- Western Iranian languages
Western Iranian Geographic
Southwest Asia, Central Asia, and western South Asia Linguistic classification: Indo-European Subdivisions:Northwestern IranianSouthwestern Iranian
The Western Iranian languages are a subgroup of the Iranian languages, attested from the time of Old Persian (6th century BC).
The two sub-branches are:
- Northwestern Iranian languages
- Southwestern Iranian languages
The opposition of these two dialect groups is apparent already in Old Iranian times, from the opposition of Old Persian and Median.
The Northwestern Iranian languages are a branch of the Western Iranian language group. They are classified into about 9 groups; each group in this list contains subgroups, dialects or individual languages, eventually forming 53-54 branches.
- Azari* (the original Azeri language)
- Central Iran (See)
- Kurdish (Dialects: Sorani (Central Kurdish), Kurmanji (Northern Kurdish), Laki. (See: Windfuhr, G. The Iranian Languages, P. 587, 2009)
- Zaza–Gorani languages: Gorani (Hawrami), Bajelan, Kirmanjki (Northern Zaza), Dimli (Southern Zaza), Shabak, Sarli
- Semnani, Sangisari, Lasgerdi, Sorkhei, Aftari, Biyabanaki
- Caspian (Mazandarani (Gorgani*), Shahmirzadi, Gilaki
- Balochi, Koroshi
- Talysh, Gozarkhani, Kabatei, Kajali, Karingani, Koresh-e Rostam, Maraghei, Razajerdi, Shahrudi, Tati (Dialects: Chali, Takestani, Eshtehardi, Khiaraji, Ebrahim-abadi, Sagz-abadi, Danesfani, Esfarvarini, Khoznini; Kho'ini, Balbavini, Sefid-kamari, Halabi, Sa'd-abadi; Khalkhali, Taromi; Harzandi; Dizmari, Kuhpaya'i, Rudbari, Alamuti)
The Southwestern Iranian languages also called the Persid group are a subgroup of the Western Iranian languages, and include some 16 (SIL estimate) closely related languages and dialects. Each subfamily in this list contains subgroups and individual languages.
- Old Persian*, Middle Persian*, standard modern Iranian Persian, Dari (Afghan) Persian, Tajik Persian, Hazaragi Persian, Dzhidi or Judæo-Persian, Madaglashti, Bukhori language, the Persian dialects in Khuzestan, the Aimaq dialect, the Darwazi Persian, Dehwari Persian, Pahlavni Persian, and the Dezfuli dialect
- Juhuri language, Tat language (Caucasus)
- the dialects of Fars, Judeo-Shirazi, the Larestani dialects, and the Bashkardi language
- the Lori dialects (Luri, Mamasani, Kohkiluyeh, Bakhtiari), the Kumzari language
- Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum, ed. Rüdiger Schmitt. Wiesbaden: L. Reichert Verlag, 1989; p. 99.
Iranian languages OldEasternWesternMedian · Old Persian MiddleEasternWestern ModernEasternWesternItalics indicate extinct languages
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