- Henry Phipps, 1st Earl of Mulgrave
Henry Phipps, 1st Earl of Mulgrave (
14 February 1755– 7 April 1831) was a British politician.
Eton Collegeand the Middle Temple, he entered the army in 1775, and eventually rose to the rank of General. He saw service in the Caribbean during the American Revolutionary War. In 1784 Phipps was elected to the House of Commons for Totnes. He supported the government of Pitt, to whom he eventually became close. In 1790, he was elected for Scarborough in Yorkshire.
He succeeded his brother Constantine John Phipps as Baron Mulgrave in the
Peerage of Irelandin 1792, but did not succeed to his brother's British title. In 1793, due to the fact that he was on a mission to the King of Sardinia in Turin, he was near at hand when British forces captured the French port of Toulon, and he briefly took command of the British land forces there, before withdrawing upon the arrival of more senior officers. In 1794 he was granted a British peerage as Baron Mulgrave, entering the House of Lords. In 1799 he was sent out on another special military mission, this time to the headquarters of the Austrian commander, Archduke Charles, to attempt to persuade him to retain his troops in Switzerlandrather than removing them to the Middle Rhine, but he was unsuccessful.
Mulgrave supported Pitt when he resigned in 1801, and in return for his loyalty was rewarded with the office of
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster(1804–1805) in Pitt's second government. Following an accident suffered by Lord Harrowby, Mulgrave took his place as Foreign Secretary, in which position he helped Pitt to form the Third Coalitionagainst Napoleon.
With the death of Pitt and the formation of the
Ministry of All the Talentsin 1806, Mulgrave, along with the other Pittites, went into opposition, but when the Pittites returned to power in 1807, Mulgrave served in various major offices, first as First Lord of the Admiralty(1807–1810), then as Master-General of the Ordnance(1810–1819), and finally as Minister without Portfolio (1819–1820). As First Lord he was heavily involved in planning both the successful expedition against Copenhagenin 1807, and the disastrous one to Walcherenin 1809. After moving to the ordnance board, Mulgrave became less active politically. He was created Earl of Mulgrave in 1812, and was succeeded by his son, Constantine Henry, who was later created Marquess of Normanby.
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Henry Phipps — Sir Henry Philip Phipps, né le 14 février 1755 à Mulgrave (Yorkshire), décédé le 7 avril 1831 à Wilton Crescent, à Londres, 1er comte de Mulgrave, est un homme pol … Wikipédia en Français
Constantine Phipps, 1st Marquess of Normanby — The Most Honourable The Marquess of Normanby KG, GCB, GCH, PC Lord Lieutenant of Ireland … Wikipedia
Constantine Phipps, 1st Baron Mulgrave — (1722 – 13 September 1775) was an Irish peer. Phipps was baptised on 22 August 1722. On 26 February 1743, he married Hon. Lepell Hervey, the daughter of John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey and Mary Lepell. He was created Baron Mulgrave, of New Ross in… … Wikipedia
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