- Ptolemy II of Tusculum
Ptolemy II [Also Bartholomew, which means "son of Ptolemy."] (also "Ptolemaeus" or "Tolomeo") (d.1153) was the
count of Tusculumand consulof the Romans ("consul Romanorum") from 1126 to his death. He was the son and successor of Ptolemy I.
The younger Ptolemy entered the political scene of central Italy for the first time in 1117, when he appears as joint count with his father and is given in marriage to Bertha, illegitimate daughter of
Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor. At this time, the counts of Tusculum first claimed descent through the "gentes" Juliiand Octavii, a claim Ptolemy continued. The counts were also confirmed in their possession of all the territory of the Consul Gregory, Ptolemy I's grandfather.
Emperor Lothair IImarched home from Southern Italyin 1137, Ptolemy II met him at Tivoli. There, Lothair confirmed all of Ptolemy's possessions and his title of "Prince of Latium." In turn, Ptolemy gave his son Raino over to the emperor as a pledge of loyalty.
8 April 1149, Pope Eugene IIItook refuge in Ptolemy's Tusculuan fortress. This was the first time in forty years that the count of Tusculum had acted as a true ally of the true pope. At that time, Louis VII of Francestopped in Tusculum on return from the Second Crusade. Though shocked by the pope's straits, the king of Francedid nothing to help the pontiff. On 7 November, Eugene left Tusculum.
In Ptolemy's latter years, his house declined. In 1141, Bertha died and the tie to the old imperial family was broken. Ptolemy married a Pierleoni, a daughter of Petrus Leonis himself. He fell into debts which caused many properties in Tusculum itself to be lost or mortgaged. Many fell to the
Frangipani familyand the old fortress even fell to Eugene III. Ptolemy died in 1153 and was succeeded by his elder son Jonathan of Tusculum. His second son, the aforementioned Raino, was joint count and then sole count: the last count of Tusculum. Ptolemy did leave another son, named Jordan, who settled in Gavignanoin Volsciaafter the destruction of Tusculum in 1191.
*Gregorovius, Ferdinand. "Rome in the Middle Ages Vol. IV Part 1". 1905.
* [http://www.genealogie-mittelalter.de/crescentier_tuskulaner/ptolemaeus_2_graf_von_tusculum_1153/ptolemaeus_2_graf_von_tusculum_1153.html Lexikon des Mittelalters: "Ptolomaeus (Tolomeo) II. Graf von Tusculum".]
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