Addenbrooke's Hospital


Addenbrooke's Hospital

Infobox Hospital
Name = Addenbrooke's Hospital
Org/Group = Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust


Caption =

Location = Cambridge Bio-Medical Campus, Cambridge
Country = England
HealthCare = NHS
Type = Teaching
Speciality =
Emergency = Yes
Affiliation= University of Cambridge Medical School
Beds = approximately 1100
Founded = 1766
Closed =
Website = http://www.addenbrookes.org.uk
Wiki-Links = |

Addenbrooke's Hospital is a large teaching hospital in Cambridge, England, with strong links to the University of Cambridge. It was founded in 1766 on Trumpington Street with £4,500 from the will of Dr John Addenbrooke, a fellow of St Catharine's College.cite web|url=http://www.addenbrookes.org.uk/serv/nonclin/archive.html|title=Archives at Addenbrooke's|publisher=www.addenbrookes.org.uk|accessdate=2008-06-09] This building is now the Judge Business School. In 1976, the hospital moved to its present premises on the southern edge of the city, and is now part of the Cambridge Bio-Medical campus. For a long time, this site was known as New Addenbrooke's, and still is by people who worked in the old one.

The clinical school

The hospital is run by the Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, which is not a part of Cambridge University. However, there is close co-operation between the two organisations, and the University's medical school is also based on the Addenbrooke's site. The clinical school graduates approximately 140 new doctors every year. This is approximately half the total number of pre-clinical students who enter the University of Cambridge medical school (the remaining students usually continue their studies in either London or Oxford). The clinical course has recently increased in length from 2.5 to 3 years (to fall in alignment with other UK clinical courses and changes in postgraduate medical training)

The Addenbrooke's site

In recent years, the Addenbrooke's site has almost become a self-contained town. The hospital has its own airport-style shopping concourse (part of which remains open till late), food court, sports centre, and accommodation units. The shopping concourse was a notable first, being opened in 1989 and extensively refurbished and extended in 1999. Many more research organisations are now moving in too, as Addenbrooke's continues to evolve into a fully-fledged biotechnology campus.

ervices

Addenbrooke's provides a full range of clinical services, with the exception of cardiothoracic surgery, which is provided at the nearby Papworth Hospital. Psychiatric services are split between Addenbrooke's and Fulbourn Hospital. Addenbrooke's is a tertiary referral centre for a number of specialities. Of note, it is one of the UK's six liver transplant centres and performs multivisceral transplants. It is a busy regional neurosurgical centre and has the largest neurological intensive care unit of its kind in Europe. It is also a centre of excellence for renal services, bone marrow transplantation, cleft lip and palate reconstruction, treatment of rare cancers, medical genetics, and paediatrics. It has 24 operating theatres, and in addition to the neurological critical care unit it also has an adult, a paediatric, and a neonatal intensive care service, and several high-dependency areas (adult, transplant, surgical, coronary care). The Rosie Maternity Hospital is attached to Addenbrooke's, and provides a full range of women's and maternity services.

In 2006, Addenbrooke's had 1,087 beds, 5,400 members of staff, and a budget of £304 million. It treated approximately 60,000 visits to Accident & Emergency, 55,000 inpatients stays, and 370,000 outpatient clinic visits.

Transport

The large site is served by a busy bus station, located on its gateway roundabout, with up to 60 buses arriving there every hour. Addenbrooke's hospital is directly accessible from three of Cambridge's five Park and Ride sites. The green Park and Ride buses from either the Babraham or Cowley Road Park and Ride, and the H1 Hospital Bus from the Trumpington Park and Ride site stop at its bus station and various other locations around the site. With Babraham Road and Trumpington being the two nearest Park and Ride sites. [ [http://www.addenbrookes.org.uk/finding_us/park_ride.htm Addenbrooke's Hospital: Finding us - Park & Ride ] ] The hospital is due to be linked to the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway, a guided bus scheme currently under construction, scheduled to start operating in 2009. [cite web|url=http://www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/40F67C0E-CB57-4327-A7BE-440650E8B822/0/CGBleafletweb.pdf|title=Cambridgeshire Guided Busway - Information about the Scheme|publisher=Cambridgeshire County Council|accessdate=2008-06-09]

Various cycle ways lead to Addenbrooke’s hospital and a new cycleway and footpath linking Great Shelford and Addenbrooke’s opened in August 2006, which also marks the 10,000th mile of the National Cycle Network. [ [http://www.cambridge-news.co.uk/news/articles/2006/06/03/9220ab09-7bc0-4182-9043-47f48d15894a.lpf Cycleway route to hospital] , "Cambridge Evening News Online", 2006-06-03. Retrieved on July 22, 2007 ]

Parking is increasingly restricted, as former car parks are being built on, and staff, patients and visitors are encouraged to travel in by bus or bike. However, work on a new multi storey car park with 1050 spaces for visitor and patient parking and a further 63 for disabled parking commenced in March 2007 and is scheduled to be completed in spring 2008. [http://www.addenbrookes.org.uk/finding_us/transport_developments/multistorey.htm]

Transport remains something of a problem due to the sheer volume of people arriving each day with approximately 8,000 car movements each day but only 3,200 car parking spaces available (correct as of March 2004). With three proposed developments around the hospital including an extension of the hospital site itself and two residential developments traffic is expected to increase considerably. For which reason work for a new access road from Hauxton Road in Trumpington to Addenbrooke's Hospital commenced in July 2007 and is expected to take two years. [http://www2.cambridgeshire.gov.uk/db/pressrel.nsf/cac74a2aba838b5d80256b56004e53ab/83fec8d0249ebd008025725a003b69a9?OpenDocument]

Children's Hospital Plans

Plans are in place to build a new Children's Hospital on the Addenbrooke's site near to where the current Rosie Maternity hospital is located. Designs and plans will be drawn up over the next two years, with building expected to begin at the end of the decade. It is expected to open in 2013. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/cambridgeshire/6911366.stm Children's hospital plan drawn up] , "BBC News Website", 2006-07-23. Retrieved on July 24, 2007 ]

Open day

The hospital holds a free open day every two years allowing members of the public to visit areas of the hospital which would usually be inaccessible. The tours are colour coded according to the areas of the hospital they involve.Some of the tours available include:
*The Basement Tour (Blue) - Takes place on a moving tug in the basement service corridors, and involves listening to various facts about the hospital buildings and equipment.
*The Mortuary Tour (Red) - Involves a visit to the hospital's mortuary, with information about the various processes used after death.
*The Pathology Tour (Purple) - A tour of the pathology laboratories, learning about the causes and treatments of disease.
*The Sky Tour (Light Blue) - Takes place on the hospital roof, mainly giving information about the surrounding buildings and services.
*The Theatre Tour (Green) - Involves a visit to one of the operating theatres, learning about the procedures and equipment used during surgery.

Fundraising

Addenbrooke's Charitable Trust (ACT) is the independent registered charity for Addenbrooke's Hospital and its associated hospitals. Its aim is to support and promote the work of Addenbrooke's for the benefit of patients and staff, by raising extra funds to enhance services, facilities and research. ACT is based on site in the Post Graduate Medical Centre opposite A&E.

Criticism

In 2006 it was reported that the hospital had been using their main incinerator to burn aborted foetuses younger than 24 weeks, those older than 24 weeks were disposed of at a crematorium, a practice that was criticised by the Church of England and the Royal College of Nursing, as well as by pro-life groups. [cite web|url=http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id=412172&in_page_id=1770|title=Hospital admits to burning aborted babies in waste incinerator|first=James|last=Slack|date=2006-10-23|publisher="The Daily Mail"|accessdate=2008-06-09]

See also

*Cambridge Bio-Medical campus
*Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
*Donald MacAlister
*University of Cambridge Medical School

References

External links

* [http://www.addenbrookes.org.uk/ Addenbrooke's Hospital]
* [http://www-building.arct.cam.ac.uk/addenbrookes/ University of Cambridge pages about the Addenbrooke's site]
* [http://www.medschl.cam.ac.uk/ The Medical School]
* [http://www.act4addenbrookes.org.uk/ Addenbrooke's Charitable Trust (ACT)]


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