Hook (film)


Hook (film)

Infobox Film
name = Hook


director = Steven Spielberg
producer = Frank Marshall
Kathleen Kennedy
Gerald R. Molen
James V. Hart
Malia Scotch Marmo
Bruce Cohen
writer = Screenplay:
James V. Hart
Malia Scotch Marmo
Screen Story:
James V. Hart
Nick Castle
Characters:
J.M. Barrie
starring = Robin Williams
Dustin Hoffman
Julia Roberts
Bob Hoskins
Charlie Korsmo
Amber Scott
music = John Williams
cinematography = Dean Cundey
editing = Michael Kahn
distributor = TriStar Pictures
released = December 11, 1991
runtime = 144 minutes
country = USA
language = English
budget = $60—80 millioncite book | author = Joseph McBride | title = Steven Spielberg: A Biography | publisher =Faber and Faber | date =1997 | location = New York City | pages = 411 | id = ISBN 0-571-19177-0]
gross = $300.85 million
amg_id = 1:23072
imdb_id = 0102057

"Hook" is a 1991 family fantasy film directed by Steven Spielberg. The film stars Robin Williams, Dustin Hoffman, Julia Roberts, Bob Hoskins, Charlie Korsmo and Amber Scott. "Hook" acts as a sequel to Peter Pan's adventures, focusing on a grown-up Peter Pan who has forgotten his childhood. Peter Banning is a successful corporate lawyer with a wife and two kids. Captain Hook kidnaps his two children, thus Peter Banning must return to Neverland and reclaim his youthful spirit as Peter Pan in order to challenge his old enemy.

Spielberg began developing the film in the early-1980s with Walt Disney and Paramount Pictures, which would have followed the storyline seen in the 1953 animated film and 1924 silent film. "Peter Pan" entered pre-production in 1985, but Spielberg abandoned the project. James V. Hart developed the script with director Nick Castle and TriStar Pictures before Spielberg decided to direct in 1989. "Hook" was shot entirely on sound stages at Sony Pictures Studios in Culver City, California. The film received negative reviews but was a financial success and was nominated multiple times at the 64th Academy Awards.

Plot

Years ago, Peter Pan left Neverland and married Wendy Darling's granddaughter Moira. As corporate lawyer Peter Banning, he has entirely forgotten his childhood as Peter Pan. He becomes a successful corporate lawyer who never has time for his wife Moira and kids, Jack and Maggie. The family travels to London to visit Wendy, now very old and being honored for her work caring for orphans. Jack and Maggie are kidnapped by Captain Hook, who survived his run-in with the crocodile. Wendy tries to tell Peter of his past, but he does not believe her.

Tinker Bell visits Peter that night, taking him to Neverland. He wakes up among the pirates; then, observing Hook boasting of kidnapping Peter's children to use as bait, Peter reveals himself. Hook is disgusted at his nemesis' ineffectual condition. Hook's henchman Smee concludes that being away from Neverland for so long has wiped his memory clean of the past. Hook is ready to have Peter and his children killed, but Tinker Bell talks him into giving Peter three days to train for a duel. She takes Peter to the Lost Boys, led by Rufio, who initially don't believe he's Peter Pan. Tinker Bell convinces them that he is Pan, and they re-train him. Peter is hampered by his inability to remember being a boy or how to fly. At the same time Hook decides to "teach" Peter's children to love him as a means of demoralizing Peter when the day comes. Although Maggie does not fall for the ploy, the often-overlooked Jack listens, and with Hook cheering him on at a pirate baseball game (as his father had failed to do), he comes to accept the pirate as a father figure.

With the help of Tinker Bell becoming human-sized and kissing him, Peter manages to find his flight-enabling "happy thought": his love for Moira and becoming a father, the reasons he left Neverland. Peter leads the Lost Boys into battle with the pirates. Rufio takes on Hook while Peter rescues his son and daughter. Rufio dies, his last words telling Peter that he wishes he had a father like him. Jack is finally convinced that his father cares for him, and pleads to go home. Realizing that Hook will not stop and that he will return to threaten his family time and again, he resumes the duel. It ends when the giant crocodile comes back to life and swallows Hook. Peter passes on his sword and leadership to the biggest of the Lost Boys, Thud Butt, and flies back to London with his children. He awakens in his regular clothes at the famous statue of Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens, and sees Tinker Bell one last time. He assures her that he still believes in fairies, and she leaves. He returns to his family, finally remembering who he is, and appreciating them all as he should.

Cast

*Robin Williams as Peter Banning / Peter Pan: He has forgotten his childhood in Neverland, and becomes a successful corporate lawyer with a wife and two kids. Captain Hook kidnaps his two children, thus Peter Banning must reclaim his youthful spirit as Peter Pan in order to challenge Hook.
*Dustin Hoffman as Captain Hook: A villainous pirate who has had a long enemy-relationship with Peter Pan. Hook's motives over the years after escaping from his death include revenge against Peter, by kidnapping his two children.
*Julia Roberts as Tinker Bell: A fairy who helps Peter gain memory of his childhood and "happy thoughts". She is in love with Peter, but understands why he must continue his relationship with his family.
*Charlie Korsmo as Jack Banning: Peter's son who begins to rebel against his father by looking towards Captain Hook as a father figure.
*Amber Scott as Maggie Banning: Peter's daughter and Jack's younger sister who, after the kidnapping, does not fall under Hook's ploy of "why parents hate their children".
*Bob Hoskins as Smee: Hook's henchman who creates the plan of trying to convince Peter's children to "love" Hook. Hoskins also portrays a garbage sweeper in Kensington Gardens.
*Caroline Goodall as Moira Banning: Wendy's granddaughter with whom Peter falls in love.
*Maggie Smith as Wendy Darling: After her adventures with Peter Pan, she becomes well-known for helping orphans. Gwyneth Paltrow appears as young Wendy Darling in flashbacks.
*Dante Basco as Rufio: Leader of the Lost Boys after Peter's departure. Rufio is intimidated by his presence at first but soon wishes he had a father like Peter. He is killed by Captain Hook during a duel.
*Arthur Malet as Tootles: A senile old man living with Wendy. A former Lost Boy, Tootles is also Wendy's "first orphan". Peter helps giving him the ability to fly by finding his lost marbles, which he left in Neverland.

Kelly Rowan makes a cameo appearance as Peter Pan's mother, while Jasen Fisher and James Madio portray Lost Boys.

Production

J.M. Barrie considered writing a story in which Peter Pan grew up; his 1920 notes for the latest stage revival of "Peter Pan" included possible titles for another play: "The Man Who Couldn't Grow Up" or "The Old Age of Peter Pan". [cite book | author = Andrew Birkin | title = J.M. Barrie and the Lost Boys | publisher =Yale University Press | date =2003 | location = New Haven, Connecticut | pages = | id = ISBN 978-0300098228] The genesis of "Hook" started when director Steven Spielberg's mother often read him "Peter and Wendy" as bedtime story. Spielberg explained in 1985, "When I was eleven years old I actually directed the story during a school production. I have always felt like Peter Pan. I still feel like Peter Pan. It has been very hard for me to grow up, I'm a victim of the Peter Pan syndrome. [McBride, p.42—43]

Spielberg began to develop the film with Walt Disney Pictures in the early-1980s, which would have closely followed the storyline of the 1953 animated film and 1924 silent film. He also considered directing "Peter Pan" as a musical with Michael Jackson in the lead. The project was taken to Paramount Pictures, where James V. Hart wrote the first script with Dustin Hoffman already cast as Captain Hook.McBride, p.409] "Peter Pan" entered pre-production in 1985 for filming to begin at sound stages in England. Elliot Scoot ("Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom", "Who Framed Roger Rabbit") had been hired as production designer. With the birth of his first son, Max, in 1985, Spielberg decided to drop out. "I decided not to make "Peter Pan" when I had my first child," Spielberg commented. "I didn't want to go to London and have seven kids on wires in front of blue screens. I wanted to be home as a dad." Around this time, Spielberg considered directing "Big", which carried similar motifs and themes with Peter Pan. In 1987, Spielberg "permanently abandoned" "Peter Pan", feeling he expressed his childhood and adult themes in "Empire of the Sun". [cite news | author = Myra Forsberg | title = Spielberg at 40: The Man and the Child | work = The New York Times | date = 1988-01-10 | accessdate = 2008-09-17]

Meanwhile, Paramount and Hart moved forward on production with Nick Castle as director. Hart began to work on a new storyline when his son, Jake, showed his family a drawing. "We asked Jake what it was and he said it was a crocodile eating Captain hook, but that the crocodile really didn't eat him, he got away," Hart reflected. "As it happens, I had been trying to crack "Peter Pan" for years, but I didn't just want to do a remake. So I went, 'Wow. Hook is not dead. The crocodile is. We've all been fooled'. In 1986 our family was having dinner and Jake said, 'Daddy, did Peter Pan ever grow up?' My immediate response was, 'No, of course not'. And Jake said, 'But what if he did?' I realized that Peter did grow up, just like all of us baby boomers who are now in our forties. I patterned him after several of my friends on Wall Street, where the pirates wear three-piece suits and ride in limos."McBride, p.410]

By 1989, Hart and Castle changed the title of "Peter Pan" to "Hook", and took it from Paramount to TriStar Pictures, ran by Mike Medavoy, who was Spielberg's first talent agent. Robin Williams signed on, but Williams and Hoffman had creative differences with Castle. Medavoy saw "Hook" as a vehicle for Spielberg, and Castle was fired, but paid with a $500,000 settlement. Spielberg briefly worked together with Hart to rewrite the script before hiring Malia Scotch Marmo to rewrite Captain Hook's dialog and Carrie Fisher for Tinker Bell's dialog. The Writers Guild of America gave Hart and Marmo screenplay credit, while Hart and Castle were credited with story. Fisher went uncredited. Filming started on February 19, 1991, occupying nine sound stages at Sony Pictures Studios in Culver City, California. Stage 30 housed the Neverland Lost Boys playground, while Stage 10 supplied Captain Hook's ship cabin. Hidden hydraulics were installed to rock the setpiece to simulate a swaying ship, but the filmmakers found the movement distracted the dialogue, so the idea was dropped.

Stage 27 housed the full-sized pirate ship "Jolly Roger" and the surrounding Pirate Wharf.DVD production notes] Industrial Light & Magic provided the visual effects sequences. "Hook" was financed by Amblin Entertainment and TriStar Pictures, with TriStar distributing the film. Impressed with his work on "Cats", Spielberg brought John Napier as a "visual consultant". The original production budget was set at $48 million, but ended up between $60—80 million. This was also largely contributed by the shooting schedule, which ran 40 days over its original 76 day schedule. Spielberg explained, "It was all my fault. I began to work at a slower pace than I usually do."McBride, p.412] He also found it difficult to work with Julia Roberts, who was suffering from a mental disorder after her breakup with Dylan McDermott.Ana Maria Bahiana (March 1992). "Hook", "Cinema Papers", pp. 67—69. Retrieved on 2008-09-23.]

Themes

Spielberg found close personal connection to the film. The troubled relationship between Peter and his son echoed Spielberg's relationship with his father. Previous films of Spielberg that explored a diminishing father-son relationship included "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial" and "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade". Peter Banning's "quest for success" paralleled Spielberg starting out as a film director and transforming into a Hollywood business magnate. This led to Spielberg's divorce with Amy Irving, which would possibly lead to Banning's relationship with his family. [McBride, p.413] "I think a a lot of people today are losing their imagination because they are work-driven. They are so self-involved with work and success and arriving at the next plateau that children and family almost become incidental. I have even experienced it myself when I have been on a very tough shoot and I've not seen my kids except on weekends. They ask for my time and I can't give it to them because I'm working." Similar to Peter Banning at the beginning of "Hook", Spielberg also has a fear of flying. He feels that Peter Pan's "enduring quality" in the storyline is simply to fly. "Anytime anything flies, whether it's Superman, Batman, or E.T., it's got to be a tip of the hat to Peter Pan," Spielberg reflected. "Peter Pan" was the first time I saw anybody fly. Before I saw "Superman", before I saw "Batman", and of course before I saw any superheroes, my first memory of anybody flying is in "Peter Pan"."

oundtrack

#"Prologue" (Peter Pan theme)
#"We Don't Want To Grow Up" (Tinkerbell theme) *
#"Banning Back Home"
#"Granny Wendy" (Childhood theme)
#"Hook-Napped" (Prologue Theme, Captain Hook theme)
#"The Arrival of Tink and the Flight to Neverland" (Tinkerbell theme, Childhood theme)
#"Presenting the Hook" (Pirate theme, Captain Hook theme)
#"From Mermaids to Lost Boys" (Mermaid theme, Neverland Theme, Lost Boys theme)
#"The Lost Boy Chase" (Lost Boys chase theme)
#"Smee's Plan" (Captain Hook theme)
#"The Banquet" (Lost Boys theme)
#"The Never-Feast" (Lost Boys, Childhood, When You're Alone *)
#"Remembering Childhood" (Childhood theme, Neverland theme, Peter Pan theme)
#"You are the Pan" (Peter Pan theme #2)
#"When You're Alone"
#"The Ultimate War" (Peter Pan, Captain Hook, Tinkerbell, Childhood, Lost Boys)
#"Farewell Neverland" (Neverland, Lost Boys, Peter Pan theme #2, and Tinkerbell) The film score was composed by John Williams. The lyrics for tracks 2 and 15 were written by Leslie Bricusse.

Reception

Spielberg, Williams and Hoffman did not take salaries for the film. Their deal called for the trio to split 40% of TriStar Pictures' gross revenues . They were to receive $20 million from the first $50 million in gross theatrical film rentals, with TriStar keeping the next $70 million in rentals before the three resumed receiving their percentage. "Hook" was released in North America on December 11, 1991, earning $13.52 million in its opening weekend. The film went on gross $119.65 million in North America and $181.2 million in foreign countries, accumulating a worldwide total of $300.85 million. "Hook" was declared a financial success, [cite web | url = http://boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=hook.htm | title = Hook | work = Box Office Mojo | accessdate = 2008-09-19] and is the fourth-highest grossing "pirate-themed" film, behind all three films in the "Pirates of the Caribbean" film series. [cite web | url = http://boxofficemojo.com/genres/chart/?id=pirate.htm | title = Pirate Movies | work = Box Office Mojo | accessdate = 2008-09-19] In North America totals, "Hook" was the sixth-highest grossing film in 1991, [cite web | url = http://boxofficemojo.com/yearly/chart/?yr=1991&p=.htm | title = 1991 Domestic Totals | work = Box Office Mojo | accessdate = 2008-09-19] and fourth-highest worldwide. [cite web | url = http://boxofficemojo.com/yearly/chart/?view2=worldwide&yr=1991&p=.htm | title = 1991 Worldwide Grosses | work = Box Office Mojo | accessdate = 2008-09-19]

Based on 37 reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes, 22% of the critics enjoyed "Hook". [cite web | url = http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/hook/ | title = Hook | work = Rotten Tomatoes | accessdate = 2008-09-19] Roger Ebert felt "the crucial failure in "Hook" was its inability to re-imagine the material, to find something new, fresh or urgent to do with the Peter Pan myth. Lacking that, Spielberg should simply have remade the original story, straight, for the '90s generation. [cite news | title = Hook | date = 1991-12-11 | url = http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19911211/REVIEWS/112110301/1023 | work = Roger Ebert.com | accessdate = 2008-09-19] Peter Travers of "Rolling Stone" felt "Hook" would "only appeal to the baby boomer generation" and highly criticized the sword-fighting choreography. [cite news | author = Peter Travers | url = http://www.rollingstone.com/reviews/movie/5947391/review/5947392/hook | title = Hook | work = Rolling Stone | date = 1991-12-11 | accessdate = 2008-09-19] Vincent Canby felt the story structure was not well balanced, feeling Spielberg depended too much on art direction. [cite news | author = Vincent Canby | title = Hook | work = The New York Times | date = 1991-12-11 | accessdate = 2008-09-19] Hal Hinson of "The Washington Post" was one of few who gave the film a positive review. Hinson elaborated on crucial themes of children, adulthood and loss of innocence. However he observed that Spielberg "was stuck too much in a theme park world". [cite news | author = Hal Hinson | title = Hook | work = The Washington Post | date = 1991-12-11 | accessdate = 2008-09-19]

Despite the negative reviews, "Hook" was nominated for five categories at the 64th Academy Awards. This included Art Direction, Costume Design, Visual Effects, Makeup and Original Song ("When You're Alone"). [cite web | url = http://awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/DisplayMain.jsp?curTime=1222224401661 | title = Hook | work = Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences | accessdate = 2008-09-20] "Hook" lost the Saturn Award for Best Fantasy Film to "Aladdin", [cite web | title = Past Saturn Awards | work = Saturn Awards.com | url = http://www.saturnawards.org/past.html | accessdate = 2008-09-20] while cinematographer Dean Cundey was nominated for his work by the American Society of Cinematographers. [cite web | title = 7th Annual Awards | work = American Society of Cinematographers | url = http://www.theasc.com/awards/history/1992.htm | accessdate = 2008-09-20] Dustin Hoffman was nominated the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor (Musical or Comedy). [cite web | title = 49th Golden Globe Awards | work = Internet Movie Database | url = http://www.imdb.com/Sections/Awards/Golden_Globes_USA/1992 | accessdate = 2008-09-20] John Williams was given a Grammy Award nomination, [cite web | title = Grammy Awards of 1991 | work = Internet Movie Database | url = http://www.imdb.com/Sections/Awards/Grammy_Awards/1993 | accessdate = 2008-09-20] with Julia Roberts receiving a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actress. [cite web | title = Razzie Awards: 1992 | work = Internet Movie Database | url = http://www.imdb.com/Sections/Awards/Razzie_Awards/1992 | accessdate = 2008-09-20]

Further reading

*cite book | author = Terry Brooks | title = Hook | others = novelization of the film | format = Hardcover | year = 1991 | month = December | day = 17 | publisher = Ballantine Books | isbn = 0449907074
*cite book | author= Charles L.P. Silet | title = The Films of Steven Spielberg | year = 2002 | publisher = Scarecrow Press | pages = | isbn = 0-8108-4182-7

References

External links

*imdb title|id=0102057|title=Hook
*amg title|id=1:23072|title=Hook
*rotten-tomatoes|id=hook|title=Hook
*mojo title|id=hook|title=Hook


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