Later Zhao

Later Zhao

The Later Zhao (zh-stp|s=后赵|t=後趙|p=Hòuzhào; 319-351) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. It was founded by the Shi family of the Jie ethnicity. The Later Zhao was the second in territories to the Former Qin that once unified Northern China under Fu Jiān.

When Later Zhao was founded by Shi Le, the capital was at Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xintai, Hebei), but in 335 Shi Hu moved the capital to Yecheng (鄴城, in modern Handan, Hebei), where it would remain for the rest of the state's history (except for Shi Zhi's brief attempt to revive the state at Xiangguo).

Rulers of the Later Zhao

Temple namesPosthumous namesFamily names and given nameDurations of reignsEra names and their according durations
"Chinese convention: use family and given names"
Gaozu (高祖 Gāozǔ)Ming (明 míng)Shi Le (石勒 Shí Lè)319-333"Zhaowang (趙王 Zhàowáng)" 319-328
"Taihe (太和 Tàihé)" 328-330
"Jianping (建平 Jiànpíng)" 330-333
Did not existPrince of Haiyang (海陽王 Hǎiyáng wáng)Shi Hong (石弘 Shí Hóng)333-334"Yanxi (延熙 Yánxī)" 334
Taizu (太祖 Tàizǔ)Wu (武 Wǔ)Shi Hu (石虎 Shí Hǔ)334-349"Jianwu (建武 Jiànwǔ)" 335-349
"Taining (太寧 Tàiníng)" 349
Did not existPrince of Qiao (譙王 Qiáo wáng)Shi Shi (石世 Shí Shì)33 days in 349"Taining (太寧 Tàiníng)" 33 days in 349
Did not existPrince of Pengcheng (彭城王 Péngchéng wáng)Shi Zun (石遵 Shí Zūn)183 days in 349"Taining (太寧 Tàiníng)" 183 days in 349
Did not existPrince of Yiyang (義陽王 Yìyáng wáng)Shi Jian (石鑒 Shí Jiàn)103 days within 349-350"Qinglong (青龍 Qīnglóng)" 103 days within 349-350
Did not existPrince of Xinxing (新興王 Xīnxīng wáng)Shi Zhi (石祗 Shí Zhī)350-351"Yongning (永寧 Yǒngníng)" 350-351

ee also

*List of past Chinese ethnic groups
*Wu Hu
*Sixteen Kingdoms
*"Yechongji" (literary meaning: "Records within Ye")
*Buddhism in China
*Fo Tu Teng
*"Memoirs of Eminent Monks"
*Ran Min

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