Jayapura


Jayapura
Jayapura
—  City  —
Jayapura is located in West Papua (province)
Jayapura
Location of the town in Papua
Jayapura is located in Indonesia
Jayapura
Location of the town in Indonesia
Coordinates: 2°31′58.8″S 140°43′1.2″E / 2.533°S 140.717°E / -2.533; 140.717
Country  Indonesia
Province Papua
Regency
Government
 – Mayor Drs.Tommy Benhur Mano,MM
Population (2002)
 – City 200,000
 – Metro 2,000,000
Time zone WIT (UTC+9)
Jayapura city
Jayapura at night
A workers' mural in Jayapura, Indonesia

Jayapura City (Indonesian: Kota Jayapura) is the capital of Papua province, Indonesia, on the island of New Guinea. It is situated on Yos Sudarso Bay (formerly known as Humboldt Bay). Its approximate population in 2002 was 200,000.

From 1910 to 1962, the city was known as Hollandia and was the capital of a district of the same name in the northeast of West New Guinea. It was briefly called Kota Baru and Sukarnopura before assuming its present name in 1968. The literal meaning of Jayapura, as of Jaipur in Rajasthan, is 'City of Victory' (Sanskrit jaya: "victory"; pura: "city").

Contents

History

The northern part of Dutch New Guinea was occupied by Japanese forces in 1942. Allied forces drove out the Japanese after amphibious landings near Hollandia, from April 21, 1944. The area served as General Douglas MacArthur's headquarters until the conquest of the Philippines in March 1945. Over twenty U.S. bases were established and half a million US personnel moved through the area.[1]

In 1945, the Dutch made Hollandia the capital of Netherlands New Guinea. After the territory was handed over to the United Nations, on October 1, 1962, the city became known by the Indonesian name Kota Baru, and retained the name when Indonesia took control, on May 1, 1963. The city was briefly renamed Sukarnopura, after President Sukarno, until the end of 1968, when it acquired its present name.

Jayapura was struck by the Aitape Tsunami after the 1998 Papua New Guinea earthquake.[2]

Religious History

On May 12, 1949, the Apostolic Prefecture of Hollandia was established in the city. In 1963, it was renamed as the Apostolic Vicariate of Kota Baru. In 1964, it was again renamed as the Apostolic Vicariate of Sukarnapura. It was promoted in 1966 as the Diocese of Sukarnapura, renamed in 1969 as the Diocese of Djajapura, and finally renamed in 1973 as the Diocese of Jayapura.

Sport

Jayapura is the home of the Persipura, a professional football club that has produced many famous Indonesian footballers and have won the Indonesia Super League once in the 2008–09 season. Persipura plays its home matches in the Mandala Stadium.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Jayapura". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/301932/Jayapura. Retrieved 2010-05-27. 
  2. ^ "The Impact of the 1998 Aitape Tsunami at Jayapura, Indonesia". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). http://nctr.pmel.noaa.gov/PNG/Upng/N_joku020402/nj_poster.pdf. Retrieved 2010-05-27. 

External links

Coordinates: 2°31′59″S 140°43′01″E / 2.533°S 140.717°E / -2.533; 140.717


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jayapura — Basisdaten Staat: Indonesien Provinz: Papua …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jayapura — [jä΄yə poor′ə] capital of West Irian, Indonesia: seaport on the NE coast; pop. 150,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Jayapura — 1 Original name in latin Jayapura Name in other language Djajapura, Dzhajapura, Hollandia, Jayapura, Kota Jayapura, Kotabaru, Port Numbay, Sukarnapura, Sukarnopura, jayapura, Джаяпура State code ID Continent/City Asia/Jayapura longitude 2.54284… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Jayapura — Para otros usos de este término, véase Jayapura (desambiguación). Un mural de los trabajadores de Jayapura, Indonesia. Jayapura (Indonesio: Kota Jayapura) es la capital de la provincia de Papúa, Indonesia, en la isla de Nueva Guinea. Su población …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jayapura — 2°32′00″S 140°42′00″E / 2.533333, 140.7 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jayapura — Djayapura ou Jayapura (anc. Hollandia) cap. de l Irian Jaya, au N. E. du pays; 150 000 hab. Jayapura V. Djayapura …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jayapura — or formerly Hollandia or Kotabaru or Sukarnapura geographical name city & port Indonesia capital of West Papua …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Jayapura — /jah yeuh poor euh/, n. a city in and the capital of Irian Jaya, on the NE coast, in Indonesia. 45,786. Also, Jajapura, Djajapura. Formerly, Hollandia. * * * ▪ Indonesia also spelled  Djajapura,  formerly  Sukarnapura  or  Hollandia        city… …   Universalium

  • Jayapura — ► C. de Indonesia, cap. de Papuasia (Occidental; 246 400 h …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jayapura — Jayapụra   [dʒ ], früher Djajapụra [dʒ ], ursprünglich indonesisch Kotabạru, niederländisch bis 1963 Hollạndia, bis 1969 Sukarnapụra, Hauptstadt von Irian Jaya, Indonesien, Hafen an der Nordküste von Neuguinea, 149 600 Einwohner;… …   Universal-Lexikon


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