Synthetic


Synthetic

Synthesis, the combination of two or more parts, whether by design or by natural processes. Furthermore, it may imply being prepared or made artificially, in contrast to naturally.

Contents

In the sense of combination

  • Synthetic position, a concept in finance
  • Analytic–synthetic distinction, a concept in philosophy
  • Synthetic language, a language type that often uses several small pieces of words to form new words

In the sense of artificial

  • Synthetic fiber, a fiber not made from natural (animal, plant) materials
  • Synthetic intelligence, a view that the intelligence of computing machines is not an imitation or in any way artificial. See also artificial intelligence.
  • Synthetic or constructed language, such as Esperanto
  • Synthetic music, produced by a synthesizer, a machine to create artificial sound and music
  • Synthetic chord in music theory
  • Synthetic person or legal personality, characteristic of a non-human entity regarded by law as having the status of a person
  • Synthetic elements, chemical elements that naturally occur rarely or never on Earth and therefore have to be created in experiments
  • Synthetic data, are any data applicable to a given situation that are not obtained by direct measurement or from live system as described in Synthetic data; terminology used in testing of software applications

In the sense of both

  • Synthetic chemical or synthetic compress, produced by the process of chemical synthesis
  • Synthetic organic compounds are tens of thousands of synthetic chemical compounds, all containing carbon, that are extremely useful, including medicines, rubbers, plastics, refrigerants. They may also act as manmade contaminants in water, in air, or in solid substances.
  • Synthetic fuel
  • Synthetic oil

See also


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Synthetic — Syn*thet ic, Synthetical Syn*thet ic*al, a. [Gr. ?: cf. F. synth[ e]tique.] 1. Of or pertaining to synthesis; consisting in synthesis or composition; as, the synthetic method of reasoning, as opposed to analytical. [1913 Webster] Philosophers… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • synthetic — [sin thet′ik] adj. [Fr synthétique < Gr synthetikos] 1. of, involving, or using synthesis 2. produced by synthesis; specif., produced by chemical synthesis, rather than of natural origin 3. not real or genuine; artificial 4. Linguis.… …   English World dictionary

  • synthetic — ► ADJECTIVE 1) made by chemical synthesis, especially to imitate a natural product. 2) not genuine. ► NOUN ▪ a synthetic substance, especially a textile fibre. DERIVATIVES synthetically adverb …   English terms dictionary

  • synthetic — I adjective artificial, counterfeit, ersatz, factitious, illegitimate, man made, manufactured, mock, not genuine, not natural, pretended, pseudo, quasi, spurious, unnatural II index assumed (feigned), false ( …   Law dictionary

  • synthetic — 1690s, as a term in logic, from Fr. synthétique (17c.), from Mod.L. syntheticus, from Gk. synthetikos, from synthetos, pp. of syntithenai (see SYNTHESIS (Cf. synthesis)). From 1874 in reference to products or materials made artificially by… …   Etymology dictionary

  • synthetic — *artificial, ersatz, factitious …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • synthetic — [adj] artificial constructed, counterfeit, ersatz*, fabricated, factitious, fake, false, hokey*, made, makeshift, manufactured, mock, phony, plastic, unnatural; concepts 485,582 Ant. genuine, natural, real …   New thesaurus

  • synthetic — A derivative position which is created synthetically by using other derivative contracts. For example, the creation of a synthetic long future by the purchase of a call option and the sale of a put option with the same exercise price and expiry… …   Financial and business terms

  • synthetic — synthetically, adv. /sin thet ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, proceeding by, or involving synthesis (opposed to analytic). 2. noting or pertaining to compounds formed through a chemical process by human agency, as opposed to those of natural… …   Universalium

  • synthetic — I. adjective Etymology: Greek synthetikos of composition, component, from syntithenai to put together Date: 1697 1. relating to or involving synthesis ; not analytic < the synthetic aspects of a philosophy > 2. attributing to a subject something… …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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