Greeks in Turkey


Greeks in Turkey

Greeks in Turkey ( _tr. Rumlar) are Greek-speaking Eastern Orthodox Christians who mostly live in Istanbul and on the two islands of the western entrance to the Dardanelles: Imbros and Tenedos (Turkish: "Gökçeada" and "Bozcaada") and also on the Princes' Islands. They are the remnants of the estimated 200,000 Greeks who were permitted under the provisions of the Treaty of Lausanne to remain in Turkey following the 1923 population exchange, which involved the forcible resettlement of approximately 1.5 million Greeks from Anatolia and East Thrace and of half a million Turks from all of Greece except for Western Thrace. After years of persecution (e.g. the Istanbul Pogrom), in 1995, fewer than 10,000 Greeks still lived in Turkey,"Library of Congress Country Study for [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/trtoc.html Turkey] ."] and the Greek Orthodox population in Istanbul, as of 2006, is estimated at just around 5,000. [According to figures presented by Prof. Vyron Kotzamanis to a conference of unions and federations representing the ethnic Greeks of Istanbul. [http://www.hri.org/news/greek/apeen/2006/06-07-02.apeen.html#03 "Ethnic Greeks of Istanbul convene"] , "Athens News Agency", 2 July 2006.]

Since 1924, the status of the Greek minority in Turkey has been ambiguous. Beginning in the 1930s, the government instituted repressive policies forcing many Greeks to emigrate. Examples are the labour battalions drafted among non-Muslims during World War II as well as the Fortune Tax (Varlık Vergisi) levied mostly on non-Muslims during the same period. These resulted in financial ruination and death for many Greeks. The exodus was given greater impetus with the Istanbul Pogrom of September 1955 which led to thousands of Greeks fleeing the city, eventually reducing the Greek population to about 48,000 by 1965 and to about 5,000 by 2006.

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References

External links

* [http://www.greekembassy.org/embassy/Content/en/Article.aspx?office=3&folder=263&article=2136 Athens protests latest desecration of Orthodox cemetery in Turkey]
* [http://home.att.net/~dimostenis/greektr.html The Greeks of Turkey]
* [http://www.geocities.com/Athens/9479/trakia.html Greek - Turkish minorities]
* [http://www.megarevma.net/GreeksLiving.htm Greeks Living in Turkey Today]
* [http://www.eurasianet.org/departments/insight/articles/eav010606arus.shtml Turkey’s Greek Community Grapples with adnersity]
* [http://countrystudies.us/turkey/32.htm Turkey - Greeks]


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