Iranian legislative election, 2004


Iranian legislative election, 2004

The first round of the 2004 elections to the Majlis of Iran were held on February 20, 2004. Most of the 290 seats were decided at that time but a runoff was held 2 1/2 months later on May 7, 2004, for the remaining thirty-nine seats where no candidate gained sufficient votes in the first round. In the Tehran area, the runoff elections were postponed to be held with the Iranian presidential election of June 17, 2005.

The elections took place amidst a serious political crisis following the January 2004 decision to ban about 2500 candidates -- nearly half of the total -- including 80 sitting Parliament deputies. This decision, by the conservative Council of Guardians vetting body, "shattered any pretense of Iranian democracy," according to some observers. [ [http://www.opendemocracy.net/democracy-irandemocracy/hostage_3009.jsp Iran: an afternoon with a hostage-taker, Afshin Molavi] 10-11-2005]

The victims of the ban were reformists, particularly members of the Islamic Iran Participation Front (IIPF), and included several leaders. In many parts of Iran, there weren't even enough independent candidates approved, so the reformists couldn't form an alliance with them. Out of a possible 285 seats (5 seats are reserved for religious minorities: Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians), the participating reformist parties could only introduce 191 candidates. Some reformist parties, like the IIPF, announced that they would not vote (although they specially mentioned they are not boycotting the elections); however, some moderate reformists, including President Mohammad Khatami, urged citizens to vote in order to deny the conservative candidates an easy majority.

While many pro-reform social and political figures, including Shirin Ebadi, had asked people not to vote, the official turnout was about 51%. Even in Tehran and its suburbs, a stronghold of reformist sympathies, turnout was about 28%, and one of the conservative alliances, "Etelaf-e Abadgaran-e Iran-e Eslami", won all of the city's 30 seats. There are rumors that some voters were transferred to Tehran or other big cities from other areas by some of the parties, and a claim that the Municipality of Tehran, whose mayor backed the same alliance, was advertising for the alliance illegally, using the government's budget.

The day before the election, the reformist newspapers Yas-e-no and Shargh were banned.

The preliminary results of the elections showed a victory by the conservatives. A basic comparison of the partial lists indicated that even among the seats where the reformist alliance had a candidate, only 28% (30 out of 107) were elected.


=Official statistics (from the Ministry of Interior)=

* Total candidates: 4679
* Decided in the first round: 225 of 289 seats
* To be decided in the second round: 64 seats
* Number of voting booths in the country: 39,885
* Number of staff: about 600,000
* Number of voters: 23,725,724 (1,971,748 in Tehran and its suburbs)

References

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/middle_east/2004/iran/default.stm BBC In Depth on Iran elections crisis]
* [http://www.sharghnewspaper.com/821127/list4.gifList of 191 reformist candidates (in Persian)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Iranian legislative election, 2008 — Legislative elections for Majlis of Iran were held on 14 March 2008, [ [http://www.rferl.org/featuresarticle/2007/06/8377e90e fb29 41ac 8cce d68dd8e338fb.html Iran: Politicians Concerned About New Election Date] Radio Free Europe, 8 June 2007]… …   Wikipedia

  • Iranian presidential election, 2009 — 2005 ← 12 June 2009 → 2013 …   Wikipedia

  • 2004 — MMIV redirects here. For the Modest Mouse album with these characters on its cover, see Baron von Bullshit Rides Again. This article is about the year 2004. 2004 : January · February · March · April · May ·… …   Wikipedia

  • Iranian reform movement — The Iranian reform movement (Persian:اصلاح طلبان), or the Reforms Front (Persian: جبههٔ اصلاحات) also known as 2nd of Khordad Front (Persian: جبهه دوم خرداد which refers to the date of President Mohammad Khatami s 1997 landslide election victory… …   Wikipedia

  • Iranian Assembly of Experts election, 2006 — 1998 ← December 15, 2006 → 2012 …   Wikipedia

  • November 2004 — November 2004: January – February – March – April – May – June – July – August – September – October – November – December See also: November 2004 in sports and November 2004 in science Events …   Wikipedia

  • December 2004 — December 2004: ← – January – February – March – April – May – June – July – August – September – October – November – December → Contents 1 Events 1.1 Deaths in December …   Wikipedia

  • October 2004 — October 2004: January – February – March – April – May – June – July – August – September – October – November – December See also: October 2004 in sports Events << …   Wikipedia

  • June 2004 — NOTOC June 2004 : January February March April May June July August September October November December See also: June 2004 in sportsEventsJune 1, 2004* RoC Premier Yu Shyi kun is prevented for six hours from delivering a key government report on …   Wikipedia

  • April 2004 — NOTOC 2004 : January February March April May June July August September October November DecemberEvents April 30, 2004*U.S. newscast Nightline is taken off the air by several stations owned by the Sinclair Broadcast Group because of its planned… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.