House of Holstein-Gottorp (Swedish line)


House of Holstein-Gottorp (Swedish line)

The House of Holstein-Gottorp, a cadet branch of the Oldenburg dynasty, ruled Sweden from 1751 until 1818, and Norway from 1814 to 1818.

In 1743 Adolf Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp was elected crown prince of Sweden as a Swedish concession to Russia, a strategy for achieving an acceptable peace after the disastrous war of the same year. He became King of Sweden in 1751.

King Gustav III of Sweden, Adolf Frederick's eldest son, was enthusiastic about the fact that through his great-great-grandmother their dynasty descended from the royal House of Vasa. He expressed wishes that their house be known as Vasa, as the new Royal House of Vasa and the continuation of the original. There was no effective way to force this change. Historians have not agreed with Gustav's desires, and the house is always referred to as Holstein-Gottorp.

In 1809 Gustav III's son King Gustav IV Adolf was deposed following the loss of Finland, and the dynasty disappeared from Swedish history with the death of his uncle King Charles XIII in 1818. In 1810, Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, a Marshal of France, was elected crown prince, and became the founder of the next and current Swedish dynasty, the House of Bernadotte.

In 1836 Gustav, the son of the deposed Gustav IV Adolf, was created Prince of Vasa in Austria (written Wasa). However, the use of that name ceased when the prince's only surviving child, his daughter Carola died without children.

The marriage of the future King Gustaf V to Princess Victoria of Baden in 1881 united the reigning House of Bernadotte with the House of Holstein-Gottorp since Victoria was a great-granddaughter of the deposed Gustav IV Adolf.

Kings of Sweden

* 1751-1771 : Adolf Frederick
* 1771-1792 : Gustav III
* 1792-1809 : Gustav IV Adolf
* 1809-1818 : Charles XIII

King of Norway

* 1814-1818 : Charles II

-
-


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp — Main articles: History of Schleswig Holstein and List of rulers of Schleswig Holstein Schloss Gottorf Holstein Gottorp or Schleswig Holstein Gottorp is the historiographical name, as well as contemporary shorthand name, for the parts of the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of consorts of Holstein-Gottorp — See Also: Dukes of Holstein Gottorp The Duchesses of Holstein Gottorp were the consorts of the rulers of Holstein Gottorp. Contents 1 Duchess consort of Schleswig and Holstein in Gottorp, 1544 1713 2 Duchess consort of Holstein Gottorp, since… …   Wikipedia

  • House of Oldenburg — Royal house surname = House of Oldenburg estate = Oldenburg coat of arms = country = Germany titles = *Emperor of Russia *King of Denmark *King of Norway *King of Sweden *King of Greece *Grand Duke of Oldenburg *Duke of Schleswig and Holstein… …   Wikipedia

  • House of Vasa — Royal house surname = House of Vasa estate = Sweden, Poland, Lithuania coat of arms = country = Sweden, Poland, Lithuania titles = *King of Sweden *King of Poland *Grand Duke of Lithuania founder = Gustav Eriksson (Vasa) final ruler = Sweden:… …   Wikipedia

  • House of Mecklenburg — Country Mecklenburg, Titles Prince, Duke, Grand Duke, Elected Duke of United Baltic Duchy Founder Niklot …   Wikipedia

  • House of Bjelbo —   Swedish Royalty   House of Bjelbo …   Wikipedia

  • List of Swedish monarchs — Queen of Sweden redirects here. For queens consort of Sweden, see List of Swedish consorts. For the current queen consort, see Queen Silvia of Sweden. Kingdom of Sweden This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Sweden …   Wikipedia

  • History of Schleswig-Holstein — The Jutland Peninsula is a long peninsula in Northern Europe, and the current Schleswig Holstein is its southern part. Schleswig is also called South Jutland. The old Scandinavian sagas, perhaps dating back to the times of the Angles and Jutes… …   Wikipedia

  • Victoria of Baden — Princess Viktoria of Baden (Sophie Marie Viktoria) (August 7, 1862 – April 4, 1930), later Queen Victoria of Sweden, was a member of the Grand Ducal Family of Baden, who became the Queen Consort of King Gustav V of Sweden.BirthPrincess Viktoria… …   Wikipedia

  • Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden — Victoria Crown Princess of Sweden Duchess of Västergötland The Duke and Duchess of Västergötland after their wedding in June 2010 Spouse …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.