- Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March
Infobox British Royalty
name = Roger de Mortimer
title = 4th Earl of March and 6th Earl of Ulster
spouse = Alianore Holland
Anne de Mortimer Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March
Roger Mortimer (died young c. 1409)
Eleanor (d. 1418), married
Edward de Courtenay, 11th Earl of Devonand had no children
full name =
royal house =
royal anthem =
Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March
mother = Philippa, Countess of March and Ulster
date of birth =birth date|1374|04|11|df=yes
place of birth =
date of christening =
April 16, 1374
place of christening = see place of birth
date of death = death date and age|1398|04|11|1374|07|20|df=yes
place of death =
Battle of Kells
date of burial =
place of burial =
Roger de Mortimer, 4th Earl of March and 6th Earl of Ulster (
11 April, 1374– 20 July, 1398) [Tout; some primary sources give the date of his death as 15 August] was the heir presumptiveto Richard II of Englandbetween 1385 and 1398.
Mortimer was son of the powerful
Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, and Philippa, Countess of March and Ulster.Stephen and Lee, 1894, p.145.] His mother was the only issue of Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence, the second surviving son of King Edward III of Englandand Philippa of Hainault[Tout] . Thus, Mortimer was (after his father's death) Richard II's heir if succession is allowed through a female line.
Mortimer's mother died quite early and his father on
December 27, 1381, so Mortimer succeeded to his title and estates when only seven years old. His hereditary influence and position caused him to be appointed to the lord-lieutenancy of Ireland on January 24, 1382. His uncle Sir Thomas Mortimer acted as his deputy. This experiment did not work well and Mortimer was replaced by Philip de Courtenaythe next year.
Being a ward of the Crown, his guardian was
Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, half-brother to Richard II. The earl of Kent also purchased the rights to choose Mortimer's bride, and 1387 or early 1388 married him to his daughter Alianor (Eleanor). [Tout]
The importance which he owed to his hereditary influence and possessions, and especially to his descent from Edward III, was immensely increased when Richard II publicly acknowledged him as
heir presumptiveto the crown in 1385 [Tout] .
Conflict in Ireland
In 1394 he accompanied Richard II to
Ireland, but notwithstanding a commission from the king as lieutenant of the districts over which he exercised nominal authority by hereditary right, he made little headway against the native Irish chieftains. Nevertheless the following year Mortimer was given broader authority as lieutenant of Ireland.
March enjoyed great popularity in England though he took no active part in opposing the despotic measures of the King.
July 20, 1398he was killed at the Battle of Kells in a fight with an Irish clan, and was buried in Wigmore Abbey.
His titles and the designation of heir presumptive passed to his young son,
Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March.
By his wife
Alianore Hollandhe had four children [Tout p. 146] :
Anne de Mortimer, married Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge
Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March
* Roger Mortimer (died young c. 1409)
* Eleanor (d. 1418), married
Edward de Courtenay, 11th Earl of Devonand had no children
title=Dictionary of National Biography
publisher=MacMillan and Co.
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/p10199.htm#i101986 Peerage.com on the 4th Earl of March Roger Mortimer]
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