- Peruvian War of Independence
At the time of the Napoleonic invasion of the
Iberian Peninsulaand the degradation of the Royal power took place, and under the attack of Buenos Aires armies in Upper Peru, the oligarch Peruvians support the Royalist army. The Creole rebellion of Huánuco arose in 1812and the rebellion of Cuzco between 1814and 1816was suppressed. These rebellions were supported by the armies of Buenos Aires.
Years after the fear of indigenous rebellion from
1780to 1781that was headed by Tupac Amaru II, and under commercial and nacionalist reasons, the Viceroys gain the support of the "Lima oligarch" in opposite to Buenos Aires or Chilean commercial interest. The Viceroyalty of Perubecame the last redoubt of the Spanish Monarchy in South America. This Viceroyalty succumbed after the decisive continental campaigns of José de San Martín(1820-1823) and Simón Bolívar(1824). While San Martin was in charge of the military land campaign the newly built Chilean Navyled by Lord Thomas Cochranetransported the fighting troops and launched a sea campaign to fight the Spanish fleet in the Pacific. [http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=916&HistoryID=aa91] San Martín, who had displaced the royalists of Chile after the battle of Maipu, and who had disembarked in Paracas in 1820, proclaimed the independence of Peru in Lima on July 28, 1821. Four years later, the Spanish Monarchy was defeated definitively after the battle of Ayacucho.
After the war of independence the conflict of interests that faced different sectors of the Creole society and the particular ambitions of the
caudillos, made the organization of the country excessively difficult. Only three civilians: Manuel Pardo, Nicolás de Piérolaand Francisco García Calderóncould accede to the presidency in the first seventy-five years of independent life. After the splitting of the Alto Peru in 1815, the Republic of Bolivia was created. In 1837, the Peru-Bolivian Confederationwas also created but, it was dissolved two years later due to the Chilean militaryintervention.
Battle of Ayacucho
Battle of Junín
Primer Congreso Constituyente del Perú de 1822
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KM4h-j331Kc Video: The Independence of Peru]
* [http://www.ucsm.edu.pe/arequipa/peru2.htm Peruvian Act of Independence]
* [http://www.wombastis.com/1900_ayacucho/ Ayacucho República Aristocrática photo gallery]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Ecuadorian War of Independence — Warbox conflict=Ecuadorian War of Independence campaign= colour scheme=background:#ccffcc caption= date=1820 1822 place=present day Ecuador result=Patriot victory; Independence of the country from Spain combatant1=Independentist Armies combatant2 … Wikipedia
Chilean War of Independence — Part of the Spanish American wars of independence Founding fathers of Chile: José Miguel Carrera … Wikipedia
Peruvian Inquisition — The Peruvian Inquisition was established on January 9, 1570 and ended in 1820 [Teodoro Hampe Martinez, p. 43.] . It was reinstated under King Felipe II of Spain in 1569. The Holy Office and tribunal of the Peruvian Inquisition were located in… … Wikipedia
Peruvian Navy — Marina de Guerra del Perú Coat of arms of the Peruvian Navy Active October 8, 1821 today Country … Wikipedia
Peruvian Army — The Peruvian Army (Spanish: Ejército del Perú, abbreviated EP) is the branch of the Peruvian Armed Forces tasked with safeguarding the independence, sovereignty and integrity of national territory on land through military force. Additional… … Wikipedia
Peruvian Naval School — The Peruvian Naval School ( es. Escuela Naval del Perú) is the institution in charge of the undergraduate education of officers of the Peruvian Navy. It s located at La Punta, Callao, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Its current director is Rear… … Wikipedia
War of the Confederation — Date 1836–1839 Location Present day Bolivia and Peru Result United Restorative Army victory, dissolution of the confederation. Argentina fails to conquer Tarija … Wikipedia
War of the Pacific — This article is about the 19th century war between Bolivia, Chile and Peru. For the Pacific theatre of WW II, see Pacific War. War of the Pacific … Wikipedia
History of the Ecuadorian–Peruvian territorial dispute — The territorial dispute between Ecuador and Peru was one of the most persistent and seemingly most resistant to resolution of any in the Western Hemisphere. The conflict arose virtually at the birth of these two nations from the Spanish Empire in … Wikipedia
Chincha Islands War — 1865 South America during the Chincha Islands War. Orange: Peru. Green: Bolivia. Yellow: Ecuador. Blue Green: Colombia. Purple: Chile … Wikipedia