- Carl Carmer
Carl Carmer (
October 16, 1893- September 1976) was an author of nonfictionbooks, memoirs, and novels, many of which focused on Americanasuch as myths, folklore, and tales. His most famous book, " Stars Fell on Alabama", was an autobiographical story of the time he spent living in Alabama. He was considered one of America's most popular writers during the 1940s and 1950s.
Carl Lamson Carmer was born in Cortland,
New York. His father, Willis Griswold Carmer, was the principal of Dansville High School. His mother, Mary Lamson Carmer, grew up on a farm in Dryden, New York. [ [http://home.eznet.net/~dminor/O&E9702.html "He Heard the Lonesome Drum"] by David Minor, "Odds & Ends: A Newsletter of Eagles Byte Historical Research", February 1997, No. 17. Accessed May 10, 2006.]
When he was five his father became principal of
Albion High Schoolin Albion, New York, which is in the western part of the state. He graduated from Albion High School in 1910 and entered his father's alma mater, Hamilton College, where he earned his undergraduate degree. He subsequently received a Masters degree from Harvard.
He taught briefly at
Syracuse Universitybefore accepting a position at the University of Alabamain 1927. After six years in Alabama, he returned to New York and married artist Elizabeth Black. He also became an assistant editor at "Vanity Fair". In his later years, Carmer would work as a folkloreconsultant for Walt Disney Productionsand produce a folklore radio series called "Your Neck o' the Woods." He also produced four albums of regional songs. He died in 1976.
Stars Fell on Alabama
When Carmer arrived in
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, one of his new colleagues warned him, "...if I knew you well enough to advise you, I'd say 'For God's sake, get out of here before it's too late.'" [ibid.] This reference was evidently about the state of Alabama's racial relations at the time. Carmer, however, stayed at the University for six years, taking notes and writing what would become his most famous book, " Stars Fell on Alabama".
In the book, Carmer recounted the time he spent traveling throughout the state. He wrote about the people, places, and events he witnessed, such as a
Ku Klux Klanrally and interactions with ordinary Alabama men and women.
One example of the book's prose was this description of a
The church was full now. People stood along the walls and the doorway was packed. Crowds were huddled outside each window singing lustily...there were surely more than two thousand people...Hard blows of sound beat upon the walls and rafters with inexorable regularity. All in a moment the constant beat took hold. There was a swift crescendo. Muscles were tensing, eyes brightening. [http://www.alabamafolklife.org/newimages/vol3all.pdf Alabama Folklife reprinting of Carmer's Sacred Heart description, accessed
May 10, 2006.]
Carmer also wrote about the myths, legends, and local
superstitionsof what he called "Conjure Country" (which was his nickname for Alabama).
First published in 1934, "Stars Fell on Alabama" hit the bestseller lists and established Carmer's reputation. Literary critic R. L. Duffus of "
The New York Times" praised the book and said Carmer had a gift for "extracting from what he sees, hears and feels an essence which is fundamentally poetic." [ [http://home.eznet.net/~dminor/O&E9702.html "He Heard the Lonesome Drum"] by David Minor.] The book has been subsequently republished a number of times, most recently in 2000 with a new introduction by Howell Raines.
The title of the book referred to a spectacular occurrence of the Leonid meteor shower that was observed in Alabama on November 12-13, 1833. As reported by the Florence "Gazette": " [There were] thousands of luminous bodies shooting across the firmament in every direction. There was little wind and not a trace of clouds, and the meteors succeeded each other in quick succession."
Sections of Carmer's book were adapted by
Brad Vicein his short story"The Bear Bryant Funeral Train." His failure to acknowledge his debt to Carmer led the organizers of the Flannery O'Connor Award for Short Fictionto revoke the prize he was given in 2004.
Other writings and projects
After the success of "Stars Fell on Alabama," Carmer returned to the upstate New York region he had grown up in. He documented the myths and stories of the region and wrote a new book, "Listen for a Lonesome Drum". He followed this up with a sequel in 1949, "Dark Trees to the Wind".
In 1939 Carmer wrote a well-received volume in the
Rivers of America Series, "The Hudson River". In 1942 he became the Editor for the Rivers of America Series, edited "The Songs of the Rivers of America" (1942) and wrote "The Susquehanna" (1955). [The Rivers of America: A Descriptive Bibliography by Carol Fitzgerald; 2001.] In all, Carmer wrote 37 books. He was considered one of America's most popular writers during the 1940s and 1950s. [ [http://www.uapress.ua.edu/NewSearch2.cfm?id=131699 University of Alabama Press] promotional page on Stars Fell on Alabama. Accessed May 10, 2006.]
* "French Town" (New Orleans, Quarter's Book Shop, about 1928)
* "Stars Fell on Alabama" (New York, Doubleday, 1934, reissued several times)
* "Listen for a Lonesome Drum" (New York, William Sloane Associates, 1936, reissued in 1950)
* "The Hudson" (New York, Farrar & Rinehart, 1939)
* "Genesee Fever" (New York, Farrar, 1941, novel)
* "America Sings" editor (New York, Knopf, 1942)
* "The Jesse James of the Java Sea" (New York, Farrar & Rinehart, 1945)
* "Dark Trees to the Wind" (New York, William Sloane Associates, 1949)
* "Hurricane Luck" (New York, Aladdin, 1949, juvenile book)
* "The Susquehanna" (New York, Rinehart & Company, 1955)
* "The Tavern Lamps Are Burning" (New York, David McKay Company, 1964)
* "The Farm Boy and the Angel: The Mormon Vision and the Winning of the West" (New York, Doubleday, 1970)
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