1085


1085

Events

* April 2Emperor Zhezong becomes emperor of Song Dynasty. Empress Dowager Gao cancells all the reforms packages and dismisses pro-reform Wang Anshi.
* May 25Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain back from the Moors and invites French knights to settle the central plateau of Spain.
* The Domesday survey is commissioned by William I of England to ensure proper taxation and levies.
* Katedralskolan, Lund, the oldest school in Scandinavia, is founded.
* Ísleifur Gissurarson is made the first bishop of Iceland.
* By this year, the annual output of copper currency for the Chinese Song Dynasty reaches 6 billion coins a year, prompting the Chinese government to adopt the world's first paper-printed money later in the 1120s.

Births

* Alberich of Reims (d. 1141)
* Raoul I, Count of Vermandois (d. October 14,1152)
* Robert fitz Martin (d. 1159)
* Zhang Zeduan, Chinese painter (d. 1145)

Deaths

* April 1Emperor Shenzong of China (b. 1048)
* May 25Pope Gregory VII
* July 15Robert Guiscard
* Cheng Hao, Song Dynasty China Neo-Confucian philosopher (b. 1032)


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