- Charles Townley (officer of arms)
Early and private life
Charles Townley was born on Tower Hill in 1713, the son of Charles Townley, of Clapham, Surrey and Sarah Wilde, daughter of William Wilde of Long-Whatton in Leicestershire. His mother died the following year. His father remarried twice; with Gertrude Kirkes, he had a large family. Townley was a descendant of a younger branch of the Town(e)ley family of Towneley Hall, Burnley, Lancashire, the head of which at this time was the antiquary Charles Towneley.
Sir Charles married Mary, the youngest daughter of George Eastwood of Thornhill in the West Riding of Yorkshire, and had four children: Charles (who became Lancaster Herald of Arms in Ordinary), William, John and Mary.
He began his heraldic career as York Herald of Arms in Ordinary in 1735, having "agreed to purchase Mr Jones, York's, tabard, for £400". In other words, he purchased the position from his predecessor. There was opposition to his obtaining the position because of his relation to the Townleys of Lancashire, who were involved in the 1715 attempt to restore the Stuarts to the throne. The king, George II, eventually granted letters patent appointing him to the position. This was the first patent appointing a herald to have been written in English. Townley's appointment was also notable for having a warrant issued by Francis Howard, Earl of Effingham as Deputy Earl Marshal allowing the ceremony of creation as a herald to be dispensed with, even though a patent had been signed to perform it. He progressed through the ranks of the College of Arms, being appointed Norroy King of Arms on November 2, 1751 and Clarenceux King of Arms on January 11, 1755. He ended his career with an appointment to the most senior position of Garter Principal King of Arms in 1772. He held this post until his death two years later.
- Mark Noble, A History of the College of Arms &c, (London, 1804)
- "Townley, Charles". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Charles Townley — For the British officer of arms, see Charles Townley (officer of arms). See also: Towneley (family) Charles Townley in the Park St. Gallery by Zoffany, 1783, Burnley. Top, on the bookcase, the Townley Vase. Right, on a puteal, the … Wikipedia
Clarenceux King of Arms — The arms of office of the Clarenceux King of Arms Tradition Gallo British … Wikipedia
Norroy and Ulster King of Arms — The arms of office of the Norroy and Ulster King of Arms Tradition Gallo British … Wikipedia
Garter Principal King of Arms — is the senior King of Arms, and the senior Officer of Arms of the College of Arms. The office takes its name from the Order of the Garter. Henry V of England instituted the office of Garter in 1415 just before sailing for France. Garter is… … Wikipedia
York Herald — of Arms in Ordinary is an officer of arms at the College of Arms. The first York Herald is believed to have been an officer to Edmund of Langley, Duke of York around the year 1385, but the first completely reliable reference to such a herald is… … Wikipedia
Lancaster Herald — of Arms in Ordinary is an English officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. The title of Lancaster Herald first occurs in 1347 at Calais, and to begin with this officer was a servant to the noble house of Lancaster. As a retainer of John… … Wikipedia
Bluemantle Pursuivant — of Arms in Ordinary is a junior officer of arms of the College of Arms in London. The office is reputed to have been created by King Henry V to serve the Order of the Garter, but there is no documentary evidence of this. There is, however,… … Wikipedia
Operation Condor — For other uses, see Operation Condor (disambiguation). Operation Condor … Wikipedia
Dirty War — For other uses, see Dirty War (disambiguation). Argentinean Dirty War Part of Operation Condor … Wikipedia
Merchant Taylors' School, Northwood — This article is about the Independent school in Northwood, Hertfordshire. For the independent school in Crosby, Merseyside, see Merchant Taylors School, Crosby. Merchant Taylors School Motto Latin: Concordia parvae res crescunt ( Small things… … Wikipedia