- Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals
The Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals is an international
treatydesigned to increase road safety and aid international road traffic by standardising the signing system for road traffic ( road signs, traffic lightsand road markings) in use internationally.
This convention was agreed upon by the
United Nations Economic and Social Councilat the UNESC Conference on Road Traffic in Vienna 7 October 1968to 8 November 1968, was done in Vienna on 8 November 1968 and 6 June 1978. This conference also produced the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic, which complements this legislation by standardising international traffic laws.
The convention revised and substantially extended the earlier 1949
Geneva Protocol on Road Signs and Signals[http://www.geocities.com/bkkriders/law/unc/sign1949.html] , itself based in turn on the 1931 Geneva Convention concerning the Unification of Road Signals[http://members.jcom.home.ne.jp/kinmokusei/convention/before/1931signals.html] .
Amendments, including new provisions regarding the legibility of signs, priority at roundabouts and new signs to improve safety in tunnels were adopted in 2003.
In article 2 the convention classes all road signs into a number of categories (A - H):
* A Danger warning signs
*C Prohibitory or restrictive signs
*F Information, facilities, or service signs
*G Direction, position, or indication signs
*H Additional panels
The convention then lays out precise colours, sizes and shapes for each of these classes of sign:
† May be written in English or the national language
It also specifies the symbols and
pictograms which may be used, and the orientations in which they may be used. When more than one is available, the same one must be used nationally. All signs, except for those which do not apply at night, must be reflective enough to been seen in darkness with headlights from a distance.
The convention also specifies road markings. All such markings must be less than 6 mm high, with cat's eye reflectors no more than 15 mm above the road surface.
The length and width of markings varies according to purpose, although no exact figures for size are stated; roads in built up areas should use a broken line for lane division, while continuous lines must only be used in special cases, such as reduced visibility or narrowed carriage ways.
All words painted on the road surface should be either of place names, or of words which are recognisable in most languages, such as "Stop" or "Taxi".
The Convention specifies the colours which may be used for traffic lights and their meanings, and places and purposes for which lights may be used, like so:
Red flashing lights may only be used at the locations specified above; any other use of the lights is in breach of the convention. Red lights must be placed on top when lights are stacked vertically, or on the side closest to oncoming traffic if stacked horizontally.
52 States at 30 June 2004: Albania, Austria, Bahrain, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Central African Republic, Chile, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mongolia, Morocco, Norway, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Senegal, Serbia and Montenegro, Seychelles, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
Vienna Convention on Road Traffic
Comparison of European traffic signs
* [http://www.unece.org/trans/conventn/signalse.pdf Full text of convention]
* [http://homepages.cwi.nl/~dik/english/traffic/ Detailed illustrations of signs and signals based on the convention]
* [http://www.unece.org/trans/roadsafe/wp12004.html Amendments adopted in 2003]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Vienna Convention on Road Traffic — The Vienna Convention on Road Traffic is an international treaty designed to facilitate international road traffic and to increase road safety by standardising the uniform traffic rules among the contracting parties. This convention was agreed… … Wikipedia
Vienna Convention — can mean any of a number of treaties signed in Vienna. Notable are:* several treaties and conventions resulted from the Congress of Vienna (1814 1815) which redrew the map of Europe, only partially restoring the pre Napoleonic situation, and… … Wikipedia
Road signs in Italy — conform to the general pattern of those used in most other European countries. They are regulated by the Codice della Strada (Highway Code) and by the Regolamento di Attuazione del Codice della Strada in conformity with the Vienna Convention on… … Wikipedia
Comparison of European road signs — Example of Swiss sign near Lugano Despite an apparent uniformity and standardization, European traffic signs presents relevant differences between countries. However most European countries refer to the 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Signs and… … Wikipedia
Road traffic safety — Sidewalks, curbs and traffic signals in Maryland, United States … Wikipedia
Comparison of European traffic signs — Despite an apparent uniformity and standardisation, European traffic signs presents relevant differences between countries. However most European countries refer to the 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals adopted in Europe by Albania … Wikipedia
Driver location signs — A driver location sign (large and blue) and a distance marker post (smaller, with a red reflective stripe) on the A38 in the West Midlands Driver location signs are English highway route markers, first introduced in 2003, that complement distance … Wikipedia
Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002 — The Traffic Signs Regulations and Directions 2002, SI 2002/3113 (commonly abbreviated to TSRGD) prescribes the design and conditions of use of traffic signs that can be lawfully placed on or near roads in England, Scotland, Wales, and the Isle of … Wikipedia
Right- and left-hand traffic — countries with right hand traffic … Wikipedia
Old age and driving — Driving can be an issue in old age. While many senior citizens are safe drivers, and in fact can be among the safest drivers on the road, statistics show that a driver older than age 75 is just as likely as a teenager to be involved in an… … Wikipedia