Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel


Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel

For|the original subway tunnel to Brooklyn, sometimes called the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel in the early days [CityClub of New York, [http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC28110662&id=Aj4-cN9oow0C New York City Transit: A Memorandum Addressed to the Public Service Commission of the First District] , 1907] |Joralemon Street TunnelInfobox_Bridge
bridge_name= Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel


caption= Manhattan portal
official_name=
also_known_as=
carries= 4 lanes of I-478
crosses= East River
locale= Manhattan, New York and Brooklyn, New York
maint= Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority
id=
design=
mainspan=
length= 2,778.86 m (9,117 feet)
width=
clearance=12 feet 1 inch (3.7 m)
below=
traffic= 52,400 [cite web | url=https://www.nysdot.gov/portal/page/portal/divisions/engineering/technical-services/hds-respository/appendixctdr.pdf | accessdate=2007-05-05 | title=2005 NYSDOT Traffic Data Report: AADT Values for Select Toll Facilities]
open= May 25, 1950
closed=
toll= $5.00 (both directions per car in cash); discount available with E-ZPass
map_cue=
map_

map_text=
map_width=
lat=
long=

The Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel is a toll road in New York City which crosses under the East River at its mouth, connecting the Boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan. The tunnel nearly passes underneath Governors Island however does not provide vehicular access to the island. It consists of twin tubes, carrying an aggregate of four traffic lanes, and at 9,117 feet (2,779 meters) is the longest continuous underwater vehicular tunnel in North America. It was opened to traffic in 1950. It currently carries the unsigned Interstate 478, and formerly carried New York State Route 27A.

Overview

The "Battery" in the tunnel's name refers to the southernmost tip of Manhattan Island, site of an artillery battery during the city's earliest days.

The tunnel is owned by the City of New York and operated by the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority, an affiliate agency of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority.

Robert Moses, the chairman of the Triborough Bridge Authority, attempted to scuttle the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel proposal and have a bridge built in its place. Many objected to the proposed bridge on the grounds that it would spoil the dramatic view of the Manhattan skyline, reduce Battery Park to minuscule size and destroy what was then the New York Aquarium at Castle Clinton. Moses remained adamant, and it was only an order from President Franklin D. Roosevelt, via military channels, which restored the tunnel project, on the grounds that a bridge built seaward of the Brooklyn Navy Yard would prove a hazard to national defense. This edict was issued in spite of the fact that the Manhattan Bridge and the Brooklyn Bridge were already seaward of the Navy Yard.

The tunnel was designed by Ole Singstad and partially completed when World War II brought a halt to construction. After the War, Moses's Triborough Bridge Authority was merged with the Tunnel Authority, allowing the new Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority to take over the project. Moses directed the tunnel be finished with a different method for finishing the tunnel walls. This resulted in leaking and, according to Caro, the TBTA fixed the leaks by using a design almost identical to Singstad's original. [Caro]

As of March 16, 2008, the crossing charge for a two-axle passenger vehicle is $5.00 in each direction, with a $0.50 discount for E-ZPass users. The crossing charge for a motorcycle is $2.50 charged in each direction, with a $0.25 discount for E-ZPass users.

In the 1997 feature film "Men in Black", the tunnel's Manhattan ventilation fan station is the location of the secret alien immigration terminal and the headquarters of the Men in Black.

Interstate 478

Infobox road
state=NY
route=478
type=I


maint=
length_mi=2.14
length_round=2
length_ref=cite web|url=http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/reports/routefinder/table2.cfm|title=Route Log and Finder List - Interstate System: Table 2|publisher=FHWA|accessdate=2008-03-28]
year_established=1971
direction_a=South
terminus_a=Jct|state=NY|I|278 in Brooklyn
direction_b=North
terminus_b=Jct|state=NY|NY|9A in Manhattan
previous_type=NY
previous_route=474
next_type=I
next_route=481
"Interstate 478"'s entire length consists of the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel and its approaches. Its south end is at Interstate 278, and its north end is at NY-9A (West Side Highway).

I-478 was planned to be signed and continue north to Interstate 78 at the Holland Tunnel via the now-canceled underground Westway project.

The I-478 number has been considered for other routes as well, including:
*The Lower Manhattan Expressway branch along the Manhattan Bridge, between I-78 (which was to use the branch to the Williamsburg Bridge) and I-278 (1958-1971)
*The Grand Central Parkway between I-278 and I-678 (1971)Before I-478 was moved to the Westway project in 1971, that project was planned as I-695, which would have continued north along the Henry Hudson Parkway to the George Washington Bridge (Interstate 95).

Further reading

*Caro, Robert A., "", New York: Knopf, 1974.

References

External links

* [http://www.nycroads.com/crossings/brooklyn-battery/ nycroads.com about Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel]

Crossings navbox
structure = Crossings
place = East River
bridge = Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel
bridge signs =
upstream = Joralemon Street Tunnel
upstream signs = NYCS-bull-small|4NYCS-bull-small|5
downstream = Verrazano Narrows Bridge
downstream signs =


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel — Das Tunnelportal in Brooklyn Nutzung Straßentunnel Verkehrsverbindung Interstate 478 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Battery Park — is a 25 acre (10 hectare) public park located at the Battery, the southern tip of the New York City borough of Manhattan, facing New York Harbor. The Battery is named for the artillery battery that was stationed there at various times by the… …   Wikipedia

  • Brooklyn — Infobox Settlement name = Brooklyn official name = Kings County other name = native name = settlement type =Borough of New York City total type = motto = imagesize = image caption = View of Brooklyn Heights from South Street Seaport. flag size =… …   Wikipedia

  • Brooklyn-Queens Expressway — The Brooklyn Queens Expressway (BQE) is an expressway which runs from southern Brooklyn, New York to the Grand Central Parkway in Queens, New York. It is a portion of Interstate 278. Route DescriptionThe expressway is mainly elevated in Brooklyn …   Wikipedia

  • Tunnel — (engl., »Trichter, Röhre«, v. altfranz. tonnel, Tonne; hierzu die Tafel »Tunnelbau« mit Text), ein wesentlich wagerechter Gang (Stollen) von solchen Abmessungen, daß ein Verkehrsweg (Straße, Schiffahrtkanal, Eisenbahn) durch das Erdinnere geführt …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Battery Park Underpass — The Battery Park Underpass was the second section of Manhattan s Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive to be completed, opening to the public in April 1951. [cite news|title=City Opens Underpass at Battery, $10,000,000 Link in Express… …   Wikipedia

  • Brücken und Tunnel im New Yorker Hafen — In New York City gibt es 2.027 Brücken. Hier geht es vorrangig um die Brücken und Tunnel im New Yorker Hafen Gebiet als Querungen der Gewässer in und um New York. Die längste Brücke ist die südlich gelegene Verrazano Narrows Brücke zwischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Queens–Midtown Tunnel — Queens Midtown Tunnel Queens Midtown Tunnel, NYC Portal Carries 4 lanes of I 495 Crosses East River …   Wikipedia

  • Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority — Infobox Company name = Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority type = Public benefit corporation genre = foundation = New York State (1933) founder = location city = 2 Broadway, New York, NY, 10004 location country = location = locations = area… …   Wikipedia

  • Joralemon Street Tunnel — Infobox Bridge bridge name= Joralemon Street Tunnel caption= official name= also known as= carries= 2 tracks of the NYCS service|4 and NYCS service|5 trains of the New York City Subway crosses= East River locale= Manhattan, New York and Brooklyn …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.