Berlin Cathedral


Berlin Cathedral

Berlin Cathedral (German: "Berliner Dom") is an Evangelical Church in Germany cathedral in Berlin, Germany. It is located on Museum Island in the Mitte district, and was built between 1895 and 1905. Dedicated on February 27, 1905, it faces the Lustgarten (a city park) and the former site of the imperial palace, the Stadtschloss.cite audio |people=Michael Pohl |year2=1993 |title=Die Grosse Sauer-Orgel im Berliner Dom |medium=CD |publisher=Ursina Motette |date=1993 |id=ISSN|4-008950-117812]

Later the church of the Dominican Order ("Schwarze Brüder"), located at the south side of the castle, was used as the first cathedral. The first church at this site was a baroque cathedral by Johann Boumann, which was completed in 1747 and, in 1822, remodelled in the neoclassicist style by the Berlin architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel.

In 1894, on German Emperor Wilhelm II's order, this domed building was demolished and replaced by the current cathedral designed by Julius Raschdorff. At convert|114|m|ft|0 long, convert|73|m|ft|0 wide and convert|116|m|ft|0 tall, it was much larger than any of the previous buildings and was considered a Protestant counterweight to St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City. The pipe organ, built by Wilhelm Sauer, had 113 stops, including three ranks of 32' pipes on the pedal division, played by a 4-manual console.

During World War II, the building was bombed by the Allies and severely damaged on May 24, 1944. A temporary roof was installed to protect what remained of the interior and in 1975 reconstruction started. The restoration of the interior was begun in 1984 and in 1993 the church reopened in an event attended by Chancellor of Germany Helmut Kohl and televised nationwide in Germany. During reconstruction, the organ was fully restored, although the building's original design was modified into a simpler, shorter form.

References

External links

* [http://www.sacred-destinations.com/germany/berlin-berliner-dom.htm Berlin Cathedral] (history, description, visitor information).
* [http://www.stadtpanoramen.de/en/berlin/cathedral.html Berlin Cathedral - Panorama]
* [http://www.atlascom.us/txl_dom.htm Berlin Cathedral, its destruction and restoration]
* [http://www.dhm.de/zcam/ Berlin webcam including view of Berlin Cathedral and the Palace of the Republic]

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