Archduke Charles Louis of Austria


Archduke Charles Louis of Austria

:"For the son of Charles I of Austria see Archduke Carl Ludwig of Austria (1918–2007)".

Infobox Austrian Royalty
name = Archduke Charles Louis



date of birth = birth date|1833|7|30
place of birth = Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria
date of death = death date and age|1896|5|19|1833|7|30
place of death =
father = Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
mother = Sophie, Princess of Bavaria
spouse = Princess Margaretha of Saxony
Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal
issue = Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Archduke Otto Franz
Archduke Ferdinand Karl
Archduchess Margarete Sophie
Archduchess Maria Annunziata
Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie

Infobox Austria emperor styles
royal name = Archduke Carl Ludwig of Austria
dipstyle = His Imperial and Royal Highness
offstyle = Your Imperial and Royal Highness
altstyle = Sir

Archduke Karl Ludwig Joseph Maria of Austria (30 July 1833 – 19 May 1896) was the younger brother of Franz Joseph I of Austria (1830-1916) and the father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (1863-1914), whose assassination ignited the start of World War I. [http://www.thepeerage.com/p11157.htm#i111564 Karl Ludwig Joseph Maria Erzherzog von Österreich] at thePeerage.com]

Biography

He was born at Schönbrunn in Vienna, the son of Archduke Franz Karl of Austria (1802-1878) and his wife Sophie of Bavaria (1805-1872). His siblings included Franz Joseph, Emperor of Austria and Maximilian (1832-1867), the executed Emperor of Mexico.

After the death of his nephew Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria (1858-1889), he became heir presumptive to Austro-Hungarian Empire but renounced his succession rights a few days later in favour of his eldest son Franz Ferdinand. [cite news|title =The Crown Prince’s Successor|publisher =New York Times| date =1889-02-02| url =http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9F04E0D9153AE033A25751C0A9649C94689FD7CF]

He married three times. His first wife, whom he married on November 4 1856 at Dresden, was his first cousin Margaretha of Saxony (1840-1858), the daughter of Johann of Saxony (1801-1873) and Amalie Auguste of Bavaria (1801-1877). She died on 15 September 1858 and they had no children. [ [http://www.thepeerage.com/p10586.htm#i105859 Margarete Karoline Prinzessin von Sachsen] ibid.]

His second wife, whom he married by proxy on 16 October 1862 at Rome, and in person on 21 October 1862 at Venice, was Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1843-1871), daughter of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies (1810-1859) and Maria Theresa of Austria (1816-1867).

They had four children:
*Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (1863-1914). Married morganatically to Sophie Chotek; had issue.
*Archduke Otto Franz of Austria (1865-1906). Married Maria Josepha of Saxony; had issue including Karl I of Austria.
*Archduke Ferdinand Karl of Austria (1868-1915). Married morganatically to Bertha Czuber; no issue.
*Archduchess Margarete Sophie of Austria (1870-1902). Married Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg; had issue. [ [http://www.thepeerage.com/p11157.htm#i111564 Children of Karl Ludwig Joseph Maria Erzherzog von Österreich and Marie Annunciade di Borbone, Principessa di Borbone della Due Sicilie] ibid.]

Maria Annunziata died on 4 May 1871. [ [http://www.thepeerage.com/p11074.htm#i110740 Marie Annunciade di Borbone, Principessa di Borbone della Due Sicilie] ibid.]

His third wife, whom he married on 23 July 1873 at Kleinheubach, was Maria Theresa of Portugal (1855-1944), daughter of Miguel I of Portugal (1802-1866) and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1831-1909). They had two daughters:
*Archduchess Maria Annunziata of Austria (1876-1961). Abbess of the Theresia Convent in the Hradschin, Prague.
*Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie of Austria (1878-1960). Married Prince Aloys of Liechtenstein; had issue including Franz Joseph II of Liechtenstein. [ [http://www.thepeerage.com/p11157.htm#i111564 Children of Karl Ludwig Joseph Maria Erzherzog von Österreich and Maria Teresa da Immaculda de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal] ibid.]

Karl Ludwig died of typhoid at Schönbrunn in Vienna. His widow, Maria Teresa died 12 February 1944. [ [http://www.thepeerage.com/p10582.htm#i105820 Maria Teresa da Immaculda de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal] ibid.]

Ancestry

ahnentafel-compact5
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border=1
boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;
boxstyle_1=background-color: #fcc;
boxstyle_2=background-color: #fb9;
boxstyle_3=background-color: #ffc;
boxstyle_4=background-color: #bfc;
boxstyle_5=background-color: #9fe;
1= 1. Archduke Charles Louis of Austria
2= 2. Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
3= 3. Sophie of Bavaria
4= 4. Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
5= 5. Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies
6= 6. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
7= 7. Karoline of Baden
8= 8. Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
9= 9. Maria Louisa of Spain
10= 10. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
11= 11. Marie Caroline of Austria
12= 12. Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken
13= 13. Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
14= 14. Margrave Charles Louis of Baden
15= 15. Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
16= 16. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Francis III Stephen, Duke of Lorraine)
17= 17. Maria Theresa of Austria
Queen of Hungary & Bohemia
18= 18. Charles III of Spain
19= 19. Maria Amalia of Saxony
20= 20. Charles III of Spain (=18)
21= 21. Maria Amalia of Saxony (=19)
22= 22. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (=16)
(Francis III Stephen, Duke of Lorraine)
23= 23. Maria Theresa of Austria (=17)
Queen of Hungary & Bohemia
24= 24. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
25= 25. Karoline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
26= 26. Count Palatine Joseph Karl of Sulzbach
27= 27. Elizabeth Augusta Sophie of Neuburg
28= 28. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
29= 29. Karoline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
30= 30. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
31= 31. Karoline of Zweibrücken

References


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