Earl of Crawford


Earl of Crawford

The title Earl of Crawford is one of the most ancient extant titles in the British Isles, having been created in the Peerage of Scotland for Sir David Lindsay in 1398.

The title has a very complex history. Crawford Castle, along with the title of Earl of Crawford, was given by Robert II to David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford. [See p.61, English translation of the Latin text of the Blaeu Atlas of Scotland, 1654 in the digital library of the National Library of Scotland at http://www.nls.uk/maps/atlas/blaeu/. According to the translator, the original text's reference to "James" Lindsay is a mistake for David Lindsay (Wikipedia disambiguation).]

The title descended to the first Earl's descendants without much incident, until the death of David Lindsay, 8th Earl of Crawford in 1542. The eighth Earl had a son, Alexander, commonly called the "Wicked Master", who frequently quarreled with his father and even tried to murder him. The Wicked Master was sentenced to death for his crime, and the eighth Earl conveyed his title to a cousin, also called David Lindsay, a descendant of the third Earl of Crawford, and excluded from the succession all of the Wicked Master's descendants. However, the ninth earl, although he had his own sons, named the Wicked Master's son David as his heir; thus, in 1558, at the ninth Earl's death, the earldom returned to the main branch of the family. The ninth Earl is frequently referred to as an interpolated Earl, as are the 17th-22nd Earls.

At the death of Ludovic Lindsay, 16th Earl of Crawford, the title was passed, despite senior heirs, to a cousin, John, who had already been created Earl of Lindsay. The earldoms of Crawford and Lindsay continued to be united until the twenty-second earl died unmarried in January 1808. The two earldoms then became dormant until the respective heirs could prove their claims to the titles. In 1843, James Lindsay, 7th Earl of Balcarres put forward his claim to the Earldom of Crawford; in 1848, the House of Lords allowed it. It was held that the seventh Earl's father, the sixth Earl, was the lawful successor to the earldom of Crawford (though he did not claim it); therefore, the sixth Earl of Balcarres was posthumously declared the twenty-third Earl of Crawford, and his son, the seventh Earl of Balcarres, became the twenty-fourth Earl of Crawford. Thereafter, these two earldoms have remained united.

The subsidiary titles associated with the Earl of Crawford and Balcarres are: "Lord Lindsay of Crawford" (created 1398), "Lord Lindsay and Balniel" (1651) and "Baron Wigan of Haigh Hall" (1826). The former two subsidiary titles, as well as the two Earldoms, are in the Peerage of Scotland. The Barony is in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. By virtue of the title of "Baron Wigan of Haigh Hall", the Earls of Crawford and Balcarres sat in the House of Lords until the passage of the Peerage Act 1963. The present Earl sits in the House of Lords as "Baron Balniel", a life peerage conferred on him in 1974 after he left the House of Commons and before the death of his father.

The Earl of Crawford is the hereditary Clan Chief of Clan Lindsay.

The family seat is Balcarres House in Colinsburgh, Fife.

Earls of Crawford (1398)

*David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford (d. 1407)
*Alexander Lindsay, 2nd Earl of Crawford (c. 1387-1438)
*David Lindsay, 3rd Earl of Crawford (d. 1445)
*Alexander Lindsay, 4th Earl of Crawford (d. 1453)
*David Lindsay, 1st Duke of Montrose (1440-1495)
*John Lindsay, 6th Earl of Crawford (d. c. 1513)
*Alexander Lindsay, 7th Earl of Crawford (d. 1517)
*David Lindsay, 8th Earl of Crawford (d. 1542)
*David Lindsay, 9th Earl of Crawford (d. 1558)
*David Lindsay, 10th Earl of Crawford (d. 1574)
*David Lindsay, 11th Earl of Crawford (c. 1547-1607)
*David Lindsay, 12th Earl of Crawford (d. 1621)
*Henry Lindsay, 13th Earl of Crawford (d. 1622)
*George Lindsay, 14th Earl of Crawford (d. 1633)
*Alexander Lindsay, 15th Earl of Crawford (d. 1639)
*Ludovic Lindsay, 16th Earl of Crawford (d. 1652)

Earls of Crawford (1642)

*John Lindsay, 17th Earl of Crawford (1st Earl of Lindsay) (c. 1598-1678) (descended from 1st Earl's uncle, received Earldom of Crawford under regrant of 1642)
*William Lindsay, 18th Earl of Crawford (2nd Earl of Lindsay) (1644–1698)
*John Lindsay, 19th Earl of Crawford (3rd Earl of Lindsay) (d. 1713)
*John Lindsay, 20th Earl of Crawford (4th Earl of Lindsay) (1702–1749)
*George Lindsay-Crawford, 21st Earl of Crawford (5th Earl of Lindsay, 4th Viscount of Garnock) (1723–1781)
*George Lindsay-Crawford, 22nd Earl of Crawford (6th Earl of Lindsay, 5th Viscount of Garnock) (1758–1808) (dormant 1808; last male line descendant of 1st Earl of Lindsay, Earldom of Lindsay passed(according to Lords decision in 1878) to a kinsman of 1st Earl of Lindsay and that of Crawford reverted to senior surviving line, as determined 1848)
*Alexander Lindsay, 23rd Earl of Crawford (6th Earl of Balcarres) (1752–1825) ("de jure"; descended from second son of 3rd Earl of Crawford)
*James Lindsay, 24th Earl of Crawford (7th Earl of Balcarres) (1783–1869) (revived 1848)
*Alexander Lindsay, 25th Earl of Crawford (8th Earl of Balcarres) (1812–1880)
*James Ludovic Lindsay, 26th Earl of Crawford (9th Earl of Balcarres) (1847–1913)
*David Alexander Edward Lindsay, 27th Earl of Crawford (10th Earl of Balcarres) (1871–1940)
*David Alexander Robert Lindsay, 28th Earl of Crawford (11th Earl of Balcarres) (1900–1975)
*Robert Alexander Lindsay, 29th Earl of Crawford (12th Earl of Balcarres) (b. 1927)

Heir Apparent: his son Anthony Robert Lindsay, Lord Balniel (b. 1958)
The Heir Apparent's heir apparent: his son The Hon. Alexander Thomas Lindsay (b. 1991)

Notes

ee also

*Clan Lindsay
*Earl of Lindsay
*Earl of Balcarres
*Viscount of Garnock
*Crawford Priory


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  • Earl of Crawford — ist einer der ältesten britischen erblicher Adelstitel. Er gehört zur Peerage of Scotland und wird von der Familie Lindsay getragen. Der Name bezieht sich auf Crawford Castle bei Crawford, South Lanarkshire in Schottland. Der jeweilige Earl ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • David Lindsay, 27th Earl of Crawford — The Right Honourable The Earl of Crawford KT PC, DL, FRS, FSA President of the Board of Agriculture …   Wikipedia

  • David Lindsay, 11th Earl of Crawford — (1547?–1607) was a Scottish nobleman. Life He was the eldest son of David Lindsay, 10th Earl of Crawford, by Margaret, daughter of Cardinal Beaton and Marion Ogilvy, and was born about 1547. He was one of five sons, the others being: Sir Henry… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Lindsay, 29th Earl of Crawford — Robert Alexander Lindsay, 29th Earl of Crawford and 12th Earl of Balcarres KT GCVO DL PC (born 5 March 1927), styled Lord Balniel between 1940 and 1975, is a Scottish hereditary peer and politician.The elder son of the 28th Earl of Crawford and… …   Wikipedia

  • David Lindsay, 3rd Earl of Crawford — (died 17 January 1446)[1] was a regent to James II of Scotland. He was a member of Clan Lindsay, a Scottish Lowland clan. At the Battle of Arbroath in 1445 the Clan Lindsay, led by the Master of Crawford, advanced with over 1000 men. Their enemy… …   Wikipedia

  • James Lindsay, 26th Earl of Crawford — James Ludovic Lindsay, 26th Earl of Crawford and 9th Earl of Balcarres (1847 ndash;1913) was a Victorian astronomer, politician, bibliophile and philatelist. A member of the Royal Society, Lindsay was elected president of the Royal Astronomical… …   Wikipedia

  • David Lindsay, 28th Earl of Crawford — David Alexander Robert Lindsay, 28th Earl of Crawford and 11th Earl of Balcarres, KT, GBE (20 November 1900 – 13 December 1975),[1] known as Lord Balniel from 1913 to 1940, was a British Unionist politician. Lindsay was the eldest son of the 27th …   Wikipedia

  • David Lindsay, 9th Earl of Crawford — (died 1558) was a Scottish peer and Member of Parliament. He married Catherine Campbell, daughter of Sir John Campbell of Lorn and they had a son, John Lindsay of Balcarres, Lord Menmuir. First known as David Lindsay of Edzell, he inherited the… …   Wikipedia

  • David Lindsay, 8th Earl of Crawford — (died 27 November 1542)[1] was the son of Alexander Lindsay, 7th Earl of Crawford. He was a member of Clan Lindsay, a Scottish Lowland clan.[2] Succession and penalty His son, Alexander Lindsay, Master of Crawford, the Wicked Master , tried to… …   Wikipedia

  • David Lindsay, 12th Earl of Crawford — David Lindsay, 12th Earl of Crawford, 1577 1620 was a Scottish nobleman. David Lindsay was born in Crawford, Lanarkshire, Scotland. He was the son of David Lindsay, 11th Earl of Crawford and Lilias Drummond, Baroness Fyvie. He married Jean Kerr,… …   Wikipedia


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