Ida Lupino


Ida Lupino

Infobox actor
name = Ida Lupino


imagesize = 200px
caption = publicity photo c.1935
birthdate = birth date|1918|2|4|mf=y
birthplace = Camberwell, London U.K.
deathdate = 3 August 1995 (age 77)
deathplace = Los Angeles, California
active = fy|1931–fy|1978
spouse = Louis Hayward (1938-1945)
Collier Young (1948-1951)
Howard Duff (1951-1984)
awards = NYFCC Award for Best Actress
1943 "The Hard Way"
Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress
1975 "The Devil's Rain"
Walk of Fame - Motion Picture
6841 Hollywood Blvd
Walk of Fame - Television
1724 Vine Street

Ida Lupino (4 February fy|1918Recorded in "Births Mar 1918" Camberwell Vol.1d page 1019 (Free BMD). Transcribed as "Lupine" in the official births index] – 3 August fy|1995) was an English film actress, director, and a pioneer among women filmmakers. In her 48 year career, she appeared in 59 films, and directed nine others. She also appeared in episodic television 58 times and directed 50 other episodes. In addition, she contributed as a writer to five films and four TV episodes. [imdb name|0526946]

Acting career

Born into a family of performers,All Movie Guide [http://www.allmovie.com/cg/avg.dll?p=avg&sql=2:100403~T1 Biography] ] Lupino was encouraged to enter show-business by both her parents and a first cousin once-removed, Lupino Lane, Lupino made her first film appearance in fy|1931, in "The Love Race", and worked for several years playing minor roles.

It was after her appearance in "The Light That Failed" in fy|1939 that Lupino was taken seriously as a dramatic actress. As a result, her parts improved during the 1940s and she began to describe herself as "the poor man's Bette Davis." [cite book |last=Katz |first=Ephraim |authorlink=Ephraim Katz |coauthors=Fred Klein, Ronald Dean Nolan |title=The Film Encyclopedia |edition=3rd Edition |year=1998 |publisher=HarperPerennial |location=New York |language=English |isbn=0-06-273492-X |pages=p. 858 ] While working for Warner Brothers, Lupino would refuse parts that Davis also had rejected, and earned herself suspensions.fact|date=February 2008

During this period, Lupino became known for her hard-boiled rolesfact|date=February 2008, and appeared in such films as "They Drive by Night" (fy|1940) and "High Sierra" (fy|1941), both opposite Humphrey Bogart. She acted regularly and was in high demand throughout the 1940s without becoming a major star.

In fy|1947, Lupino left Warner Brothers to become a freelance actress. Notable films she appeared in around that time include "Road House" and "On Dangerous Ground".

Directing career

It was during a suspension in the late 1940s that Lupino began studying the processes behind the camera. Her first directing job came unexpectedly in fy|1949 when Elmer Clifton suffered a mild heart attack and couldn't finish "Not Wanted", the film he was directing for Filmways, the company started by Lupino and her husband Collier Young to make low-budget issue-oriented movies. Lupino stepped in to finish the film, and went on to direct her own projects, becoming Hollywood's only female film director of the time. [There had been a number of woman film directors in the early days of American fillm-making, but as the industry became more centralized and controlled, the females faded away or were pushed out of directing.] After four "woman's" films about social issue – including "Outrage" fy|1950, a film about rape – Lupino directed her first hard-paced fast-moving picture, "The Hitch-Hiker" (fy|1953), making her the first woman to direct a film noir.

Lupino often joked that if she had been the "poor man's Bette Davis" as an actress, then she had become the "poor man's Don Siegel" as a director. [cite web| last = Wood| first = Bret| authorlink =| coauthors =| title = Outrage (1950)| work = | publisher = Turner Classic Movies Online | date = | url = http://www.tcm.com/thismonth/article.jsp?cid=102732&mainArticleId=159651 | format = | doi = | accessdate = 2008-08-10 ] In 1952, Lupino was invited to become the "fourth star" in Four Star Productions by Dick Powell, David Niven and Charles Boyer, after Joel McCrea and Rosalind Russell dropped out.

Television work

Lupino continued acting throughout the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, and her directing efforts during these years were almost exclusively television productions such as "Alfred Hitchcock Presents", "The Twilight Zone", "Have Gun Will Travel", "The Donna Reed Show", "Gilligan's Island", "77 Sunset Strip", "The Ghost & Mrs. Muir", "The Rifleman","Batman", "Bonanza", "The Untouchables", "The Fugitive", and "Bewitched".

From January ytv|1957 through September ytv|1958, Lupino starred with her husband, Howard Duff, in the CBS comedy "Mr. Adams and Eve", in which they played husband and wife film stars named Howard Adams and Eve Drake. Also, they co-starred as themselves in 1959 in one of the 13 one-hour installments of the "Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour". Later in her career, Lupino guest starred on numerous television programs, before retiring at the age of 60 after making her final film appearance in fy|1978.

Awards

Lupino has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contributions to the fields of television and motion pictures. They are located at 1724 Vine Street and 6821 Hollywood Boulevard.

Personal life

Lupino was born in Camberwell, London (allegedlywho under a table during a World War I zeppelin raid), the daughter of actress Connie O'Shea (a.k.a. Connie Emerald) and music hall entertainer, Stanley Lupino, one of the Lupino family. She was born in 1918 and not 1914 as other biographies have it.

She married and divorced three times:
* Louis Hayward, actor (November 1938 - May 11, 1945)
* Collier Young, producer (1948 - 1951)
* Howard Duff, actor (October 1951 - 1984), with whom she had a daughter, Bridget Duff (b. April 23, 1952)

Lupino died from a stroke while undergoing treatment for colon cancer in Los Angeles, California, in August 1995, aged 77.fact|date=February 2008 She is interred in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California. [ [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=pif&GRid=9485&PIgrid=9485&PIcrid=7974 Ida Lupino] at Find A Grave]

Miscellany

Lupino was the titular subject of a jazz homage composed by Carla Bley.

Filmography

As Actress

;Short Subjects:
*"La Fiesta de Santa Barbara" (1935)
*"Screen Snapshots Series 18, No. 6" (1939)

;Features:
*"The Love Race" (fy|1931)
*"I Lived with You" (fy|1933)
*"High Finance" (1933)
*"Her First Affaire" (1933)
*"The Ghost Camera" (1933)
*"Money for Speed" (1933)
*"Prince of Arcadia" (1933)
*"Search for Beauty" (fy|1934)
*"Come on Marines" (1934)
*"Ready for Love" (1934)
*"Paris in Spring" (fy|1935)
*"Smart Girl" (1935)
*"Peter Ibbetson" (1935)
*"Anything Goes" (fy|1936)
*"One Rainy Afternoon" (1936)
*"Yours for the Asking" (1936)
*"The Gay Desperado" (1936)
*"Sea Devils" (fy|1937)
*"Let's Get Married" (1937)
*"Artists and Models" (1937)
*"Fight for Your Lady" (1937)
*"The Lone Wolf Spy Hunt" (fy|1939)
*"The Lady and the Mob" (1939)
*"The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" (1939)
*"The Light that Failed" (1939)
*"They Drive by Night" (fy|1940)
*"High Sierra" (fy|1941)
*"The Sea Wolf" (1941)
*"Out of the Fog" (1941)
*"Ladies in Retirement" (1941)
*"Moontide" (fy|1942)
*"Life Begins at Eight-Thirty" (1942)
*"Forever and a Day" (fy|1943)
*"The Hard Way" (1943)
*"Thank Your Lucky Stars" (1943)
*"In Our Time" (fy|1944)
*"Hollywood Canteen" (1944)
*"Pillow to Post" (fy|1945)
*"Devotion" (fy|1946)
*"The Man I Love" (fy|1947)
*"Deep Valley" (1947)
*"Escape Me Never" (1947)
*"Road House" (fy|1948)
*"Lust for Gold" (fy|1949)
*"Woman in Hiding" (fy|1950)
*"Outrage" (1950)
*"Hard, Fast and Beautiful" (fy|1951)
*"On the Loose" (1951) (narrator)
*"On Dangerous Ground" (fy|1952)
*"Beware, My Lovely" (1952)
*"Jennifer" (fy|1953)
*"The Bigamist" (1953)
*"Private Hell 36" (fy|1954)
*"Women's Prison" (fy|1955)
*"The Big Knife" (1955)
*"While the City Sleeps" (fy|1956)
*"Strange Intruder" (1956)
*"Deadhead Miles" (fy|1972)
*"Junior Bonner" (1972)
*"The Devil's Rain" (fy|1975)
*"The Food of the Gods" (fy|1976)
*"My Boys Are Good Boys" (fy|1978)

As Director

*"Not Wanted" (fy|1949) (uncredited)
*"Never Fear" (1949)
*"Outrage" (fy|1950)
*"Hard, Fast and Beautiful" (fy|1951)
*"On Dangerous Ground" (fy|1952) (uncredited)
*"The Hitch-Hiker" (fy|1953)
*"The Bigamist" (1953)
*"Private Hell 36" (fy|1954)
*"The Trouble with Angels" (fy|1966)

Notes

External links

*
*
*
* [http://www.tcmdb.com/participant/participant.jsp?participantId=117729|72365&afiPersonalNameId=null Ida Lupino] at the TCM Movie Database

Persondata
NAME= Lupino, Ida
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=
DATE OF BIRTH= birth date|1918|2|4|mf=y
PLACE OF BIRTH= Camberwell, London, England
DATE OF DEATH= death date and age |1995|8|3|1918|2|4
PLACE OF DEATH= Los Angeles, California


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