- Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia
:"For another (Boleslaw) Boleslaus the Pious, see
Boleslaus of Greater Poland."Boleslaus II the Pious ( _cs. Boleslav II. Pobožný; c. 920 – February 7 999) was the duke of Bohemiafrom 972, a member of the Přemyslid dynasty.
The son of Boleslaw also called Boleslaus I and Biagota, Boleslaus II became Duke (or Prince) in on his father's death. Boleslaus maintained good relations with the
OttonianGerman kings, and in 975 supported Otto IIduring his civil war against Henry II, Duke of Bavaria. In 977, Boleslaus again attacked Bavaria, but on this occasion was barred from annexing any lands by Otto II.
Boleslaus' reign is most notable for the foundation of the diocese of Prague in 973. It was placed within the jurisdiction of the
Archbishop of Mainz. In 982, Vojtěch (later known as Saint Adalbert) was appointed to this position until he abandoned his primacy to lead a mission to the Old Prussiansin 994. War between Polandand Bohemia was continual in this period and by 990 Boleslaus had occupied Silesia.
September 28, 995, Boleslaus and his confederate Vršovcistormed Libicein southern Bohemia and massacred Slavník's dynasty. This clan had been the main rival of Přemyslid power in Bohemia. Boleslaus' brutal triumph ensured the unity of Bohemia under a single ruler.
Boleslaus was succeeded by, Boleslaus, his eldest son by his first wife,
Adiva, perhaps the daughter of Edward the Elder, King of Englandwho married 'a prince near the Alps'. His second son, Wenceslaus, died as an infant, but his two youngest sons, Jaromír and Oldřich, were both later dukes. Boleslaus' second wife was Emma of Melnik.
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