng, né en 1558 et mort en 1613, connu également sous le nom du seigneur Tien, dignitaire vietnamien et membre de la famille des Nguyễn. Sommaire 1 Jeunesse 2 Premier séjour à Thuan Hoa 3 Contre les Mac …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nguyễn Hoàng — Nguyễn Hoàng, né en 1558 et mort en 1613, connu également sous le nom du seigneur Tien, dignitaire vietnamien et membre de la famille des Nguyễn. Sommaire 1 Jeunesse 2 Premier séjour à Thuan Hoa 3 Contre les Mac …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nguyen Cong Tru — Nguyễn Công Trứ (1778–1858), alias “Hi Văn”, lived in a village named Uy Viễn of Hà Tĩnh Province. He came up against a lot of obstacles in academic field in which he was really successful only when he reached the age of 42. Nguyễn Công Trứ held… …   Wikipedia

  • Nguyễn Quảng Tuân — Portrait c. 2003 Born 11 June 1925(1925 06 11) Bac Ninh Province, French Indochina Nationality Vietnamese Nguyễn Quảng Tuân ( …   Wikipedia

  • Nguyen Van Bay — Born 1937 near Saigon, French Indochina Allegiance Democratic Republic of Vietna …   Wikipedia

  • Nguyen Thi Huyen — In this Vietnamese name, the family name is Nguyễn, but is often simplified to Nguyen in English language text. According to Vietnamese custom, this person should properly be referred to by the given name Huyền. Nguyễn Thị Huyền Beauty pageant… …   Wikipedia

  • Nguyễn Thị Huyền — Pageant titleholder bio Born = 1976 title=Miss Vietnam 2004 Best interview award Miss VietNam 2004 Miss best skin Miss VietNam Top 15 Miss World 2004 photo = location= Hai Phong, Vietnam birthname= Nguyễn Thị Huyền height= 1,72 m measurements= 92 …   Wikipedia

  • Hai Phong — Infobox Settlement name = Hải Phòng official name = other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = Provincial city total type = motto = imagesize = 300px image caption = A street in Hai Phong flag size = image seal size = image shield =… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.