- Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium
Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium RFK Stadium
Former names District of Columbia (D.C.) Stadium (1961–1968) Location 2400 East Capitol Street Southeast, Washington, D.C. 20003 Coordinates Coordinates: Broke ground 1959 Opened October 1, 1961 Owner Washington Convention and Sports Authority Operator Washington Convention and Sports Authority Surface Grass (Prescription Athletic Turf) Construction cost U.S.$20 million
($147 million in 2011 dollars)
Architect George A. Dahl; Osborn Engineering Capacity Baseball:
Field dimensions Left Field - 335 ft (102 m)
Left-Center - 380 ft (116 m)
Center Field - 410 ft (125 m)
Right-Center - 380 ft (116 m)
Right Field - 335 ft (102 m)
Backstop - 54 ft (16 m)
Tenants Washington Redskins (NFL) (1961–1996)
George Washington Colonials (NCAA) (1961–1966)
Washington Senators (II) (AL) (1962–1971)
Washington Whips (USA / NASL) (1967–1968)
Washington Darts (NASL) (1971)
Washington Diplomats (NASL / USL1) (1974–1981, 1991)
Team America (NASL) 1983)
Washington Federals (USFL) (1983–1984)
FIFA World Cup (1994)
D.C. United (MLS) (1996–present)
Washington Freedom (WUSA) (2001–2003)
Washington Nationals (NL) (2005–2007)
Military Bowl (NCAA) (2008–present)
Washington Freedom (WPS) (2009–2011)
Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium (originally "District of Columbia Stadium" (D.C. Stadium), commonly "RFK Stadium" or "RFK") is a multi-purpose stadium, in Washington, D.C., United States, and the current home of MLS's D.C. United.
The stadium was opened in October 1961, as the District of Columbia Stadium. It is owned and operated by the Washington Convention and Sports Authority (WCSA).
The stadium was home for a number of major professional sports teams, including the NFL's Washington Redskins (1961 through 1996; moved to FedExField in suburban Maryland), the American League's Washington Senators (1962 through 1971; moved to Arlington, Texas and renamed Texas Rangers), and the National League's Washington Nationals (2005 through 2007; moved to Nationals Park). It has hosted international soccer matches in the 1994 FIFA World Cup, 1996 Summer Olympics and 2003 Women's World Cup.
The stadium was renamed in January 1969, for U.S. Senator and presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy, who had been assassinated in Los Angeles the previous June. As Attorney General, Kennedy's Justice Department played a role in the racial integration of the Washington Redskins: along with Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall, Kennedy threatened to revoke the team's lease at the federally-owned stadium until it promised to sign African American players.
- 1 History
- 2 Design
- 3 Dimensions
- 4 Stadium name
- 5 Notable games and events
- 6 Washington Hall of Stars
- 7 Public transportation
- 8 Food vendors
- 9 Tenants
- 10 Gallery
- 11 References
- 12 External links
RFK Stadium was home for 36 seasons to the Redskins, whose return to prominence as a football power began the same year (1960) that the original baseball Senators played their final season, relocating in 1961 to Minnesota as the Twins. The Redskins' first game in D.C. Stadium was a 24-21 loss to the New York Giants on October 1, 1961. The team's first win in the stadium was over its future archrival, the Dallas Cowboys, on December 17, 1961. This was the only win in a 1–12–1 season, and it came on the final weekend of the regular season. The Redskins' last win at RFK was a 37–10 victory over the Cowboys on December 22, 1996.
The stadium hosted its first baseball All-Star Game in its first season of 1962, which was attended by Robert Kennedy's brother, President John F. Kennedy (in whose administration Robert Kennedy served as Attorney General), and the 1969 All-Star Game, which was played in the daytime, after a rainout the night before. It turned out to be the final MLB All-Star Game played during the daytime hours.
Another notable baseball moment occurred in a Cracker Jack Old Timers game in 1982, when 75 year-old Hall of Famer Luke Appling hit a home run. Although he had a .310 lifetime batting average, Appling only hit 45 home runs in 20 seasons. However, because the stadium had not been fully reconfigured, it was just 260 feet (79 m) to the left-field foul pole, far shorter than normal.
In its tenure as the Senators' home field, RFK Stadium was known as a hitters' park. Slugger Frank Howard, a six-foot-seven-inch tall, 255-pound left fielder, hit a number of tape-measure home runs in his career, a few of which landed in the center field area of the upper deck. The seats Howard hit with his home runs are painted white, rather than the gold of the rest of the upper deck. Howard also hit the last home run in the park's original tenure, on September 30, 1971. With one out remaining in the game, a fan riot turned a 7–5 Senators lead over the New York Yankees into a 9–0 forfeit loss. However, in its tenure as the Nationals' home field, RFK has been known as a pitchers' park. While Howard hit at least 44 home runs for three straight seasons (1968–70), the 2005 Nationals had only one hitter with more than 15 home runs, José Guillén with 24.
From 1993 to 1999 and from 2001 to 2004, former rock radio station WHFS held its annual HFStival rock concert at RFK Stadium.
The stadium's design was nearly circular, attempting to facilitate both football and baseball. It was the first to use the so-called "cookie-cutter" concept, an approach also used by Philadelphia, New York, Houston, Atlanta, St. Louis, San Diego, Cincinnati, Oakland and Pittsburgh. Except for the stadiums in Houston, San Diego, and Oakland (the former is still standing but is no longer actively used, while the latter two are still active), RFK Stadium ultimately outlasted all of the aforementioned stadiums.
However, as would become the case with every other stadium where this was tried, the design was not ideal for either sport due to the different shapes and sizes of the playing fields. As the playing field dimensions for football and baseball vary greatly, seating had to accommodate the larger playing surface. In the case of RFK Stadium, this resulted in the first ten rows of the football configuration being nearly at field level, making it difficult to see over the players.
As a baseball park, RFK was a particular target of scorn from baseball purists, largely because it had no lower-deck seats in the outfield. The only outfield seats are in the upper deck, above a high wall. It was said that RFK was "the first ballpark built that had only an upper deck." According to Sporting News publications in the 1960s, over 27,000 of RFK's 45,000 baseball seats were in the upper tier or mezzanine levels. The lower-to-upper proportion improved for the Redskins, with end-zone seats filling in some of the gaps.
A complex conversion was necessary, at a cost of $40,000 per switch, to convert the stadium from a football/soccer configuration to baseball and back again; in its final form, this included rolling the 3rd-base lower-level seats into the outfield along a buried rail, dropping the hydraulic pitcher's mound 3 feet (0.91 m) into the ground, and laying sod over the infield dirt. Later facilities were designed so the seating configuration could be changed much more quickly and at a lower cost. The conversion was only required several times per year during the Senators' joint tenancy with the Redskins, but became much more frequent while the Nationals and D.C. United shared the stadium during the mostly-concurrent MLB and MLS seasons; in 2005, the conversion was made more than 20 times. Originally the seats located behind the stadium's third-base dugout would be removed for baseball games and put back in place when the stadium was converted to the football (and later soccer) configuration. When these sections were in place, RFK seated approximately 56,000 fans. Following the Washington Nationals' move to RFK in 2005, this particular segment of the stands was permanently removed to facilitate the switch between the baseball and soccer configurations. These seats were not restored following the Nationals' move to Nationals Park, leaving the stadium's seating capacity at approximately 46,000. D.C. United do not normally make the tickets for the majority of the upper-level seating available for purchase, and the stadium's reduced capacity thus is not normally problematic for the club.
During the years when the stadium was used only for Redskins games, the rotating seats remained in the football configuration. If a baseball game was scheduled, the left-field wall was only 250 feet (76 m) from home plate, and for some exhibition baseball games, a large screen was erected.
Some of RFK's quirks endear the venue to fans and players. The large rolling bleacher section is less stable than other seating, allowing fans to jump in rhythm to cause the whole area to bounce. Also, because of the stadium's design and the proximity of the fans to the football field, the stadium was extremely loud when the usual sell-out Redskins crowds became vocal. Legend has it that former Redskins coach George Allen would order a large rolling door opened in the side of the stadium when visiting teams were attempting field goals at critical moments in games so that a swirling wind from off the Potomac and Anacostia rivers would interfere with the flight of the kicked ball.
- 50,000 (1961-1969)
- 53,039 (1970-1972)
- 54,398 (1973-1974)
- 55,004 (1975-1979)
- 55,045 (1980-1983)
- 55,431 (1984)
- 55,750 (1985-1991)
- 56,454 (1992-1996)
The dimensions of the baseball field were 335 feet (102 m) down the foul lines, 380 feet (120 m) to the power alleys and 408 feet (124 m) to center field during the Senators' time. The official distances when the Nationals arrived were identical, except for two additional feet to center field. After complaints from Nationals hitters it was discovered in July 2005 that the fence had actually been put in place incorrectly, and it was 394.74 feet (120.32 m) to the power alleys in left; 395 feet (120 m) to the right-field power alley; and 407.83 feet (124.31 m) to center field. The section of wall containing the 380-foot (120 m) sign was moved closer to the foul lines to more accurately represent the distance shown on the signs but no changes were made to the actual dimensions.
The stadium was opened in October 1961 as the District of Columbia Stadium (D.C. Stadium for short). The stadium was renamed in January 1969, for U.S. Senator and presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy, who had been assassinated in Los Angeles the previous June. As attorney general, Kennedy's Justice Department played a role in the racial integration of the Redskins. Along with Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall, Kennedy threatened to revoke the team's lease at the federally owned stadium until it promised to sign African American players.
On April 14, 2005, just before the Nationals' home opener, the D.C. Sports and Entertainment Commission announced an agreement with the Department of Defense under which the military would pay the city about $6 million for naming rights and the right to place recruiting kiosks and signage in the stadium. In return, the stadium would be dubbed Armed Forces Field at RFK Stadium. This plan was dropped within days, however, after several prominent members of Congress questioned the use of public funds for a stadium sponsorship. Similar proposals to sell the naming rights to the National Guard, ProFunds (a Bethesda, Maryland investment company) and Sony were rumored that season, but no agreement was ever finalized.
Notable games and events
- After trailing the Cowboys 24-6 halfway through the third quarter on November 28, 1965, quarterback Sonny Jurgensen leads the Redskins to 21 fourth-quarter points and a 34–31 comeback victory.
- The Redskins beat the New York Giants 72–41 on November 27, 1966. The 113 combined points are the most ever scored in an NFL game.
- On December 31, 1972, the Redskins defeat the Cowboys 26–3 in the NFC Championship game to earn a trip to Super Bowl VII.
- In a Monday Night Football game on October 8, 1973, Redskins safety Ken Houston stops Cowboys' receiver Walt Garrison at the goal line as time expired to secure a win.
- December 17, 1977 – the Redskins defeat the Los Angeles Rams 17–14 in what would be head coach George Allen's final game with the team.
- October 25, 1981 – the Redskins narrowly beat the New England Patriots 24–22 to earn head coach Joe Gibbs his first win at RFK Stadium.
- January 22, 1983 – the stadium physically shakes as a capacity crowd of 54,000 chant "We Want Dallas" taunting the hated Cowboys in the NFC Championship game. The Redskins go on to defeat the Cowboys 31-17 to earn a trip to Super Bowl XVII where they beat the Miami Dolphins 27–17 to claim the franchise's first Super Bowl win.
- September 5, 1983 – Redskins' rookie cornerback Darrell Green chases down Cowboys' running back Tony Dorsett from behind to prevent him from scoring. The Redskins go on to lose the game 31–30.
- November 18, 1985 – Giants' linebacker Lawrence Taylor sacks Redskins' quarterback Joe Theismann severely breaking his leg and ending his NFL career. Backup quarterback Jay Schroeder comes in and leads the Redskins to a 23–21 victory on Monday Night Football.
- January 17, 1988 - Cornerback Darrell Green knocks down a Wade Wilson pass at the goal line to clinch a victory over the Minnesota Vikings in the NFC Championship game. The Redskins go on to defeat the Denver Broncos 42–10 in Super Bowl XXII.
- January 4, 1992 – In a pouring rain, the Redskins beat the Atlanta Falcons 24–7 in the Divisional round of the playoffs. After a touchdown scored by Redskins fullback Gerald Riggs with 6:32 remaining in the fourth quarter, the fans shower the field with the free yellow seat cushions given to them when they entered the stadium.
- January 12, 1992 – the Redskins beat the Detroit Lions 41–10 in the NFC Championship game earning a trip to Super Bowl XXVI where they beat the Buffalo Bills 37–24.
- December 13, 1992 – Redskins' head coach Joe Gibbs coaches what would be his last win at RFK Stadium. The Redskins defeat the Cowboys 20–17.
- December 22, 1996 – The Redskins win their last game in the stadium, defeating their arch-rivals, the Dallas Cowboys, 37–10. In a halftime ceremony, several past Redskins greats were introduced, wearing replicas of the jerseys of their time. After the game, fans storm the field and rip up chunks of grass as souvenirs. In the parking lot, fans are seen walking away with the stadium's maroon and yellow seats.
- December 20, 2008 – Wake Forest defeats Navy 29-19 in the inaugural EagleBank Bowl, before a crowd of 28,777, in the first bowl game to be played in Washington, D.C.
- December 29, 2009 - UCLA defeats Temple 30–21, before a crowd of 23,072, in the second annual EagleBank Bowl.
- December 29, 2010 - Maryland defeats East Carolina 51-20, before a crowd of 38,062, in the 2010 Military Bowl, formerly the EagleBank Bowl. Great fan turnout from both universities set a bowl attendance record in Maryland coach Ralph Friedgen's final game.
- In the Washington Senators' final home game, on September 30, 1971, the Senators led the New York Yankees 7–5 with two outs in the top of the ninth. After an obese teenager runs onto the field, picks up first base, and runs off, fans storm the field and tear up bases, grass patches, and anything else they can find for souvenirs. The Senators forfeit the game, 9–0.
- April 14, 2005 – Washington Nationals defeat the Arizona Diamondbacks 5–3, before a crowd of 45,596, to win their first home opener in Washington, D.C. They go on to sweep the 4-game series.
- June 17, 2006 – The Washington Nationals overcome the deficit of seven runs against the New York Yankees and beat the Yankees by blowing Yankees closing pitcher Mariano Rivera's save in the bottom of the eighth inning with Alfonso Soriano's steals and José Guillén's triple and Ryan Zimmerman's single in front of a sellout crowd of 45,085 fans.
- June 18, 2006 – The Washington Nationals defeat the New York Yankees on Ryan Zimmerman's walk-off home run off Yankees ace starter Chien Ming Wang in front of a sellout crowd of 45,157 fans. The Nationals win the three-game series against the Yankees.
- September 16, 2006 – Washington Nationals' Alfonso Soriano steals second base in the first inning of the game against the Milwaukee Brewers to become the fourth player in the Major League Baseball history to hit 40 home runs and steal 40 bases in a season. (At Shea Stadium in New York City six days later, Soriano becomes the first person ever to reach 40 home runs, 40 stolen bases, and 40 doubles in one season, making him the only member of the 40-40-40 club.)
- July 4, 2007 – Washington Nationals 1st baseman Dmitri Young hits a Grand Slam enroute to a 6–0 Nationals win over the Chicago Cubs before almost 40,000 fans.
- September 23, 2007 – Washington Nationals defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 5-3, before a crowd of 40,519, in the final baseball game scheduled to be played at RFK Stadium. The win gives the Nationals an overall record of 122–121 in three seasons at the stadium.
- September 21, 1980 – In the 1980 Soccer Bowl, before a crowd of 56,768, the New York Cosmos defeated the Fort Lauderdale Strikers 3–0.
- August 21, 1993 – A.C. Milan defeats Torino F.C. 1–0 to win their second consecutive Supercoppa Italiana.
- July 2, 1994 – The 1994 FIFA World Cup concludes its play in RFK as Spain defeats Switzerland 3–0 in the Round of Sixteen (RFK had earlier hosted four group-play games).
- June 18, 1995 – The Nike U.S. Cup witnesses a historic score when the United States defeats a powerful Mexico team. The score of that afternoon was that of a 4-0 victory for the US. The goals were scored as early as the 3rd minute of the first half made by Roy Wegerle (3' min), Thomas Dooley (25' min), John Harkes (36' min) and Claudio Reyna (67' min of 2nd half), making this their first official blow-out over Mexico.
- July 24, 1996 – Soccer at the 1996 Summer Olympics includes the final match for the US side, which needed a win against Portugal to advance out of group play, but tied 1–1 (five other Olympic matches were played in RFK as part of the Atlanta Olympics).Attendance for the U.S. match versus Portugal was 58,012 - the largest crowd ever for a sporting event at RFK Stadium.
- October 30, 1996 – Ten days after winning the first Major League Soccer title, D.C. United defeats the Rochester Raging Rhinos 3–1 in the U.S. Open Cup final, achieving the first "double" in American soccer history.
- October 26, 1997 – D.C. United defeats the Colorado Rapids 2–1 to win their second consecutive MLS Cup.
- August 16, 1998 – D.C. United defeats CD Toluca of Mexico 1–0 to win the CONCACAF Champions' Cup, becoming the first American team to do so and marking their first victory in an international tournament.
- October 15, 2000 – the Kansas City Wizards defeat the Chicago Fire 1–0 to win their first MLS Cup.
- April 14, 2001 – the Washington Freedom defeat the Bay Area CyberRays 1–0 in the inaugural match of the Women's United Soccer Association.
- August 3, 2002 – In the MLS All-Star Game, a team of MLS players defeat the U.S. Men's National Team 3–2. D.C. United midfielder Marco Etcheverry is named MVP.
- July 30, 2003 – Ronaldinho makes his debut for FC Barcelona against AC Milan in a pre-season tour of the United States. Ronaldinho had a goal and an assist as Barcelona defeated defending European champion Milan 2–0 in an exhibition game that drew 45,864 to RFK Stadium.
- April 3, 2004 – Freddy Adu debuted with D.C. United at RFK with a sell-out soccer crowd of 24,603.
- November 6, 2004 – D.C. United win the Eastern Conference final by tying the New England Revolution 3–3 and advancing on penalty kicks in what is generally regarded as one of the greatest games in MLS history. They would go on to defeat the Kansas City Wizards 3–2 in the MLS Cup.
- August 9, 2007 – David Beckham debuts for the MLS LA Galaxy, losing to home team D.C. United before a sellout crowd of 46,686 fans, the 4th largest to watch MLS at RFK Stadium.
- October 23, 2010 - Jaime Moreno scores on a penalty kick in his final game as a D.C. United player to retire as the all-time leading scorer in MLS history. United would lose the match, 3–2, to Toronto FC.
- June 19, 2011 - Quarter-Final of 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup US MNT vs. Jamaica. US defeats Jamaica 2-0 and moves onto the Semi-Final. In the second game of the double header El Salvador played Panama to a 1-1 tie Panama would win in a shoot out in front of 46,000 people.
1994 FIFA World Cup matches
Date Time (EDT) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Spectators 1994-06-19 16.00 Norway 1–0 Mexico Group E 52,395 1994-06-20 19.30 Netherlands 2–1 Saudi Arabia Group F 50,535 1994-06-29 12.30 Belgium 0–1 Saudi Arabia Group F 52,959 1994-07-02 16.30 Spain 3–0 Switzerland Round of 16 53,121
2003 FIFA Women's World Cup matches
Date Time (EDT) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Spectators 2003-09-21 12.30 United States 3-1 Sweden Group A 34,144 2003-09-21 15.15 Brazil 3-0 South Korea Group B 34,144 2003-09-24 17.09 Norway 1–4 Brazil Group B 16,316 2003-09-24 19.45 France 1-0 South Korea Group B 16,316 2003-09-27 12.45 France 1–1 Brazil Group B 17,618 2003-09-27 15.30 Argentina 1-6 Germany Group C 17,618
United States Men's National Team matches
The United States Men's National Soccer Team has played more games at RFK Stadium than any other stadium in the world. Some have suggested that due to the nature of RFK and its quirkiness that it would be a suitable national stadium if US Soccer were ever to seek one out. Several prominent members of the national team have scored at RFK including: Brian McBride, Cobi Jones, Eric Wynalda, Joe-Max Moore, Clint Dempsey, Michael Bradley, and Landon Donovan. Winners are listed first and all games are friendlies unless otherwise noted.
- May 22, 1993 – Riddick Bowe records a second round knockout over Jesse Ferguson to retain his WBA heavyweight title; Roy Jones records a unanimous decision over Bernard Hopkins to capture the vacant IBF middleweight title. Attendance: 9,000
- The Beatles - August 15, 1966 (performed in front of 32,164 fans, two weeks later, they would play their last-ever concert at San Francisco's Candlestick Park.)
- The Allman Brothers Band - September 20, 1970 and June 9–10, 1973, with The Grateful Dead
- The Rolling Stones - July 4, 1972, with Stevie Wonder, September 24–25, 1989 and August 1 and 3, 1994
- The Jackson 5 - May 13, 1974 and September 21–22, 1984
- Leon Russell - May 19, 1974, with The New Riders of the Purple Sage
- Aerosmith, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Nazareth and Ted Nugent - May 30, 1976
- Yes - June 13, 1976
- The Beach Boys - June 12, 1983
- Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band - August 5, 1985
- The Grateful Dead - July 6–7, 1986, with Bob Dylan, July 12–13, 1989, July 12, 1990, June 14, 1991, June 20, 1992, with The Steve Miller Band, June 25–26, 1993, with Sting, July 16–17, 1994 and June 24–25, 1995
- Genesis - May 26, 1987 and May 19, 1992
- Bob Dylan - July 6-7, 1986, with Tom Petty and The Heartbreakers and June 24–25, 1995
- Madonna - July 2, 1987, with Level 42
- U2 - September 20, 1987, August 15–16, 1992, with Primus and The Disposable Heroes of Hiphoprisy and May 26, 1997, with Fun Lovin' Criminals
- Pink Floyd - June 1, 1988 and July 9–10, 1994
- The Monsters of Rock Festival - June 10, 1988
- The Who - July 6-7, 1989
- Paul McCartney - July 4 and 6, 1990
- Metallica and Guns N' Roses - July 17, 1992, with Faith No More
- HFStival - July 3, 1993, May 14, 1994, June 3, 1995, June 1, 1996, May 31, 1997, May 16, 1998, September 25, 1999, May 27–28, 2001, May 25–26, 2002, May 24, 2003 and May 22, 2004
- Elton John and Billy Joel - July 20, 1994
- The Eagles - September 13, 1994, with Sheryl Crow
- The Tibetan Freedom Concert - June 13-14, 1998 (The first day is cut short, after several fans were struck by lightning, during Herbie Hancock's set.)
- Blink-182 - June 15, 1998
- The Vans Warped Tour - July 31, 1998
- The LGBT Millennium March on Washington Equality Rocks Concert - April 30, 2000
- 'N Sync - July 10, 2000, with Sisqó and P!nk and August 13, 2001
- The Dave Matthews Band - July 19, 2000, with Ben Harper & The Innocent Criminals and Ozomatli and June 9, 2001, with Angélique Kidjo and Macy Gray
- The United We Stand: What More Can I Give Concert - October 21, 2001 (hosted by Michael Jackson, as a memorial to the victims of the September 11 attacks.)
- The Stone Temple Pilots - May 22, 2010, with Alice in Chains and Cage the Elephant
- On July 21, 2002, the American Le Mans Series held its first event in Washington, DC. The National Grand Prix was run on a temporary circuit laid out in the RFK stadium parking lot, and was the first major motor sports event held in the District of Columbia in 80 years. Originally a ten-year agreement was signed to host the race on a yearly basis. However, due to noise complaints from local residents the contract was canceled after the first edition and the event has not been run since.
- On January 19, 2009, the day before the Presidential Inauguration, A Day Of Service for Our Military was held at RFK Stadium as a part of the Martin Luther King Jr. National Day of Service. This was a joint operation by Serve DC and Operation Gratitude. At this event, 12,000 volunteers made over 80,000 care packages for American Troops overseas.
Washington Hall of Stars
During the Redskins' tenure, the Washington Hall of Stars was displayed on a series of white-and-red signs hung in a ring around the stadium's mezzanine, honoring D.C. sports greats from various sports. With the reconfiguration of the stadium, it was replaced by a series of dark-green banners over the center-field and right-field fences in order to make room for out-of-town scoreboards and advertising signage. There are 15 separate panels honoring 82 figures. Nationals Park also hosts a smaller version of the display.
- Panel 1 (furthest to the left when viewed from home plate, names read here from left to right are listed from top of display to bottom): Redskins football players Cliff Battles, Charley Taylor, Bobby Mitchell, Chris Hanburger, Jerry Smith, Len Hauss, Sammy Baugh and Pat Fischer.
- Panel 2: Redskins Brig Owens, Larry Brown, Sonny Jurgensen, team founder-owner George Marshall, Vince Lombardi (who coached them for one season before his death), Dave Butz, Art Monk and Dick James.
- Panel 3: Redskins Vince Promuto, Russ Grimm, Joe Jacoby, Mark Moseley, Doug Williams, John Riggins, coach George Allen and Ken Houston.
- Panel 4: Redskins Joe Theismann, Billy Kilmer, Wayne Millner, Sam Huff, Gene Brito, Eddie LeBaron, Charlie Justice and Bill Dudley.
- Panel 5: Edward Bennett Williams, Arthur "Dutch" Bergman and Jack Kent Cooke. Williams and Cooke were Redskins owners. Bergman coached in D.C. at The Catholic University of America, and then ran the corporation that lobbied for the building of RFK Stadium.
- Panel 6: "New Senators" manager Gil Hodges, "Old Senators" player and manager Joe Cronin, New Senator Frank Howard, Old Senator owner Clark Griffith, and Old Senators Goose Goslin and George Case.
- Panel 7: Josh Gibson, Bucky Harris, Walter Johnson, Chuck Hinton, Eddie Yost and George Selkirk. Gibson played for the Homestead Grays of the Negro Leagues. Harris, Johnson and Yost played for the Old Senators. Harris also managed the Old Senators. Hinton played for the New Senators. Selkirk, who played for the Yankees, was the general manager of the New Senators.
- Panel 8: "Old Senators" Mickey Vernon, Roy Sievers, Cecil Travis, Early Wynn, Joe Judge, Harmon Killebrew, Ossie Bluege and Grays star Walter "Buck" Leonard. Vernon also managed the New Senators.
- Panel 9: Basketball figures Bones McKinney, Arnold "Red" Auerbach, Abe Pollin, Bob Ferry, Phil Chenier, Wes Unseld and Elvin Hayes. McKinney played for the NBA's Washington Capitols. Auerbach played in D.C. for George Washington University and coached the Capitols. Pollin owned the Baltimore Bullets and moved them to Washington, where they became the "Capital Bullets," "Washington Bullets" and now the "Washington Wizards." He also founded the NHL's Washington Capitals and built two area arenas: The Capital Centre in Landover, Maryland and the MCI Center (now the Verizon Center) in downtown Washington. Ferry played for the Bullets in Baltimore and was their general manager in Washington. Chenier, Unseld and Hayes played for the Bullets in both cities. Unseld later coached them.
- Panel 10: Olympic swimming gold medalist Melissa Belote, broadcaster Jim Gibbons, and golf figures Lee Elder and Deane Beman.
- Panel 11: Capitals hockey star Rod Langway, tennis players Pauline Betz Addie and Donald Dell, and jockey Sonny Workman.
- Panel 12: Boxers Bobby Foster, Marty Gallagher, Holly Mims, Sugar Ray Leonard and Steve Mamakos.
- Panel 13: Soccer player Theodore "Ted" Chambers, soccer player and coach Gordon Bradley, sportswriters Morris "Mo" Siegel and Shirley Povich, and Griffith Stadium and RFK Stadium public-address announcer Charles Brotman.
- Panel 14: "Heroes of Sept. 11th."
To the right of Panel 15 are four banners honoring D.C. United's MLS Cup wins: 1996, 1997, 1999 and 2004. To the right of these banners is D.C. United's "Tradition of Excellence" banner, which honors John Harkes and Marco Etcheverry. To the left of those banners are four banners honoring D.C. United's MLS Supporters Shield wins: 1997, 1999, 2006 and 2007.
RFK Stadium is within a half-mile and easily accessible from the Stadium-Armory station of the Washington Metro. The station is served by the Blue and Orange Lines, and will add the Silver Line in the future. It is also served directly by Metrobus lines B2, D6, E32 (at Eastern High School), 96 and 97.
RFK Stadium is home to such eateries as:
- Forescore Grill
- The Diamond Club
- Burrito Brothers
- Dominic's of New York
- Stars and Stripes Brew
- Red, Hot & Blue BBQ
- AR Seafood
- Cantina Marina
- Washington Redskins (1961–1996)
- Washington Federals (1983–1984)
- Washington Senators (1962–1971)
- Washington Diplomats (1974–1981), (1991)
- Washington Darts (1971)
- Washington Freedom (2001–2003, 2009–2010‡)
- Washington Whips (1968)
- Washington Nationals (2005–2007)
- United States Congressional Baseball Game
- The George Washington University football team played there until it was disbanded in 1966.
- ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2008. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved December 7, 2010.
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- ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=c9lRAAAAIBAJ&sjid=TW4DAAAAIBAJ&pg=7007,3751818&dq=washington+redskins+55431&hl=en
- ^ http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/USAToday/access/55861912.html?dids=55861912:55861912&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Aug+30%2C+1988&author=Gary+Mihoces&pub=USA+TODAY+(pre-1997+Fulltext)&desc=Redskins+reload%3BChamps+have+firepower+to+win+again%3BProspects+of+repeating+downplayed&pqatl=google
- ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1993/11/29/sports/pro-football-nfc-young-and-rice-re-ignite-49er-fireworks.html
- ^ Lowry, Philip (2006). Green Cathedrals. Walker & Company. p. 239. ISBN 978-0-8027-1608-8. http://books.google.com/books?id=Afo5vtVTz4wC&lpg=PP1&dq=green%20cathedrals&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- ^ The Official Site of Major League Baseball: News: Game Wrapup
- ^ The Official Site of Major League Baseball: News: Game Wrapup
- ^ The Official Site of Major League Baseball: News: Game Wrapup
- ^ The Official Site of The Washington Nationals: News: Washington Nationals News
- ^ 1996 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. p. 543.
- ^ "Ronaldinho gives glimpse", SI.com.
- ^ Ronaldinhosamba barcelona career life info barca report knowledge
- ^ "Adu starts well out of the blocks", Marc Connolly, ESPN Soccernet.
- ^ http://www.ussoccer.com/News/Mens-National-Team/2011/06/US-Ready-for-Gold-Cup-Quarterfinal-Match-against-Jamaica.aspx U.S. Ready for 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup Quarterfinal Match against Jamaica: News: US Soccer]
- ^ http://www.matchfitusa.com/2009/10/rfk-national-soccer-stadium.html RFK as our National Soccer Stadium: News: Match Fit USA
- ^ http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/page2/story?page=simmonsnflpicks/091016 Bill Simmons "Every big American soccer game should be played in RFK." News: ESPN
- ^ Lewisohn, M: "The Complete Beatles Chronicle", pages 229-230. Harmony Books, New York, 1992.
- ^ A Flash of Fame For a Good Cause Washington Post, July 30, 1998.
- ^ http://dcpages.com/Autos/National_Grand_Prix/History/
- ^ http://www.dcwatch.com/govern/sports010809.htm
- ^ http://www.eaglebankbowl.org/wp-content/themes/lifestyle_40/pdf/presskit/RFKStadiumAHistoricVenue.pdf
- ^ When we played football: the GW boys of fall, 1890-1966, The GW Hatchet, August 30, 1999.
- D.C. United RFK Stadium page
- Brief History of RFK Stadium
- Washington Convention and Sports Authority RFK venue site
- Remembering RFK
- Remembering RFK as a Truly Multipurpose Stadium
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