Emakimono


Emakimono

Nihongo|Emakimono|絵巻物|emakimono|lit. 'picture scroll', often simply called Nihongo|"emaki"|絵巻, is a horizontal, illustrated narrative form created during the 11th to 16th centuries in Japan. "Emakimono" combines both text and pictures, and is drawn, painted, or stamped on a handscroll. They depict battles, romance, religion, folk tales, and stories of the supernatural world. [http://www.askasia.org/teachers/essays/essay.php?no=51] . It is seen as the origin of modern manga.

History and physical characteristics

The tradition of the handscroll originated in India and came to Japan from China in the 6th or 7th century along with Buddhism. Interest in this manner of art and storytelling became popular during the Kamakura period partly as these portable scrolls were convenient for propagating new Buddhist sects.

The scrolls, made of paper or silk, were attached to a wooden dowel at the left end to be rolled up for storage. Rolled up, the scrolls were secured with a braided silk cord, then backed by silk. Secured, the scrolls could be carried, placed on shelves, or stored in elaborate lacquerware. [http://www.bookrags.com/history/worldhistory/emakimono-ema-02.html] The scrolls ranged in size, averaging 30 centimeters (1 ft.) in width and 9 to 12 meters (30 to 40 ft.) in length. A normal story would take one to three scrolls in total.

"Emakimono" are read by exposing an arms-length of the scroll at a time, from right to left, as Japanese is written. It was common for there to be a written account of the story being illustrated either at the start of the scroll, or interspersed between the pictures. It is expected that the person viewing the scroll will re-roll the scroll back in its original form, much as one is supposed to rewind video tape after viewing it.

"Emakimono" also serve as some of the earliest and greatest examples of the "otoko-e" (Men's pictures) and "onna-e" (Women's pictures) styles of painting. There are many fine differences in the two styles, appealing to the aesthetic preferences of the genders. But perhaps most easily noticeable are the differences in subject matter. "Onna-e", epitomized by the Tale of Genji handscroll, typically deals with court life, particularly the court ladies, and with romantic themes. "Otoko-e", on the other hand, often recorded historical events, particularly battles. The Siege of the Sanjō Palace (1160), depicted in the painting "Night Attack on the Sanjō Palace" is a famous example of this style.

Well known examples

The most often discussed example of "emakimono" is the "Genji Monogatari Emaki" dating from about 1130. This "emaki" illustrates Murasaki Shikibu's epic "The Tale of Genji". Written about the year 1000, the novel deals with the life and loves of Prince Genji and the world of the Heian court after his death. While only 15% of the original scrolls remain, the fragments are held as national treasures.

The "Chōjū giga" (Scroll of Frolicking Animals) by Toba Sōjō is unusual in its own medium, as it does not contain any text, only pictures. It depicts scenes of animals in amusing scenes, analogizing Japanese society in the 12th century.

ee also

* Kamishibai
* Wayang beber
*Moving panorama
* Cantastoria
* Manga

References

* [http://www.askasia.org/teachers/essays/essay.php?no=51 "Emakimono: Japanese Picture Scrolls"] by contributors to [http://www.askasia.org/ "askasia.org"] , retrieved May 23, 2006
* [http://www.bookrags.com/history/worldhistory/emakimono-ema-02.html "Emakimono"] by Catherine Pagani, "BookRags", retrieved May 23, 2006

External links

* [http://eos.kokugakuin.ac.jp/modules/xwords/entry.php?entryID=282 "Emaki" in the Encyclopedia of Shinto] (Kokugakuin University)
* [http://www.kokingumi.com/ChojuGiga/index.html "The Choju Giga by Masakazu Yoshizawa"]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • emakimono — var. makimono …   Useful english dictionary

  • Emakimono — Abschnitt aus dem Genji Monogatari (Detail) Emakimono (jap. 絵巻物), kurz Emaki (絵巻), ist eine Form von illustrierten Erzählungen, dessen Ursprünge bis zur Heian Zeit in Japan zurückreichen. Emakimono kombiniert Text und Bilder. Es …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emakimono — Emaki Scène du Genji monogatari (v. 1130). L’emaki (絵巻, emaki …   Wikipédia en Français

  • emakimono —    In Japanese art tradition, a horizontal scroll painting to be unrolled by hand …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • Chōjū-jinbutsu-giga — Animals wrestling on the first scroll of Chōjū jinbutsu giga. Material Paper and ink. Created 12th century and 13th century Discovered Scrolls were known si …   Wikipedia

  • The Diary of Lady Murasaki — Murasaki Shikibu depicted in c. 1765 ink and color Nishiki e by Komatsuken. The Diary of Lady Murasaki (紫式部日記 Murasaki Shikibu Nikki) records the daily life of the Heian era lady in waiting and writer, Lady Murasaki Shikibu, author of The Tale of …   Wikipedia

  • Emaki — Abschnitt aus dem Genji Monogatari (Detail) Emakimono (jap. 絵巻物), kurz Emaki (絵巻), ist eine Form von illustrierten Erzählungen, dessen Ursprünge bis zur Heian Zeit in Japan zurückreichen. Emakimono kombiniert Text und Bilder. Es ist auf eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bande dessinée japonaise — Manga Pour les articles homonymes, voir Manga (homonymie). Article de la série …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Manga — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Manga (homonymie). Manga écrit en kanji …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Japanese painting — is one of the oldest and most highly refined of the Japanese arts, encompassing a wide variety of genre and styles. As with the history of Japanese arts in general, the history Japanese painting is a long history of synthesis and competition… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.