Kawai Gyokudō


Kawai Gyokudō

Infobox Artist
name = Kawai Gyokudō


imagesize = 180px
caption = Kawai Gyokudō
birthname = Kawai Yoshisaburō
birthdate = 24 November 1873
location = Ichinomiya, Aichi, Japan
deathdate = 30 June 1957
deathplace = Tokyo, Japan
nationality = Japanese
field = Painter
training =
movement = Nihonga
works =
patrons =
awards =

nihongo|Kawai Gyokudō|川合 玉堂|Kawai Gyokudō|extra= 24 November 1873 - 30 June 1957 was the pseudonym of a Japanese painter in the nihonga school, active from Meiji through Showa period Japan. His real name was Kawai Yoshisaburō.

Gyokudō was born in what is now Ichinomiya city, Aichi Prefecture, as the eldest son of a paper, ink and brush merchant. He went to Kyoto in 1887 to study under Kono Bairei of the Maruyama-Shijo school of painting. In 1896, he moved to Tokyo and he became the student of Hashimoto Gahō, of the Kano school. He also studied Western-style painting and developed a highly personal style, especially in the field of landscape painting.

Gyokudō is noted for his polychrome and occasionally monochrome works depicting the mountains and rivers of Japan in the four seasons, with humans and animals shown as part of the natural landscape. Among his representative works are "Futsuka zuki" (“The New Moon”), "Yuku haru" (“The Departing Spring”), "Mine-no-yu" (“Evening at the Mountain Top”), and "Bosetsu" (“Snow in the Evening”).

In 1898, Gyokudō joined with Okakura Tenshin and Yokoyama Taikan to found the "Nihon Bijutsuin" (Japan Fine Art Academy). In 1907, Gyokudo was selected as a judge for the first annual "Bunten" Exhibition. He became a teacher at the "Tokyo Bijutsu Gakko" (the forerunner of the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music) in 1919.

In 1940, he was awarded the Order of Culture by the Japanese government.

Most of his works are preserved and displayed at the Gyokudo Art Museum, in Ome, Tokyo.

Major works

*Fleeting spring (1916)
*Tinted Rain (1940)

References

* Briessen, Fritz van. "The Way of the Brush: Painting Techniques of China and Japan". Tuttle (1999). ISBN 0804831947
* Conant, Ellen P., Rimer, J. Thomas, Owyoung, Stephen. "Nihonga: Transcending the Past: Japanese-Style Painting, 1868-1968". Weatherhill (1996). ISBN 0834803631
* Kimura, Ihee. "Four Japanese painters: Taikan Yokoyama, Gyokudo Kawai, Shoen Uemura, Kiyokata Kaburaki" (JPS picture books). Japan Photo Service (1939). ASIN: B000888WYA

External links

* [http://www.lingnanart.com/J-master/J-master-gyokudo.htm brief bio and works]
* [http://www.yamagata-art-museum.or.jp/en/j_collec/04.html Spring Rain at Yamagata Art Museum]
* [http://www.all-tama.co.jp/area/bunka/gyoku.htm Home page to Gyokudo Art Museum (Japanese)]
* [http://www.adachi-museum.or.jp/e/c_gyokudo.html bio and work at Adachi Museum of Art]


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