Arthrobacter


Arthrobacter

Taxobox
color = lightgrey
name = "Arthrobacter"


image_caption="Arthrobacter globiformis"
regnum = Bacteria
phylum = Actinobacteria
ordo = Actinomycetales
familia = Micrococcaceae
genus = "Arthrobacter"
genus_authority = Conn & Dimmick, 1947
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision =

"Arthrobacter" (from the Greek, "jointed small stick”) is a genus of bacteria that is commonly found in soil. All species in this genus are Gram-positive obligate aerobes that are rods during exponential growth and cocci in their stationary phase.

Colonies of "Arthrobacter" have a greenish metallic center on mineral salts pyridone broth incubated at 20°C. This genus is distinctive because of its unusual habit of "snapping division" in which the outer bacterial cell wall ruptures at a joint (hence its name). Microbiologists refer to the type of cell division in which rods break into cocci as reversion. Under the microscope, these dividing cells appear as chevrons ("V" shapes). Other notable characteristics are that it can use pyridone as its sole carbon source, and that its cocci are resistant to desiccation and starvation.

Life cycle

Induction phase (rods and cocci are mixed), Bacillary phase (motile rods predominate during exponential growth), Reversion phase (rods break into cocci) -> Induction...

References

* [http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1008309026751 DOI]

External links

* [http://www.genomesonline.org/bin/search.cgi?orgcol=org&domcol=dom&typecol=type&sizecol=size&infocol=info&analycol=analy&instcol=inst&datacol=data&contcol=contact&statuscol=status&goldstamp=ALL&gen_type=ALL&org_name1=genus&gensp=Arthrobacter&org_domain=ALL&org_status=ALL&size2=ALL&org_size=Kb&gen_gc=ALL&gen_seqmethod=ALL&gen_oxygenReq=ALL&gen_cellShape=ALL&gen_cellArrange=ALL&gen_motility=ALL&gen_sporulation=ALL&gen_energy=ALL&gen_tempRange=ALL&gen_temperature=ALL&gen_salinity=ALL&gen_ph=ALL&gen_symbiont=ALL&phylogeny2=ALL&phylogeny3=ALL&gen_institution=ALL&gen_funding=ALL&gen_data=ALL&cont=ALL&gen_country=ALL&gen_pheno=ALL&gen_habitat=ALL&gen_disease=ALL&gen_relevance=ALL&gen_avail=ALL&selection=submit+search Arthrobacter Genome Projects] (from [http://www.genomesonline.org Genomes OnLine Database] )

* [http://img.jgi.doe.gov/cgi-bin/pub/main.cgi?section=TaxonList&page=lineageMicrobes&genus=Arthrobacter Comparative Analysis of Arthrobacter Genomes] (at DOE's IMG system)


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  • Arthrobacter — Arthrobạcter   der, s/ , Gattung grampositiver Bakterien, die während ihres Wachstumszyklus einer Formveränderung unterliegen und daher stäbchenförmig, keulenförmig oder kugelförmig sein können. Die sich durch Trockenresistenz auszeichnenden… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • arthrobacter — ar·thro·bac·ter …   English syllables

  • arthrobacter — ˈ ̷ ̷(ˌ) ̷ ̷ˌbaktə(r) noun Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from arthr + bacter : a genus of soil bacteria comprising cellulolytic forms that resemble and are often considered to be members of Corynebacterium * * * /ahr throh bak teuhr/,… …   Useful english dictionary


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