Hyvinkää (pronounced|ˈhyʋiŋkæː; "Hyvinge" in Swedish) is a town in the province of
Uusimaa, approximately 50 km north of the capital Helsinki. The town was chartered in 1960. Hyvinkää belongs to the Province of Southern Finland. The population of Hyvinkää is 44,306 (2007). Highways and rail connections make it one of the suburban commuter centers of Greater Helsinki. The city planning has had an emphasis on recreational facilities, acknowledging the fact that the modest city center cannot compete with the shops and boutiques of the capital.
Some of the more well-known buildings in Hyvinkää are, among others, the Church (1961,
Aarno Ruusuvuori) of Hyvinkää and the manor house of Kytäjä. The Finnish Railway Museumis located in Hyvinkää.
Hyvinkää is also home to
Konecranes, which specializes in the manufacture and service of cranes and KONEElevators, the world's third-largest elevator company who manufacture, install and service elevators and escalators.
Hyvinkää is known among Scandinavian golf enthusiasts due to Kytäjä golf, located at the countryside of Hyvinkää. It offers two courses designed by
Tom McBroom. South East course was opened in the August 2003, and North West course in the August 2004.
In the 16th century there was a tavern in the area now known as Hyvinkäänkylä, which lies approximately half-way between Helsinki and
Hämeenlinna. The first tax catalogs also marked the existence of some houses in the area around the same time.
Hyvinkää village gradually grew in the latter half of the 19th century. But it was the construction of the railway network through Finland, beginning in 1861, that marked the starting point for the town's rapid growth.
The construction of Finland's first stretch of railroad, the Helsinki-Hämeenlinna line, determined the location of the present city centre and the railway station of Hyvinkää is one of the few original stations still in use. From Hyvinkää the railway also branches off to the port of
Hanko. The Hanko-Hyvinkää Railroadwas the first private railroad in Finland, founded in 1872, and acquired by the Finnish State RR Co. in 1875. In the early 1900s the station village in Hyvinkää was an intermediate stopping point for many emigrants leaving by ship from Hankofor a new life in North America.
The air quality of Hyvinkää was considered healthy due to dense pine forests, and in the 1880s a group of physicians from Helsinki opened a
sanatoriumfor patients seeking rest and recuperation.
Industrialization brought a wool factory to Hyvinkää in 1892 - the
Donner family's "Hyvinge Yllespinneri". The factory ceased operation in the 1990s, but the red-brick halls still remain. The building has found several new uses, including an exhibition centre and a theater.
Hyvinkää airfield served as the country's main airport for a short time after the second World War while the airport at
Malmi, Helsinkiin Helsinki was under the control of the Allied Powers. There is now a motorsports centre near the airfield.
People from Hyvinkää
Heikki Mikkola, 4 times world champion, motocross
Katri Rosendahl, Endurance Riding National Champion 
Yrjö Saarinen, painter
Tyko Sallinen, painter
Helene Schjerfbeck, painter
Ossi Savolainen, mayor of Hyvinkää
Esa Saarinen, philosopher
Lauri Tukonen, professional ice hockeyplayer
Markku Uusipaavalniemi, curler
Petteri Wirtanen, professional ice hockey player
In the Summer, there is an annual beer festival which attracts rock bands from
Scandinaviaand about 10,000 visitors.
* [http://www.hyvinkaa.fi Hyvinkää municipality]
* [http://www.rautatie.org Finnish Railway Museum]
* [http://www.steam.dial.pipex.com/trains/finland01.htm Steam Locomotives in Finland Including the Finnish Railway Museum]
* [http://www.hyrinet.fi/ Hyrinet – Hyvinkää-Riihimäki area portal]
* [http://www.hyvinkaakuvat.com/ Pictures from Hyvinkää]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Hyvinkaa — Hyvinkää Hyvinkää Pays Finlande … Wikipédia en Français
Hyvinkää — Hyvinkää (fi) Blason … Wikipédia en Français
Hyvinkää — Municipio de Finlandia … Wikipedia Español
Hyvinkää — Hyvinkään kaupunki Wappen Karte Basisdaten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hyvinkää — ▪ Finland Swedish Hyvinge, city, southern Finland, north of Helsinki. It is the centre of Finland s woollen industry, and is an important rail junction with direct lines to the ports of Hanko (Hangö, the southernmost in Finland),… … Universalium
Hyvinkää — Sp Hiùvinkė Ap Hyvinkää suomiškai Ap Hyvinge švediškai L P Suomija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Hyvinkää — Hỵvinkää, schwedisch Hỵvinge, Stadt (seit 1960) in Südfinnland, nördlich von Helsinki am Salpausselkä, 42 000 Einwohner; Textil (besonders Wollwaren), Gummi , Schuhindustrie, Eisenbahnwerkstätten, Nahrungsmittelindustrie; Wintersportzentrum … Universal-Lexikon
Hyvinkaa — Original name in latin Hyvink Name in other language Hyvinge, Hyvinkaeae, Hyvink Khjuvinkjaja, Хювинкяя State code FI Continent/City Europe/Helsinki longitude 60.63333 latitude 24.86667 altitude 113 Population 43515 Date 2011 07 31 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Hyvinkää Church — on a gray autumn day Hyvinkää Church, also known as The New Church of Hyvinkää, is a modernist church located in the town of Hyvinkää, Finland. It was designed by architect Professor Aarno Ruusuvuori and b … Wikipedia
Hyvinkaa (Finland) — Hotels: Cumulus Hotel Hyvinkaa (City Centre) … International hotels