Tendring is a local government district in North East
Essex, England. It extends from the River Stour in the north, to the coast and the River Colnein the south, with the coast to the East and the town of Colchesterto the west. Its council is based in Clacton-on-Sea. Places in the district include Frinton-on-Sea, Walton-on-the-Naze, Brightlingseaand Harwich.
Sometimes referred to as the "Tendring Peninsula", the district was formed on
April 1, 1974as a merger of the borough of Harwich, with Brightlingsea, Clacton and Frinton and Walton urban districts, and Tendring Rural District. The name Tendring comes from the ancient Tendring Hundred which is named after the small Tendring village at the centre of the area. The Tendring Poor Law Union covered the same area as the present district.
English civil war, the witch-finder general, Matthew Hopkinscarried out many trials throughout this and the surrounding area especially in the towns of Manningtreeand Mistleyon the River Stour.
There are these theories about the origin of its name:-
*From Anglo-Saxon "tynder" = "
tinder": "place where tinder or fuelis gathered."
*From the German placename [http://www.planetware.com/hamelin/tundern-d-ni-hamt.htm Tündern] in
Lower Saxony(old spelling "Tundiriun") plus Anglo-Saxon "-ing" or "-ingas": "people who came across the sea from Tündern".
The highest part of the district is a low (35 metres) ridge running west to east only 3 km south of the River Stour. The greater part of the district is undulating land sloping very gently to the south which is traversed by a number of streams.
The district is divided into the following parishes. "From" indicates older parishes which have now been merged.
Clacton-on-Sea(town council, from Great Clacton and Little Holland)
Frinton and Walton(from Frinton, Great Holland, Kirby-le-Soken, Kirby CrossAnd Walton-on-the-Naze)
* Great Oakley
Harwich(from Dovercourtand St Nicholas)
* Little Oakley
* Ramsey and Parkeston
In the extreme east of the district is an area formerly known as the Soken which was granted special privileges in Saxon times. It is remembered in the place names Kirby-le-Soken, Thorpe-le-Soken and Walton-le-Soken (an older name for Walton-on-the-Naze).
* [http://www.historicaldirectories.org/hd/pageviewer.asp?pnum=349&zoom=in&dn=BCL8011tif Entry in Kelly's Directory of Essex, 1894]
* The local water supply company preserves the old name: [http://www.thws.co.uk/ Tendring Hundred Water Services Ltd]
* [http://www.boundarycommittee.org.uk/your-area/tendring.cfm Review of ward boundaries] by the Boundary Committee with maps
* [http://www.battym.freeserve.co.uk/sokenindex.html History notes on the Sokens]
* [http://www.frinton.org/ Unofficial Frinton website]
* [http://www.tendringnetwork.co.uk Tendring Social Network Website]
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