- Kawai Gyokudō
name = Kawai Gyokudō
imagesize = 180px
caption = Kawai Gyokudō
birthname = Kawai Yoshisaburō
24 November 1873
Ichinomiya, Aichi, Japan
30 June 1957
nationality = Japanese
field = Painter
nihongo|Kawai Gyokudō|川合 玉堂|Kawai Gyokudō|extra=
24 November 1873- 30 June 1957was the pseudonym of a Japanese painter in the nihongaschool, active from Meiji through Showa periodJapan. His real name was Kawai Yoshisaburō.
Gyokudō was born in what is now Ichinomiya city,
Aichi Prefecture, as the eldest son of a paper, ink and brush merchant. He went to Kyotoin 1887 to study under Kono Baireiof the Maruyama-Shijo school of painting. In 1896, he moved to Tokyoand he became the student of Hashimoto Gahō, of the Kano school. He also studied Western-style painting and developed a highly personal style, especially in the field of landscape painting.
Gyokudō is noted for his polychrome and occasionally monochrome works depicting the mountains and rivers of Japan in the four seasons, with humans and animals shown as part of the natural landscape. Among his representative works are "Futsuka zuki" (“The New Moon”), "Yuku haru" (“The Departing Spring”), "Mine-no-yu" (“Evening at the Mountain Top”), and "Bosetsu" (“Snow in the Evening”).
In 1898, Gyokudō joined with
Okakura Tenshinand Yokoyama Taikanto found the "Nihon Bijutsuin" ( Japan Fine Art Academy). In 1907, Gyokudo was selected as a judge for the first annual " Bunten" Exhibition. He became a teacher at the "Tokyo Bijutsu Gakko" (the forerunner of the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music) in 1919.
In 1940, he was awarded the
Order of Cultureby the Japanese government.
Most of his works are preserved and displayed at the
Gyokudo Art Museum, in Ome, Tokyo.
*Fleeting spring (1916)
*Tinted Rain (1940)
* Briessen, Fritz van. "The Way of the Brush: Painting Techniques of China and Japan". Tuttle (1999). ISBN 0804831947
* Conant, Ellen P., Rimer, J. Thomas, Owyoung, Stephen. "Nihonga: Transcending the Past: Japanese-Style Painting, 1868-1968". Weatherhill (1996). ISBN 0834803631
* Kimura, Ihee. "Four Japanese painters: Taikan Yokoyama, Gyokudo Kawai, Shoen Uemura, Kiyokata Kaburaki" (JPS picture books). Japan Photo Service (1939). ASIN: B000888WYA
* [http://www.lingnanart.com/J-master/J-master-gyokudo.htm brief bio and works]
* [http://www.yamagata-art-museum.or.jp/en/j_collec/04.html Spring Rain at Yamagata Art Museum]
* [http://www.all-tama.co.jp/area/bunka/gyoku.htm Home page to Gyokudo Art Museum (Japanese)]
* [http://www.adachi-museum.or.jp/e/c_gyokudo.html bio and work at Adachi Museum of Art]
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