Runner bean


Runner bean

Taxobox
name = Runner bean



image_width = 240px
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Fabales
familia = Fabaceae
subfamilia = Faboideae
tribus = Phaseoleae
genus = "Phaseolus"
species = "P. coccineus"
binomial = "Phaseolus coccineus"
binomial_authority = L.

The runner bean ("Phaseolus coccineus", Fabaceae) is often called the scarlet runner bean since most varieties have red flowers and multicolored seeds, though some have white flowers and white seeds. It differs from the common bean in several respects: the cotyledons stay in the ground during germination, and the plant is a perennial with tuberous roots (though it is usually treated as an annual).

The green pods are edible whole but in some varieties (the scarlet runner) tend to become fibrous early, and only the seeds within are eaten. The seeds can be used fresh or as dried beans. The starchy roots are still eaten by Central American Indians. The scarlet runner is widely grown for its attractive flowers by people who would never think of eating it.

Runner beans contain traces of a poisonous lectin Phytohaemagglutinin and hence must be thoroughly cooked before consumption. [ [http://www.scienceyear.com/outthere/index.html?page=/outthere/diner/fatalfoods/index.html Fatal foods] ]

This species originated from the mountains of Central America.

"Phaseolus coccineus subsp. darwinianus " is a cultivated subspecies of "P. coccineus", it is commonly referred to as the Botil bean in Mexico.

Varieties

*Scarlet Runner
*Aztec Half-Runner, also called "Potato bean"
*White Dutch Runner
*Case Knife
*Black Runner
*Painted Lady
*Hammond's Dwarf
*Lady Di
*Pickwick Dwarf
*Riley
*Scarlet Emperor
*Sun Bright
*White Lady
*Wisley Magic
*White Swan

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • runner bean — runner ,bean noun count a long green bean that grows on a tall climbing plant and is cooked and eaten …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • runner bean — ► NOUN chiefly Brit. ▪ a climbing bean plant with scarlet flowers and long green edible pods …   English terms dictionary

  • runner bean — n. chiefly Brit. name for POLE BEAN …   English World dictionary

  • runner bean — n BrE a vegetable that grows as a long green ↑pod (=seed container) on a climbing plant …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • runner bean — noun 1. tropical American bean with red flowers and mottled black beans similar to Phaseolus vulgaris but perennial; a preferred food bean in Great Britain • Syn: ↑scarlet runner, ↑scarlet runner bean, ↑Dutch case knife bean, ↑Phaseolus coccineus …   Useful english dictionary

  • runner bean — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms runner bean : singular runner bean plural runner beans British a long green bean that grows on a tall climbing plant and is cooked and eaten …   English dictionary

  • runner bean — raudonžiedė pupelė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pupinių šeimos daržovinis, dekoratyvinis, maistinis augalas (Phaseolus coccineus), paplitęs Pietų Amerikoje, kitur – auginamas. atitikmenys: lot. Phaseolus coccineus; Phaseolus coccineus… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • runner bean — noun a) A climbing plant, Phaseolus coccineus, having long bean pods. b) The pods, sliced, as a vegetable. Syn: scarlet runner bean …   Wiktionary

  • runner bean — noun Date: 1882 chiefly British scarlet runner bean …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • runner bean — runner beans N COUNT: usu pl Runner beans are long green beans that are eaten as a vegetable. They grow on a tall climbing plant and are the cases that contain the seeds of the plant. [BRIT] Syn: string bean (in AM, use pole beans, scarlet… …   English dictionary


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